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Kendra Daly Director, ORION Program Design & Implementation Workshop Salt Lake City, March 27-30 2006
Monday, 27 March – Outline of Talks • OOI/ORION and Goals of D&I Workshop Kendra Daly (ORION Program Director) • OOI Budget and Timeline; RFA Review Alex Isern (NSF) • STAC Process for Developing Conceptual Network Design (CND) Doug Luther (Univ. of Hawaii) • STAC Coastal CND • STAC RCO CND • STAC Global CND
John Trowbridge (WHOI) Deb Kelley (UW) Uwe Send (SIO)
Monday, 27 March • ORION Cyberinfrastructure Requirements Larry Mayer (Univ. of New Hampshire) • ORION Education and Public Outreach George Matsumoto (MBARI) • Charge to Breakout Groups Bob Detrick (WHOI) & Oscar Schofield (Rutgers) • Questions
Outline Goals of the D & I Workshop History of the OOI and the ORION Program Components of the OOI ORION organization Timeline, Science Planning
Goals of the D&I Workshop Present the Conceptual Network Design Obtain comments and recommendations on the Conceptual Network Design Start to form collaborative groups for integrated research projects
History of the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) Ocean observatories have been advocated since 1988 OOI planning for ~ 10 years > 30 workshops, written reports, and planning documents have been produced NSF’s contribution to the national Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) & to the international Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)
Observatory and OOI Milestones 1990 1995
Workshop on the Scientific Uses of Undersea Cables Multidisciplinary Observatories on the Deep Sea Floor
National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP) funds U.S. NEPTUNE feasibility study
Canada's Institute for Pacific Ocean Science and Technology invited by U.S. to undertake feasibility study of Canadian partnership with U.S. NEPTUNE
OOI MRE Approved by the National Science Board at NSF Illuminating the Hidden Planet (National Research Council Report) NSF funds development of RCO communications system DEOS Moored Buoy Design Study Sensor Technology for Remote Interactive Experiments in Aquatic Environments
NSF funds development of RCO power system
Observatory and OOI Milestones 2001
Ocean Sciences at the New Millennium Report
Victoria Experimental Network Under the Sea (VENUS) test bed funded by Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) NOPP funds NEPTUNE system engineering NSF funds the Monterey Accelerated Research System (MARS) cabled-observatory test bed in Monterey Bay NSF funds development of cabled-observatory communications system Coastal Ocean Processes & Observatories Workshop Scientific Cabled Observatories for Time-Series (SCOTS)
Observatory and OOI Milestones 2003
Canada Foundation for Innovation and British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund announce CAN$62.4 million in funding to University of Victoria for NEPTUNE Canada Enabling Ocean Research in the 21st Century (NRC Report) REgional Cabled Observatory Network (of Networks) (RECONN) Autonomous and Lagrangian Platforms and Sensors (ALPS) Implementation Plan for the DEOS Global Network of Moored-Buoy Observatories Biological and Chemical Instrumentation in the Ocean Workshop Links between OOI and IODP Workshop Coastal Observatory Research Arrays (CORA): A Framework for Implementation Planning
Observatory and OOI Milestones 2004
Ocean Research Interactive Observatory Networks (ORION) San Juan Workshop – scientific and educational priorities using ocean observatories
OOI Science Plan
RFA Community Proposals - proposals solicited to develop a baseline design for OOI infrastructure, including nodes locations and capabilities that should be available at experimental nodes. 48 proposals received 549 individuals 137 academic institutions, gov’t labs, and industries from 35 states, 4 Canadian Provinces, Japan & France
Observatory and OOI Milestones 2005 May
RFA Community Proposals
NSF-Panel review of RFA proposals
ORION advisory committee members prepare draft Conceptual Network Design
NEPTUNE Canada signs contract for $39M with Alcatel to design, manufacture and install northern portion of the RCO
