Care And Treatment Of Intersex Children

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Parent Versus State: Protecting Intersex Children from

Intersex conditions are variations in in utero reproductive development that often result in the child developing ambiguous genitalia. Currently, the dominant treatment method for children born with intersex conditions is surgical reconstruction of the child s genitalia. Surgical

Intersex Roundtable Report 2017 - Human Rights Commission

health care protocol for intersex children, setting the procedures and steps to be followed by health teams, ensuring that no one is subjected to unnecessary medical or surgical treatment during infancy or childhood, guaranteeing the rights of children to bodily integrity, autonomy and self-determination, and provide families with intersex

Intersex Roundtable Report 2016 - Human Rights Commission

related to intersex children as an outcome of New ZealandÕs review under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. a Develop and implement a child rights-based health care protocol for intersex children, setting the procedures and steps to be followed by health teams, ensuring that no one is subjected to unnecessary

Editorial - ResearchGate

repeated treatment procedures leaves some intersex people fearful and untrusting of health care professionals. 21 , 24 , 25 There is also concern that normalising treatment renders

INFORMATION SHEET: Transgender and gender diverse children

A child with an intersex variation is a child who was born with chromosomes, genitals, and/or reproductive organs that do not fit into the narrow ideas of what constitutes male or female Intersex children are different from transgender or gender diverse children. Sexual orientation refers to who you are attracted to sexually.

Report to the UN Committee Against Torture: Medical

Americans born with intersex conditions face a wide range of violations of their sexual and reproductive rights, as well as rights to bodily integrity and individual autonomy. In infancy and throughout childhood, children with intersex conditions are subject to irreversible sex assignment and involuntary genital normalizing surgery, sterilization,


throughout childhood, children with intersex conditions are subject to irreversible sex assignment and involuntary genital normalizing surgery, sterilization, medical display and photography of the genitals, and medical experimentation. In adulthood, and sometimes in childhood, people with intersex conditions may also be denied necessary

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Recommendation 11. Children born with variations of sex characteristics must be treated by multi-disciplinary teams. Multi-disciplinary teams must operate in line with transparent, human rights-based standards of care for the treatment of intersex people and bodies. Multi-


children born with intersex conditions. In other words, we are seeking to repair legal mechanisms that are intended to protect everyone, but fail to protect intersex children adequately because of unique circumstances that surround the birth and the treatment of intersex children. d.


The treatment of intersex children is regulated by general health care provisions. According to the Constitution of Finland, public service guarantees independent, equal and sufficient social and health care services to everyone regardless of their gender or state of health. The

WJHM0091-83691540-3602Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 54

Traditional protocols for treatment of children born with intersex con-ditions are also being ques tioned by ethicists and ph ysicians (Frader et al., 2004). Once health risks have been ruled out or addressed, additional treatment is based on cosmetic concerns and perceived needs. Quality of

Intersex: protection of rights and best practice in health

Intersex: protection of rights and best practice in health The role of the courts and tribunals in the healthcare of intersex people 5.1 For many intersex people, important decisions are made on their behalf regarding sex assignment and medical treatment, during the first years, sometimes the first weeks, of


sterilization, forced genital and anal examinations, and unnecessary surgery and treatment on intersex children without their consent. In many countries, the response to these violations is inadequate, they are underreported and often not properly investigated and prosecuted, leading to widespread impunity and lack of justice, remedies and support

Teaching Intersex Issues - ISNA

Intersex in the Age of Ethics. ed. Alice Domurat Dreger. Hagerstown, MD: University Publishing Group, 1999: 23-29. Groveman writes about her own experiences with her intersex condition and discusses the stigma and shame that occurs around intersex, specifically when family and physicians choose to keep secrets from children with intersex

Intersex Genital Mutilations

Clitoral surgery for intersex conditions was promoted by Hugh Hampton Young in the United States in the late 1930s. Subsequently, a standardized intersex management strategy was developed by psychologists at Johns Hopkins University (USA) based on the idea that infants are gender neutral at birth.

