Effects Of Slow Steaming Strategies On A Ship Fleet

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According to leading global analysis on the relationship between slow steaming of OGVs and environmental impacts, SOx and NOx, the precursors to PM, reduce linearly with reductions in ship speed or CO 2 intensity. (CE Delft, 2012) NOx Benefits: NOx emissions generally follow fuel consumption, as NOX emissions and

MABR Arethenewfuel-efficientbulkers athreattotheold fleet?

slow steaming for container vessels and very large crude carrier (VLCC) tankers, going as low as10 per centengineload, afterinstalling theproper kits.AstheIMOresearch onGHG (Buhaug etal.,2009) coincideswith thecrisis,many papersonslow steamingfocus more on


Liner shipping enterprises use slow steaming in their fleets, but this effect has not been studied in bulk carriers because they are navigating slower than container ships. This paper proposes a simulation model of a bulk carriers fleet in three conditions: the actual condition of navigation, the slow steaming and ultra-slow steaming.


on the slow steaming development in the shipping industry and unveils why it is seen as an answer of the current shipping criticalities. Section 3 describes the impact of the slow steaming on the service patterns between Asia and Europe and also shows the evolving competitive games among both carriers and ports in these regions.

UnSustainable Shipping & Port Development Facts & Options

Slow Steaming - Impact of Speed Reduction on Vessel Fuel Consumption (8500 TEU Container Ship) % Speed Reduction Speed (knots) Main engine fuel consumption/day (tons) % Reduction in Fuel Consumption 0 25.0 230 10% 22.5 168 27% 20% 20.0 118 49% 30% 17.5 79 66% 40% 15.0 50 78% 50% 12.5 29 87%


The design of a tailor-made ship for ocean transport between the islands seems to be rather the second step after gaining experience with low carbon ship technology on the base of retrofitting existing ships and evaluating the outcome. For retrofitting a ship from MISC a long-term plan including all technical details has to be worked out.

Journal of Management and accounting studies(2021)

in ship schedules, could lead to difficulties associated with timely production and distribution. Tai and Lin (Tai & Lin, 2013) assessed the impact of daily service frequency and slow steaming on emissions produced from liner shipping. It was found that daily frequency could reduce emissions, even when the strategy of slow steaming was not adopted.


3. Growth of Indian Fleet 43 4. Composition of Indian Fleet 45 5. LNG Imports by India and World 49 6. World Shipbuilding Statistics 60 7. World Completions by Types of Vessels, 2008 61 8. Orderbook of Select Countries and the World 62 9. Indian Shipping: Orders Booked till 2011-12 63 10. Ship-Breaking Statistics for Select Countries, 2008 64 11.

Understanding Transportation Issues, Their Effects on Site

Effects on Site Selection, and Their Impact on EDC Marketing Strategies Introductions 2 Tim Feemster Grubb & Ellis Vann Cunningham BNSF Ship $ Air $$$$$


and emissions: when the ship s speed is reduced, fuel consumption and emissions are also reduced drastically. Lower speed can have important side benefits: cost reduction is one and the other is supporting a depressed market, in which shipping overcapacity is the norm these days. Slow steaming ships are sailing stocks.

Achievements, strategies and further needs in (global

new cars by 2010, 100% use in fleet by 2020) 3 5 8 8 7 Binding CO2 standards for EU new car fleet: target 2012 130 gCO2/km, target 2030 100 g CO 2 /km bis. 1 7 11 14 16 Source: Fraunhofer ISI estimates ÖKO, FZJ, DIW, ISI (2008): Politikszenarien für den Klimaschutz IV: Szenarien bis 2030. UBA Climate Change 01/2008.

