Salt Appetite Is Enhanced By One Prior Episode Of Sodium Depletion In The Rat

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Episodes of water deprivation enhance daily hypertonic NaCl

by DTB Pereira 2002 Cited by 14 daily in adult male rats. (N = 6) submitted to four water deprivations plus four sodium appetite Salt appetite. Dehydration results from sodium depletion, have been studied in models of produced in the rat by a prior episode of sodium 

The Management of Hyponatremia - SAGE Journals

by N Lameire 2015 Cited by 2 A case of hyponatremia in a previously healthy 76-year-old woman is described with nursing staff to reduce as much as possible her dietary salt Her appetite had decreased over previous blood pressure, and the increased serum creatinine Patients with a previous episode of thiazide-induced hy-.

An evolutionary explanation of the plasticity of salt preferences

by DMT Fessler 2003 Cited by 36 appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat. Behav Neurosci 1987; 101: 724 731. 8. Epstein A. N. Thirst and salt intake: a personal 

Eating addiction - Nudge-it

by J Hebebrand 2014 Cited by 416 behaviors eating can become an addiction in thus predisposed previous category as Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders overeating in the absence of hunger that would lead to neurobio- a single episode of overeating. wanting but not liking of a salt reward in the sodium-deplete rat.

Aldosterone Acting Through the Central Nervous System

by B Xue 2012 Cited by 63 a salt appetite, enhances the actions of Ang II so that a sub- sequent triggers a robust sodium appetite. by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

Physiology and Pathophysiology of Potassium Homeostasis

by BF Palmer 2019 Cited by 52 to-date review of the regulatory aspects of normal K+ physiology as a intake leads to increased catecholamine tubule where aldosterone sensitivity begins; ENaC, epithelial sodium activity is a compensatory response to decreased salt Studies suggest that female rats exhibit a lower plasma. K. +.

Water deprivation and the double- depletion - SciELO

by LA De Luca Jr 2007 Cited by 30 mechanisms underlie thirst and salt appetite. 1Departamento de Fisiologia e Patologia, Faculdade ever, sodium appetite is also elicited by water deprivation. enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

Taste, Salience, and Increased NaCl Ingestion after Repeated

by DM Dietz 2006 Cited by 19 Salt appetite has been suggested to be an innate the enhanced NaCl appetite after furosemide treatments, as rats that have altered after a single furosemide-​induced sodium depletion. Moreover, in behavioral tests, rats increased licking across a range of esis, and despite previous reports that prior episodes of so-.

Neural Control and Modulation of Thirst, Sodium Appetite, and

by V Augustine 2020 Cited by 12 riphery prior to nutrient absorption (pre-absorption signals) sodium depletion increases a combination of hormonal secre- First, unlike thirst and sodium appetite circuits, AgRP neuron formed even after a single eating episode (​Livneh et al., 2017; Increased salt appetite in adrenalectomized rats.

Salt Appetite Is Enhanced by One Prior Episode of Sodium

by RR Sakai 1987 Cited by 162 A single sodium depletion enhances the salt appetite that is expressed after a second and subsequent sodium depletions. The enhanced salt intake, 

Central regulation of sodium appetite - The Physiological

by JC Geerling 2008 Cited by 270 Sodium appetite (also known as salt appetite) is a prior episodes of sodium deficiency (Sakai et al. 1989), behaviour of a representative rat that began drinking saline in large Increased sodium appetite has also been reported in.

The effects of preoperative ingestive events on feeding and

by J Schulkin 1988 Cited by 8 rats is averted by preoperatively housing the animals in a social environment Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion. BeluJvioral 

BACKGROUND REPORT - VETERANS ' AFFAIRS - CLIK

Can salt over-consumption be viewed as a substance dependence? the form of table salt on food, over six weeks, increased their preference for higher concentrations of salt on The salt appetite increase in sodium-depleted rats returns to normal when sodium levels are prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

The brain mineralocorticoid receptor - Journal of Endocrinology

6 Jul 2020 the brain mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in three episodes. First, the 'Salt' refers to the regulation of salt appetite, and reciprocal technological breakthroughs for the sake of better MR characterised rat brain Type 1 receptors in properties previous finding that spironolactone i.c.v. decreased the​.

Prenatal and early postnatal dietary sodium restriction

by SM McBride 2006 Cited by 11 salt appetite; psychomotor stimulant; behavioral activity. REPEATED sodium-​depleted rats and amphetamine-treated adult rats, we tested the 

Salt appetite: its neuroendocrine basis

by E Stellar Cited by 17 reduced depletion-induced salt appetite in half; blocking both eliminated it. need-free salt intake also increased when the rats were sodium replete, producing an Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat 

Physiological state gates acquisition and expression - PNAS

by JJ Cone 2016 Cited by 54 Sodium depletion induces a powerful sodium hunger and of Deplete rats closely resembled subjects with no prior CS training (E) Intraoral NaCl significantly increased dopamine concentration in Deplete Given that the higher salt concentrations used in prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

The physiological effects of ingesting high sodium drinks

by JWS Truelove 2011 Sodium appetite (also known as salt appetite) is a motivated behavioural state that arises specifically as a Providing individuals with a drink that tastes good may enhance rehydration by one prior episode of salt depletion in the rat.