Intersex Conditions (DSDs) and Pastoral Care

Appendix A to this paper provides contact details for support groups for intersex people and the families of babies and children with intersex conditions/DSDs. Appendix B provides a resource designed for Christian parents whose child has been born with an intersex condition/DSD. Appendix C is a multi-faith version of this resource.

Ambiguous Genitalia and Intersex Conditions n

For many children with intersex con-ditions, the external genitals are not clearly male or clearly Counseling is an important part of treatment. The fami-lies of children with ambiguous genitalia need detailed expert medical care and support, many children with intersex conditions grow up

Management of intersex - The Lancet

care must be concurrent. We do urge clinicians to reassess genital surgery. Is it ethical to do cosmetic genital surgery on infants? Do parents have the right to choose this surgery for their children? Does genital surgery really not damage sexual function? Should intersex even be deemed a medical condition requiring treatment?

Health Care Professionals and Intersex Conditions

the care of children born with atypical genitalia or later found to have other condi-tions now commonly grouped together as intersex. These children may have con-genitaladrenalhyperplasia,gonadaldysgenesis,hypospadias,partialorcompleteandrogeninsen-sitivity syndrome, etc. This commentary reflects the deliberations of the group, which

Reducing health inequalities experienced by LGBTI people

Module 4: Learning objectives After this module, participants will : Have a greater awareness and improved knowledge of concepts in the field of gender identity and sex characteristics; Be more familiar with the health needs of trans and intersex people; Be aware of the standard of care and human rights of trans and intersex people.

Gender Analysis Toolkit for Key - Children and AIDS

ii Gender Analysis Toolkit for Key Population HIV Prevention, Care, and Treatment Programs Acronyms and abbreviations ADS Automated directive system FSW Female sex worker GBV Gender-based violence HIV Human Immunodeficiency virus HR Human resources IGWG Interagency Gender Working Group KP Key population LGBTI Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex

Caring for Intersex Patients at Health Centers

Protocols for Interaction with Intersex Patients and their Families Respecting gender identity Developing and understanding of the relationship between the child and their parent(s) As is true for any individual, intersex persons have the right to access their medical records and to be told the truth about their intersex status, intersex

Gender Assignment Surgery for Intersexed Infants: How the

Approximately one in every 2,000 children is born with an intersex condition. 13 However, virtually no legal work adequately addresses the fundamental privacy issues that underlie gender assignment surgery. This Note attempts to explore this issue. Part II provides an overview of


approach to care, treatment and protection of Intersex persons; c) Examine the existing policy, institutional, legislative, medical and especially the children. Evidently, intersex persons as a marginalised , minority and vulnerable group face a multitude

Model Policy: Transgender, Gender Nonconforming, and

groups lack access to competent medical care. Some intersex children undergo unnecessary, irreversible, and involuntary surgeries, and transgender youth are often denied medically necessary, gender affirming treatment. Pervasive rejection and discrimination in their homes, schools, and communities contribute to

Intersex Genital Mutilations

Intersex persons are also denied needed health care, and children prevented from attending school and unable to obtain official papers. Parents and children are misinformed, kept in the dark, sworn to secrecy, kept isolated and denied appropriate support. In 2018, CEDAW recognised IGM in Mexico as a harmful practice and called for an explicit


Parents of intersex babies are often ill-informed and baffled. Medical professionals may be quick to propose corrective surgeries and treatments aimed at normalizing the sex of the child. Such surgeries, which are cosmetic rather than medically necessary, are often performed on inter-

Health and wellbeing of people with intersex variations

In 2013, the Victorian Department of Health developed the Decision-making principles for the care of infants, children and adolescents with intersex conditions. The principles were an Australian-first tool to help Victorian hospitals apply best practice decision making to the treatment, care and support of people born with intersex variations.

