Fir‐Spruce‐Birch Forest In Northern Minnesota
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by - University of Minnesota
white pine were considered as climax species in northern Minnesota. Lee (1924) emphasized the importance of fir-spruce in the park area and expected that Acer-Pinus strobus and Abies-Picea forests will develop -concurrently. Kell (1938) stated that fir-spruce-birch on coarse-
602 MURRAY F. BUELL AND WILLIAM A. NIERING Ecology, Vol. 38
October, 1957 FIR-SPRUCE-BIRCH FOREST IN NORTHERN MINNESOTA 603 three in the vicinity of Ely (Fig. 1). The former are designated as the Iron Springs and Lake Alice stands. The Iron Springs stand (Se. Sec. 28 T. 144 N. R. 38 XVr. in Clearwater County) was located on the upper part of a gentle north-facing slope, the lower part of the slope being
Wood Thrush Minnesota Conservation Summary
Dec 31, 2014 In Minnesota it is more common in moderately aged (15-40 year old) deciduous forests, but also has been observed in mixed habitats such as fir-spruce-birch forest type. The species is classified as a hardwood and mature forest dependent species. From New York Department of Conservation Species Account:
The Effect of the Moisture-Retaining Capacity of Soils on
in northern Minnesota in a transition area between the subarctic fir-spruce-birch region, which is well developed northeast of here, and an area of pure summer-green forest to the west. In this broad transition region, the park is closest the western edge. The summer-green forest to the west is a narrow
SPATIAL PATTERNS AND SUCCESSION IN A MINNESOTA SOUTHERN
MINNESOTA SOUTHERN-BOREAL FOREST1 LEE E. FRELICH AND PETER B. REICH Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108 USA Abstract. Succession was studied in a cold-temperate forest in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW) of northeastern Minnesota.
Resolution of Respect
the spruce fir forests of Minnesota and the deserts of Arizona to the ecol- 1957. Fir spruce birch forest in northern Minnesota. Ecology 38: 602 610.
Pine Reproduction in Itasca State Park: Analysis in Moisture
College of Forestry at Minnesota. * * HENRY HANSEN received the Ph.D. in I 946 at the University of Minnesota, where he is now professor of Silviculture and Forest Ecology and head of the division of biology of the College of Forestry. He previously taught at Clemson and Michigan State universities.