Report on IFAD’s investment portfolio for the third quarter of 2009
Executive Board — Ninety-eighth Session Rome, 15-17 December 2009
Note to Executive Board Directors This document is submitted for the information of the Executive Board. To make the best use of time available at Executive Board sessions, Directors are invited to contact the following focal point with any technical questions about this document before the session: Munehiko Joya Treasurer telephone: +39 06 5459 2251 e-mail: [email protected]
Queries regarding the dispatch of documentation for this session should be addressed to: Deirdre McGrenra Governing Bodies Officer telephone: +39 06 5459 2374 e-mail: [email protected]
Report on IFAD’s investment portfolio for the third quarter of 2009 I. Executive summary 1.
During the third quarter of 2009, IFAD’s investment policy and high-quality instruments continued to protect the investment portfolio from the turmoil in the global financial markets.
The value of the investment portfolio in United States dollar terms increased by US$113,104,000 equivalent, from US$2,508,582,000 equivalent at 30 June 2009 to US$2,621,686,000 equivalent at 30 September 2009. The main factors for this increase were net investment income, net cash inflows and foreign exchange movements.
The year-to-date investment portfolio’s rate of return is 3.76 per cent, which translates into a year-to-date investment income amount of US$93,516,000 equivalent, net of all fees and including income from securities lending cash collateral activities.
II. Introduction 4.
This report on IFAD’s investment portfolio presents final data on the third quarter of 2009. It consists of the following sections: market conditions; asset allocation; investment income; rate of return; composition of the investment portfolio by currency; securities lending cash collateral; liquidity level in IFAD’s investment portfolio; and risk measurement.
III. Market conditions 5.
During the third quarter of 2009, the financial markets continued to stabilize and IFAD’s fixed-income investments performed positively under the favourable effects brought by the quantitative easing measures and programmes put in place by the central banks and governments. These measures continued to foster inflation expectations, which supported the performance of inflation-indexed bonds. IFAD’s diversified fixed-interest bonds benefited from the markets’ stabilization and the resulting increase in risk appetite. The government bonds’ contribution to performance remained positive, although to a lesser degree than the other two asset classes, due to the amount of government debt issuance, which dampened the otherwise more positive price appreciation by the continuing demand for safe assets.
During the same period, the United States dollar depreciated against the euro (-4.04 per cent) and Japanese yen (-7.20 per cent) while appreciating against the British pound sterling (+2.97 per cent).
IV. Asset allocation 7.
Table 1 shows the movements affecting the investment portfolio’s major asset classes during the third quarter of 2009 and compares the portfolio’s asset allocation at the end of the quarter with the investment policy allocation.
During the period, there was a cash inflow of US$16,458,000 equivalent from the internally managed operational cash portfolio, representing cash receipts and encashment of Member States’ contributions net of disbursements for loans, grants and administrative expenses.
Despite the slight appreciation of the United States dollar against the pound sterling, the depreciation against the euro and Japanese yen resulted in an increase
in the portfolio balance in United States dollar terms of US$55,439,000 equivalent during the third quarter of 2009. 10.
The above movements, combined with an investment income of US$41,207,0001 equivalent, increased the overall investment portfolio value by US$113,104,000 equivalent for the period. Table 1 Movements affecting the asset allocation within the portfolio, third quarter 2009 (Thousands of United States dollars equivalent) Diversified fixedHeld-to- Government interest maturity bonds bonds
1 124 214
2 508 582
Transfers due to allocation
Transfers due to expenses/income
1 115 451
2 621 686
Actual asset allocation (percentage)
Investment policy asset allocationd (percentage)
Operational casha Opening balance (1 July 2009) b
Movements on exchange Closing balance by portfolio (30 September 2009)
Difference in asset allocation (percentage)e
a Cash and time deposits held with banks, readily available for disbursing loans, grants and administrative expenses. b
Investment income is further detailed in table 2.
Disbursements for loans, grants and administrative expenses net of cash receipts and encashment of Member State contributions.
d The investment policy allocation for the held-to-maturity portfolio is set to match the current 16.0 per cent asset allocation in the investment portfolio. e The differences between policy and actual asset allocations are impacted by fluctuations in market prices and currencies. The asset allocation is reviewed and realigned from time to time.
During the first three quarters of 2009, the aggregate investment income amounted to US$93,516,000 equivalent. All realized and unrealized gains and losses are included in the investment income. Table 2 presents a summary of the third quarter 2009 investment income broken down by asset class.