INTERSEX - UN Free & Equal

INTERSEX Physical integrity It has become common practice to subject intersex children to unnecessary surgical and other procedures for the purpose of trying to make their appearance conform to binary sex stereotypes. These often irreversible procedures can cause


31/7/2018  disparity population by the NIH in 2016.5 Care of intersex people, particularly children, demands special attention to avoiding biases based on outdated understandings of sex and gender. Today, medical practitioners recognize the importance of providing ethical and compassionate health care to people born with intersex traits and have launched efforts to ensure

C lin ica l G u id e lin e s

The purpose of these guidelines is to assist health care professionals in the provision of diagnosis, treatment, education, and suppor t to children born with disorders of sex development (DSDs) and to their families. While debates about the best way to care for patients with DSDs continue,1-7 this

Sex, Lies, and Surgery: The Role of Informed Consent in

treatise goes on to suggest treatment be started as soon as possible after birth so the children can 1 See CHRISTOPHER J. DEWHURST & RONALD R. GORDON, THE INTERSEXUAL ISORDERS vii (1996); Laura Hermer, Paradigms Revised: Intersex Children, Bioethics & the Law, 11 ANNALS HEALTH L. 195, 209 (2002). 2 Dewhurst, supra note 1, at vii.

Submission to the National Children s Commissioner on

Human rights-based standards for the care of intersex children should be developed, and these standards need to establish the definition of medical necessity to provide a framework for determining whether a particular medical procedure for a particular intersex variation is in fact medically necessary; and

BeingIntersex,Being Whole

The medical treatment of intersex people raises a variety of legal and ethical issues. For example, although parents have the legal authority to make many medical decisions for their children, parents of intersex children report feeling pressured into making quick deci-sions about surgery without full information. This casts doubt on

Ethical Guidelines for the Clinical Management of Intersex

Network DSD/Intersex developed an exhaustive cata-logue of ethical recommendations. They identified 3 leading ethical principles and rights. Any health care pro-fessional dealing with intersex is expected to (1) foster the well-being of the child and the future adult. This includes their bodily integrity and quality of

Gender diverse and intersex children and young people

care setting processes for supporting gender diverse and intersex children and young people in accordance with the department s policy, Suppor ting gender diverse, intersex and sexually diverse children and young people. This procedure aims to inform the application of the department s policy, supporting gender diverse,

Intersex Genital Mutilations

surgeries, sterilising procedures, and other harmful treatments on intersex children, which have been described by survivors as genital mutilation and torture, which are known to cause severe, lifelong physical and psychological pain and suffering, and which have been repeat-

Advancing adolescent capacity to consent to transgender

to consent to gender assignment treatment. Courts in Colombia, however, have developed juris-prudence that restricts parents ability to make medical decisions on behalf of their infant intersex children, which lays a strong normative foundation for advancing adolescent capacity to consent to transgender-related health care. It is a strategy

Ethical principles and recommendations for the medical

management of intersex/DSD in children and adolescents. We specify three basic ethical principles that have to be respectedand substantiatethem. Thearticle includesa critical discussion of the best interest of the child and of family privacy. The argumentation draws upon recommendations by the working group Bioethics and Intersex within the

Intersex Children In Foster Care: Can Government Elect Sex

theories that have led to the current clinical treatment of intersex children in the United States.19 In particular, it will explore Dr. John Money s development of the fundamental theory20 that any intersex child can successfully be assigned to either gender as long as


Keywords: intersex, disorders of sex development, medicalization, variation of sex characteristics, gender, sexuality This thesis analyzes the medical treatment procedures of intersex children and their implications based on the data I collected from interviews with clinicians who are involved

Health Care Issues Affecting People with an Intersex

29/6/2008  treatment related to their intersex and transgender conditions. The number of health care professionals experienced in the treatment of intersexuality and transgenderism is limited, and often medical professionals treatment recommendations are at odds with the desires of their intersex or transgender patients. Therefore, when


non-emergency surgeries on intersex children s genitals or gonads is the best way to give them their own choices. Sometimes, older youth or adults who are seeking medical care for other reasons still face stigma or pressure to change their intersex traits. You have a right to make these personal choices based on what is right for you.

Monitoring Implementation of the Council of Europe

affirming care. Treatment should be reliably available to all transgender individuals, non-binary as well as binary. The diagnostic process and treatment of gender diverse children and adolescents should be assessed to ensure evidence-based practices with the best interest of the child in mind.