ORION advisory committee members complete draft Conceptual Network Design
> 85 people on the ORION Advisory Committees
Observatory and OOI Milestones March ORION advisory committee members complete draft Conceptual 2006 Network Design ORION Design & Implementation Workshop, Salt Lake City
Observatory and OOI Milestones 2006
OOI recommended as a new MRE start in President’s FY07 budget VENUS cabled-testbed installed in Saanich Inlet http://www.venus.uvic.ca/ Neptune Canada awarded an additional $8M from the Canada Foundation for Innovation towards adding an additional 4 science nodes
Observatory and OOI Milestones 2006
MARS to be installed later this year
OOI vs ORION
The range of processes that ORION intends to measure with sensors and instrument systems
Air-sea interactions Physical Chemical Biological Geological
ORION is committed to three OOI components Coastal observatories Regional observatory (Pacific NW) Global observatories INTEGRATION of components through Cyberinfrastructure
Endurance Arrays – Fixed, permanent observing array arranged as crossshelf lines and individual moorings, some supported by fiber optic cable Pioneer Arrays – Relocatable arrays for process-oriented studies
Regional Cabled Observatory • Primary cable and nodes • Secondary cable and nodes • Vertical profiling moorings
Models are important to • Integrate multi-scale, interdisciplinary observations, • Formulate and test hypotheses, and • Inform scientists on sampling strategies. Pacific basin-scale ROMS: (1520 x 1088 x 30) • 12.5-km horizontal resolutions & 30 vertical layers • 50-year (1950-2000) integration
SST plotted in shade relief format D. Haidvogel (Rutgers) & Y. Chao (JPL)
Characteristics of ORION Observatories
Globally distributed Integrated network of sensing systems Near-real time data return and control Two-way communication to allow adaptive sampling
Long time-series across many spatial scales Investigate short-term episodic events Multi-disciplinary approach to study complex natural systems and non-linear processes Open data policy Complex models for analysis and prediction
Characteristics of ORION Observatories (cont.) The OOI is expected to be a 30 year facility Open to anyone (single PI or groups of PIs) Examples of science experiments in San Juan Report, OOI Science Plan, etc. Planning for future innovation Modular Adaptable Expandable Interoperable
Expanded Coastal Observatory
Seafloor Geophysical Observatory with Seismometers and a Variety of Geodetic Instruments
Forest of vertical profiling moorings and borehole observatories
CORK Borehole Observatories
Array of Genomic Sensors Sampling an Episodic Event
From Ginger Armbrust
Retrieving Samples for Validation and Archival
Imaging Imaging Sonar Sonar
Robotic Robotic Arm Arm HD HD Stereo Stereo Cameras Cameras
Implementing Organizations • The Implementing Organizations (IOs) will manage the procurement and installation of the observatory networks leading to the operation of these facilities for the ORION Program • An IO may be an academic institution, a consortia of academic institutions, or an academic-industry partnership • Separate IOs may be chosen for the coastal, RCO and global components of the OOI, as well as Cyberinfrastructure
Science Planning: OOI Timeline 2007-2013 2008 Phase I coastal and global observatories deployed Need science experiments ready to start in 2008/9 2012 Phase II coastal and global deployments completed 2013 RCO finish testing and commission ***Start Science Planning - Suggestions for Workshops***
Imagination is the beginning of creation. You imagine what you desire, you will what you imagine and at last you create what you will. George Bernard Shaw
What’s next? 2006 May - Advisory committee reviews revised CND based on the D&I Workshop comments August - NSF Conceptual Network Design Review 2007 Spring – Final design review
RFA proposals submitted
Development of IMP
Preparation of Preliminary PEP RFP for RCO and CI IOs
RCO and CI IO Selection RFP for Global and Coastal IOs
Prep of Prelim. PEP Global and Coastal IO Selection
2007 Revise PEP
PEP to NSF
CDR EA / EIS Award Negotiation
EA / EIS
Coastal first stage commissioned in 2008; need science experiments ready to start