1 This figure does not include the impact of the unrealized gain/loss of the securities lending cash collateral reinvestment shown in table 2. The reason is that the security lending cash collateral is not directly related to any asset classes within the investment portfolio and therefore its market value change does not affect the portfolio’s asset allocation.
Table 2 Breakdown of investment income by asset class and the impact of the reinvested securities lending cash collateral, third quarter and year-to-date 2009 (Thousands of United States dollars equivalent)
Interest from fixedinterest investments and bank accounts Realized capital gains
Investment income before fees and taxes Investment manager fees Custody fees/bank charges Financial advisory and other investment management fees Taxes recoverable Investment income after fees and taxes
a A period’s amortization amount represents a portion of the difference between the purchase price and the final redemption value of the held-to-maturity investments as per the International Financial Reporting Standards.
Rate of return
The rate of return of IFAD’s investment portfolio is calculated in local currency terms without reflecting the impact of foreign exchange movements, which is neutralized through the currency alignment.
The investment portfolio returned a positive 3.76 per cent in the first three quarters of 2009, net of all fees and including income from securities lending cash collateral activities.
Table 3 Year-to-date rate of return on IFAD’s investments for third quarter 2009 and 2008 (Percentages in local currency terms) Rate of return Year-to-date third quarter 2009 Held-to-maturity
Diversified fixed-interest bonds
Gross rate of return Less expenses Rate of return
Year-to-date third quarter 2008
The differences between year-to-date returns for 2009 and 2008 are due to the different characteristics of asset classes and highlight the positive impact of portfolio diversification on the stability and safety of the overall portfolio return.
Composition of the investment portfolio by currency
The majority of IFAD’s commitments are expressed in special drawing rights (SDRs). Consequently, the Fund’s overall assets are maintained in such a way as to ensure that commitments for undisbursed loans and grants denominated in SDRs are matched, to the extent possible, by assets denominated in the currencies and ratios of the SDR valuation basket. Similarly, the General Reserve and commitments for grants denominated in United States dollars are matched by assets denominated in the same currency.
The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund reviews the SDR valuation basket every five years to determine which currencies should be part of the basket and what their percentage weight should be at the date of reweighting of the basket.
The current units for each of the four currencies making up the SDR valuation basket were determined on 30 December 2005 in such a way that the value of the SDR was precisely US$1.42927, in terms of both the old units and the new units, which became effective on 1 January 2006. The applicable units, together with their weights as at 1 January 2006 and 30 September 2009, are shown in table 4. Table 4 Units and weights applicable to SDR valuation basket 1 January 2006 Currency
United States dollar
Pound sterling Total
30 September 2009
At 30 September 2009, assets in the form of cash, investments, promissory notes and contribution receivables from Member States under the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Replenishments, net of provisions, amounted to US$3,057,183,000
equivalent, as summarized in table 5 (compared with US$2,810,147,000 equivalent at 30 June 2009). Table 5 Currency composition of assets in the form of cash, investments and other receivables (Thousands of United States dollars equivalent)
Currency United States dollar groupb
Cash and investmentsa
Contribution receivables from Member States
1 118 105
1 310 261
1 036 296
2 621 164
3 057 183
Includes only assets in freely convertible currencies, and excludes assets in non-convertible currencies of US$523,000 equivalent for cash and investments, and US$1,399,000 equivalent for promissory notes. b Includes assets in Australian, Canadian and New Zealand dollars. c Includes assets in Swiss francs, Swedish kronor, and Danish and Norwegian kroners.
The alignment of assets by currency group against the SDR valuation basket as at 30 September 2009 is shown in table 6. The balance of commitments denominated in United States dollars at 30 September 2009 amounted to US$163,852,000 equivalent, composed of the General Reserve (US$95,000,000) and commitments for grants denominated in United States dollars (US$68,852,000). Table 6 Alignment of assets per currency group with the SDR valuation composition as at 30 September 2009 (Thousands of United States dollars equivalent)
Less: commitments denominated in US dollars
Net asset amount
Net asset amount (percentage)
SDR weights (percentage)
US dollar group
1 310 261
1 146 409
1 036 296
1 036 296
3 057 183
2 893 331
As at 30 September 2009, there was a shortfall in the euro currency group holdings (-2.1 per cent) and in the United States dollar currency group (-0.4 per cent), which was offset by an excess allocation in the pound sterling (+0.1 per cent) and in the Japanese yen (+2.4 per cent).