Salt need needs investigation - Cambridge University Press

by M Leshem 2020 Cited by 1 65. Sakai RR, Fine WB & Epstein AN (1987) Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat. Behav Neurosci 101 

Optogenetic Inhibition of Ventral Pallidum - Smith Lab

by SE Chang 2017 Cited by 25 Following sodium depletion, and in the absence of either sucrose or salt, we found that inhibiting the Salt appetite, in which rats will immediately seek out a once-undesirable concentrated salt preference measure, rooted in prior work (​Stouffer and White, increased across days, while salt consumption remained low.

c-fos-Like Immunoreactivity in the Subfornical Organ and

by TA HOUPT 1998 Cited by 21 of the solitary tract following salt intake by sodium-depleted rats. PHYSIOL appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat. Behav.

THIRST AND SODIUM APPETITE IN MICE: ANGIOTENSIN

by BE GOLDSTEIN 2003 Further, salt appetite was induced by chonic, peripheral Ang II administration in Sprague- enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

Biobehavior of the human love of salt Neuroscience and

by M Leshem 2009 Cited by 136 If not a 'sodium appetite' do humans have a 'salt appetite'? face of its toxicity on the one hand, and the dangers of its deficiency on the other. Finally, like rats​, sodium deficit around the time of our birth episode of sodium deficit can enhance the appetite enduringly. (Falk, 1966 Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior.

A role for D2 but not D1 dopamine receptors in the cross

by JJ Clark 2006 Cited by 24 rewards such as food, sex and salt in the sodium-depleted rat. (Kelley and Berridge, 2002). sensitized salt appetite similar to that produced by prior sodium depletions. Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in 

Management of Drug Overdose and Poisoning - MOH

4 Enhancing the Elimination of Toxic Substances from the Body Community measures for handling one or more episodes of poisoning. 5. e) Does the victim have any previous history of other medical problems? Dry as a bone (​decreased salivation) 500 ml of 5% dextrose + 8.4% sodium bicarbonate solution.

Gastric Emptying and Intestinal Absorption of Ingested Water

by MR Bykowski 2007 existence of thirst and salt appetite is an adaptive behavioral to the injection site, resulting in depletion of plasma volume. Rats M NaCl during the initial drinking episode in a two-bottle, 16-h delayed access test. induced hypovolemia would debilitate sodium-deprived rats and might even kill them.

Associative Learning Contributes to the Increased Water

by M Postolache 2017 Cited by 3 Daily injections of angiotensin II (AngII) cause a progressive increase of water intake that Studies using weanling rats show that rats need prior increased sodium intake occurring after several bouts of sodium appetite Induction of a salt appetite alters Prior episodes of sodium depletion increase the.

Sensitization of Salt Appetite Is Associated With Increased

by JJ Clark 2006 Cited by 53 Not Liking of a Salt Reward in the Sodium-Deplete Rat. Jeremy J. to note that salt appetite shows behavioral sensitization as evi- denced by In other words, rats with a prior enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

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rat's voracious appetite for salt kept it alive (1936) and showed the same in humans consequences of sodium depletion create a brain state that raises salt appetite. In of salt appetite, begun by us in 1955 (5), on the basis of prior work by Richter, The second is that salt depletion produces enhanced need-free salt​.

food addiction - Edinburgh Research Explorer - The University

by J Hebebrand 2014 Cited by 415 available evidence for a substance-based food addiction is poor, partly previous category as Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders overeating in the absence of hunger that would lead to neurobio- a single episode of overeating. increased wanting but not liking of a salt reward in the sodium-​deplete rat.

Fluid and Electrolyte Losses Associated with Working and

by NA Holmes 2012 To date no previous study has investigated the incidence of chronic also placing them at an increased risk of developing numerous forms of heat illness sodium appetite, promoting sodium intake after a period of salt deficiency (​Geerling episodes of prolonged work or exercise in the heat for several days, cumulative.

A longitudinal comparison of two salt reduction strategies and

by NK Bobowski 2013 Cited by 2 depleted adults, subjects expressed an increased desire for high salt foods, but only during the depletion demonstrating the link between salt appetite and nutritional needs. is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

Enhanced angiotensin II induced sodium appetite in

by CF Roncari 2018 Cited by 9 Although 2K1C rats display an increased daily sodium intake and Since water deprivation induces thirst and salt appetite [44], it is difficult to discriminate one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat, Behav. Neurosci.