Performance Monitoring is of increasing importance for ship

Nov 07, 2020 part of the ship operation costs, which operators and charterers are trying to re-duce as much as possible. There are sever-al means to cut fuel costs. The most com-mon are Slow Steaming, incl. investment to adapt main engine and propeller to new operation, Trim Optimization, in particu - lar for ships with significant bulbous bow,

Some Observations on Port Congestion, Vessel Size and Vessel

The majority of a container ship s operating cost is the cost of fuel. When the focus is on efficiency and cost reduction, the largest cost target is fuel. Some savings have been derived from slow steaming which consumes less fuel; however, larger ships are more energy

K LINE Vision 100

・Reduction of fuel cost by enlargement of slow steaming measures Expand the energy-efficient fleet and reduce the number of vessels through reorganization of routes to raise cost competitiveness Reduce space capacity to improve filling ratio, and increase high-yield cargoes.


Schifffahrtsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG. NSB was founded in 1982 and currently manages 115 ship units, including six gas tankers deployed around the world. Harpain Shipping was founded in 1988 as a shipping company and ship's agent and specialises in ferries and cruise ships as well as the LPG and chemical gas sector. The companies have

A year of change

small tanker fleet to its partner Erik Thun and started to implement its slow steaming and fuel savings policy, which will also include the laying up a couple of VLCCs. The total deadweight tonnage shown above for Maersk Tankers includes all the units in the various pools, commercially operated by Maersk, except the Nova Tankers pool, which is

The evolution of shipping emissions and the costs of

39 Emission abatement strategies that specify reduced fuel sulfur content will result in lower emissions 40 of both fine particulate matter and SO 2 from ships. This in turn tends to decrease adverse health 41 effects in human populations, especially within the riparian states and in coastal cities. Also,

Q4 2010 Presentation - Torm

Orderbook stands at 19% of the fleet on water Slippage expected to continue 30% in 2011 and 2012 No slippage from 2013 as there is free yard capacity compared to orders this year TORM estimates 10% cancellations Limited cancellations Assumed new ordering of 40 MR (2013 delivery) Total net growth in the fleet declines from 8% in 2010 to

Effectiveness Assessment of Non- Specialized Vessel

would justify the selection of shipping company fleet expansion projects based on the characteristics of the cargo flow structure, considering the possibility of slow steaming ships operation. 4. MATERIALS AND METHODS The analysis of efficiency of long-term capital investments pertaining to the acquisition of ships is quite complicated. It

Limiting engine power to reduce CO2 from existing ships

savings of 10% to 60% EPL strategies in 2018 and 2030 for container ships, bulk carriers, and oil tankers. Collectively, these ships accounted for more than half of the CO 2 emissions from international shipping in 2015. We find that, due to the ongoing prevalence of slow steaming, EPL measures would

MEGA Ships state of the art: are (Italian) ports able to

These strategies have produced positive effects on the maritime leg of the logistic chains, reducing its costs; Yet, the costs of the maritime leg have a little impact on the costs of the whole logistic chain. 3% Other Price Components 10% 2003 10% Ocean Freight 1970 2005 Source: Hapag Lloyd

Maritime Technology and Engineering 3 - Routledge

TOPSIS method implementation on slow steaming alternatives evaluation 125 I. Dagkinis & N. Nikitakos Ship speed power performance under relative wind profiles 133 L.P. Perera & B. Mo Machine intelligence for energy efficient ships: A big data solution 143 L.P. Perera & B. Mo

Your options for emissions compliance - SAFETY4SEA

technology remains slow. With shorter periods inside Emission Control Areas (ECAs), lower fuel consumption (especially due to slow steaming) and typically lower asset residual values, the business case in scrubber technology is not deemed strong enough yet. The bunker price collapse during 2014 has been another factor.