Temporary deviances from SDR weights at a specific point in time are due to the fluctuation in values of IFAD assets and its underlying currencies (i.e. cash, investments and Member contribution payments and receivables). IFAD’s Treasury Division constantly monitors misalignments and takes active measures to bring the currency allocation more in line with the SDR basket.
VIII. Securities lending cash collateral 22.
The market value of cash collateral reinvested against securities lent as at 30 September 2009 was US$257,670,000 equivalent, with a corresponding liability to the borrowers for US$261,343,000 equivalent. The asset class as well as credit quality compositions of the cash collateral reinvested against securities lent are shown in table 7. The difference in the collateral reinvested and the corresponding liability as at 30 September 2009 shrank to US$3,673,000 equivalent from US$18,276,000 equivalent as at 31 December 2008 thus bringing an unrealized gain of US$14,603,000 for the first three quarters of 2009, as shown in table 2. Table 7 Composition and credit ratings of the cash collateral reinvested against securities lent as at 30 September 2009 (Thousands of United States dollars equivalent)
Cash Corporate bonds Government agencies
100 275 11 299
19 110 -
11 305 -
100 275 30 415 11 299
38.4 11.6 4.3
Banking industry Mortgage-backed securities Asset-backed securities Total Composition weight
The maturity structure of the cash collateral reinvested against securities lent is shown in table 8. Table 8 Maturity structure of the cash collateral reinvested against securities lent, as at a 30 September 2009 (Thousands of United States dollars equivalent) 30 September 2009
31 December 2008
Due in one year or less
Due after one year through two years
Due after two years through three years
Due after three years through four years
Due after four years
The maturity structure represents the financial maturities of the reinvested cash collateral, not the legal maturities.
As evident from tables 7 and 8, the reinvested cash collateral maintains a high level of quality with over 75 per cent in triple A, while being fairly liquid – reflecting over 38 per cent in cash and over 74 per cent to be redeemed through maturity within one year. This implies that the cash collateral reinvestment will not make any meaningful impact on IFAD’s liquidity level, which is already very high relative to the minimum requirement as reported in section IX.
IFAD has taken a conservative position so as to progressively scale back its securities lending exposure in 2009 in an orderly manner to avoid the realization of
market losses while benefiting from the positive impact of the current market recovery. IFAD also extensively revised its securities lending cash collateral reinvestment guidelines in late 2008 for better control and risk mitigation. A limited number of securities have been downgraded below credit quality requirements and remain subject to continuous monitoring by IFAD and its custodian bank.
Liquidity level in IFAD’s investment portfolio
IFAD’s Liquidity Policy states that IFAD’s liquidity (“highly liquid assets”)2 should remain above the level of US$437 million over the Seventh Replenishment period.
Highly liquid assets in IFAD’s investment portfolio as at 30 September 2009 amounted to US$1,297,500,000 equivalent, which comfortably meets the minimum liquidity requirement (table 9). Table 9 Liquidity level in IFAD’s investment portfolio, as at 30 September 2009 (Thousands of United States dollars equivalent) Actuals Highly liquid assets
1 115. 5
Fairly liquid assets
Partially liquid assets
Risk measurement 28.
With the exception of operational cash and held-to-maturity investments, the investment portfolio performance is subject to market movements. Historically, different asset classes have shown different levels of volatility, often referred to as “risk”. Volatility is measured in terms of standard deviation of returns from their mean. At 30 September 2009, the standard deviation of IFAD’s investment portfolio was 1.52 per cent, compared with 1.56 per cent for the investment policy.3
Value-at-Risk (VaR) is the measure of risk that IFAD uses to estimate the maximum amount that the portfolio could lose in value over a three-month forward time horizon, with a 95 per cent confidence level.4 Table 10 shows the VaR of IFAD’s investment portfolio and that of the investment policy as at 30 September 2009 and for previous periods.
Defined as being convertible to cash quickly and without significant loss of value. The security lending cash collateral programme is not factored into this volatility measurement. 4 The security lending cash collateral programme is not factored into this VaR measurement. 3
Table 10 Value-at-risk (VaR) (Forecast horizon of three months, confidence level at 95 per cent) Investment portfolio
Amount (thousands of United States dollars)
Amount (thousands of United States dollars)
30 September 2009
30 June 2009
31 March 2009
31 December 2008
30 September 2008
At 30 September 2009, the investment portfolio’s VaR was 1.27 per cent, a decrease from the end of the previous quarter, and below the investment policy VaR of 1.31 per cent. It should be noted that the investment policy VaR is based on the policy asset allocation (see table 1).