The role of the lateral hypothalamus and orexin in ingestive

by SW Hurley Cited by 45 The motivated states of hunger, thirst, and salt appetite are strongly enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat. Behav.

High salt intake. Sensory and behavioral factors. - AHA Journals

by GK Beauchamp 1991 Cited by 65 Because recent evidence indicates that an acceptable salt substitute is SP: Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

Repletion of acute sodium deficit in rats drinking either low or high

ever, one feature of salt appetite is not only the increased acceptance of high concentrations of NaCl by sodium-depleted rats are com- pared; in the second Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

Drosophila - RUN

by SJ Walker 2017 increased yeast appetite and decreased salt appetite induced by deprivation from protein. Reproductive was increased the first time rats had access to sodium chloride, within a few seconds (Richter in AMS1 (Figure 2.21), in contrast with a previous report (Hussain et al.,. 2016b). reproductive episodes. In Drosophila 

1 A Critical Literature Review on Hypertension, the Taste of

The rat model is used as a biological model to better understand how taste of salt entails the passage of a sodium ion through a channel in the apical Previous research has suggested that differences in race and age may affect salt- the relationship between blood pressure and salt appetite lack uniformity in their.

Short-term cross-sensitizion of need-free sugar intake by

by BM Santos 2016 Cited by 2 term cross-sensitization of sucrose intake in sucrose-naïve rats. The results suggest 1. Introduction. Sodium appetite guides a sodium-depleted animal to ingest For example, prior experience of sodium depletion enhances the ambulatory the role for a previous experience with the taste or ingestion of salt in need-free 

Improve in Neurogenesis with Socialization can Reduce

and salt appetite different group of animals were used for avoidance of interference appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

Étude de l'implication des enképhalines et des - Corpus UL

by A Gobeil Simard 2012 repeated sodium depletions induce a behavioural salt sensitization in that neural circuit by modulating In addition, salt sensitized rats had a decreased of mu-OR expression in the. VP 24h Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of.

Redalyc.Ingestive behavior in rat pups is modified by maternal

by C Perillán 2012 Cited by 4 An increased salt appetite in the rat offspring sodium depletion in rats during pregnancy on the development of thirst mechanisms in the offspring. Pregnant rats underwent 3 episodes of saline depletion, induced by injecting sc 10 mg of Furosemide the litter size to 8 pups (4 females and 4 males), four hours prior.

When a Bad Taste Turns Good Ventral Pallidum Firing Codes

by AJ Tindell 2006 Cited by 281 When rats were in a salt appetite state induced by sodium depletion, however, aversive reactions to NaCl fell to. 2401. VENTRAL PALLIDAL NEURONS CODE​ 

Salt craving syndrome lead to hypertensive - MedCrave

24 Dec 2019 by an appetite for substances that are mainly non-nutritive, like ice. (pagophagia); hair However, acute diuretic-induced urine loss was not enhanced by multiple sodium one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

The Neural Basis of Sodium Appetite - Caltech THESIS

by S Lee 2020 His insight was critical and improved our manuscript. sodium depleted signals by aldosterone-sensitive neurons. Salt is detected through apical NaCl transport Brattleboro rats had hereditary diabetes insipidus, which is caused by a single R. R., Frankmann, S. P., Fine, W. B. & Epstein, A. N. Prior episodes of sodium.

OFFERING SODIUM BENTONITE AND SODIUM

by LE Wester 2002 Cited by 9 episodes below 5.5 predispose cattle to acidosis, even though little increase for cows fed 1.0% sodium bicarbonate compared with cows fed salt or adapted a nocturnal feeding habit of eating during the night that was contrary to previous caloric intake increased, but in wild rats, intake decreased to remain at a 

Chapter 7: Neuroendocrinology of Body Fluid Homeostasis

by D Daniels 2009 Cited by 18 dration is also a stimulus for salt appetite (Fitzsimons,. 1979; Stricker, 1971 lateral area of the preoptic zone in both rats and hypovolemia or sodium depletion is minor. However, appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium.

The sensitization of sodium appetite - Iowa Research Online

by SW Hurley 2015 diarrhea, or hemorrhage) they enter a state of sodium deficiency that causes Salt appetite is enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.

The Biological Nature of Appetite - JSTOR

by E Stellar 1992 Cited by 3 2) Salt appetite represents a simpler neuroendocrine model that has promise of tite is Enhanced by One Prior Episode of Sodium Depletion in the Rat. Be-.

differential effects of sodium depletion, DOCA, and dehydration

by MJ McKinley 2013 Cited by 11 salt appetite; anorexic response; unsalted food; sodium depletion; dehydration enhanced by one prior episode of sodium depletion in the rat.