Effect Of Pulse Duration On Bubble Formation And Laser‐induced Pressure Waves During Holmium Laser Ablation

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The activation of the irrigation solutions

moment of this violent collapse, pressure waves are generated, in the beginning supersonic speeding waves (shock waves) and secondly pressure waves at the speed of sound (acous-tic waves)[5]; (Fig.3).These shock waves are also called Blast Blast is a military term designating an explosion causing a sup-pression wave.

Effect of pulse duration on bubble formation and laser

Background and Objective: One concern during laser ablation of tissue is the mechanical injury that may be induced in tissue in the vicinity of the ablation site. This injury is primarily due to rapid bubble expansion and collapse or due to laser-induced pressure waves. In this study, the effect of laser pulse duration on the thermodynamics of

Laser-induced dissections: Pathogenesis and implications for

strated previously during excimer laser tissue ablation 0-11) occurred during mid-infrared laser ablation as well. Studies (12) demonstrating identical cavitation effects related to visible light from a pulsed dye laser have suggested that shock waves may be induced by optical breakdown of water or by plasma formation at the focus of the laser