Role Of Shipping Lines Frieght Forwarders Custom House

May 24, 2021 Ship Design 31 Influence 0/ cost, construction and sa/ety /actors. Ship design criteria. Economics 0/ ship propulsion. International Maritime Transport This book is focused on the impact of ocean transport logistics on global supply chains. It is the first book solely dedicated to the topic, linking the interaction of

The Implications of - global shippers forum

with one mega-ship) and promoting commercial practices such as slow steaming , whereby spare capacity and fuel costs are reduced by running ships at slow speeds2. To put this in context, Bloomberg reported in 2012 that Maersk Line s whole fleet currently sails at about 16-18 knots, which is similar to the peak average of speeds

KM C284e-20150107164007

part of the ship operation costs, which operators and charterers are trying to re- duce as much as possible. There are sever- al means to cut fuel costs. The most com- mon are Slow Steaming, incl. investment to adapt main engine and propeller to new operation, Trim Optimization, in particu- lar for ships with significant bulbous bow,

Regional Connectivity in South Asia Prospects and Challenges

container port traffic and fleet. China International Marine Containers (CIMC) and Singamas is the two largest container manufacturers, which make China dominate in this field also. India is placed at eighteenth position in the world (with a share of 1.45%), and seventh position amongst Asian countries. Global Trends Effects of the Global Slowdown


importance of slow-steaming as an effective tool that can be implemented immediately, noting that this technique has enabled the industry to expand its fleet by 2.2 times in the past 15 years without increasing carbon emissions. Marisa Dupuis, Vice President, Shipping & Offshore, Transportation


compilation and implementation of BFMP and BFRB is up to fleet management and crew. To increase the number of ships and fleets with ship-specific BFMPs, harmonisation and mutual recognition of the existing templates e.g. IMO, California, Australia, New Zealand will increase the acceptance of these regulations by ship owners.

FY2019 Earnings Release - HMM

Apr 03, 2020 Revenue increased by KRW 291bn YoY with the strategic fleet management and focus more on high-profit cargoes ☞Revenue in container sector up 3.4% YoY / Bulk sector up 29.5% YoY 2. Operating Income Operating loss improved by KRW 259.0bn YoY with the effective fleet management, creating additional revenue, securing lucrative cargoes, and

Balancing the Imbalances in Container Shipping

Slow steaming. A measure spawned from the financial crisis, slow steaming has a significant impact on slot costs; it is also a fairly simple way to adjust network capacity in the short term. The technology of new vessels supports slow steaming better than that of older vessels. Smaller crews.

Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics, Vol. 11, Nos. 2/3, 2019

(Song et al., 2015; Pang and Liu, 2014). In De et al. (2017) ship routing problem, the cargo is transported from origin ports to destination ports within a certain promising time. The ship should cover the distance between the ports in a defined range of speed, which effects on the fuel consumption of the ship engine and CO2 emission to global

A taxonomy of carbon emission reduction measures in

Slow steaming, the sailing at lower than the design speed on the legs of the voyage that the schedule allows, is a common operational practice. Weather routing, trim/draft optimization and condition management of the ship s hull and propeller are other practices of this type. The IMO s Energy

Global Ocean Transportation Project

To combat the effects of laying-up vessels, liner operators implemented a policy of slow steaming, which increases fleet utilization and reduces operating costs. A ship that reduces speed by 20% uses 40% less fuel (Fig. 2.1), and the operator adds extra 1-2 vessels per route, or string.

Capital Link Shipping Weekly Markets Report

shortage of capacity (through slow steaming and layups)- thereby bring the market closer to balance. Of course, this was prior to the announcement that the Federal Maritime Commission (the FMC , which I was surprised to learn still exists) would now be examining the practice of slow steaming, and whether it is causing negative

Reduction of Ship Based CO2 Emissions from Container

ship [6]. Kim et al. investigated amount of fuel and optimum ship speed for a fixed ship route [7]. Notteboom and Cariou researched the effects of slow sailing on BAF charge paid by shipper as well as fuel consumption at the ship [8]. Khor et al. implemented a software program to optimize the

Targeted Advanced Research for Global Efficiency of

small cargo vessel. Although this is a random selection for one ship type, the situation is representative for all ship types. Proportions will change depending on the type of vessel and operational profile. The common denominator is that ultimately all energy from the bunkers will be transformed in heat some of it

Review of Maritime Transport 2019 - UNCTAD

Gas carriers were the most dynamic segment of the world fleet, experiencing the highest growth rate in the 12 months to 1 January 2019 (7.25 per cent) (figure 2.2). 9.