Death By HDAC Inhibition In Synovial Sarcoma Cells
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Histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 leads to apoptosis
HDACi, ITF2357, potently inhibited in vitro survival in a p53-independent manner. ITF2357-mediated cell death implied the activation of mitochondrial apoptosis, as attested by induction of pro-apoptotic BH3-only proteins and a caspases-dependent mechanism. ITF2357 also induced autophagy, which protected sarcoma cells from apoptotic cell death.
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Death by HDAC Inhibition in Synovial Sarcoma Cells. Aimée N. Laporte, Neal M. Poulin, Alireza Lorzadeh, Xiu Qing Wang, Jared J. Barrott, Ryan Vander Werff, Michelle Moksa, Christopher Hughes, Gregg Morin, Kevin B. Jones, Martin Hirst, T. Michael Underhill, Torsten O.
Identification and Validation of Therapeutic Targets in
restored and we observed an induced cell death upon treatment with tenovin-6 in synovial sarcoma cells. Although this was not directly due to the presence of SS18-SSX1, the expression of SirT2 was inhibited, indicating that agents like tenovin-6 and HDAC inhibitors could be successful in the treatment of synovial sarcoma.
Targeted polytherapy in small cell sarcoma and its
HDAC is an enzyme responsible for removing acetyl groups from histones, thereby inhibiting DNA transcription. HDAC modiﬁcations have been identiﬁed in many tumors. (Taby and Issa, 2010) HDAC inhibitors inducedifferentiation, cellcy-cle arrest, apoptosis, and inhibition of tumor cell growth in preclinical assays.
ACTIVITY AND MECHANISM OF ACTION OF HISTONE
molecular HDAC inhibitors induces rapid death of synovial sarcoma cells proving that targeting the driving complex of synovial sarcoma may give an opportunity to develop effective therapies for synovial sarcoma patients. Furthermore, PLA based drug screening is shown to be a reliable and valuable technique to identify lead compounds
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HER2-Targeted CAR T Cells in Sarcomas 1 x 10^8 cells/ m2 All patients developed lymphopenia and neutropenia 8/11 developed grade 1-II CRS T cells expanded in 9/11 patients TCR sequencing showed clonal expansion in 1 CR patient 58 Age 4 54 Histology 5 Osteosarcoma 3 Rhabdomyosarcoma 1 Ewing s 1 Synovial Sarcoma Best Response 2 CR 3 SD 5 PD
Hr23b expression is a potential predictive biomarker for
Histone deacetylases (HDAC) are key players in epigenetic regulation of gene expression and HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) treatment seems to be a promising anticancer therapy in many human tumours, including soft tissue sar-comas. HR23b has been shown to be a potential biomarker for sensitivity to HDACi therapy in cutaneous T-cell
Signi cant growth suppression of synovial sarcomas by the
HDAC-specific inhibitor FK228 (depsipeptide or FR901228) which was isolated from a culture broth of Chromobacterium violaceum [10, 11] and has been reported to be effective for treating malignant T-cell lymphoma s , we examined the effect of HDAC inhibitor on synovial sarcoma cells with the chromosomal translocation t(X;18)(p11 2;q11 2).
HDAC and Proteasome Inhibitors Synergize to Activate Pro
HDAC and proteasome inhibition synergizes to activate pro-apoptotic factors and bring about cell death and suppresses tumor growth in a murine model of synovial sarcoma, presenting a strong candidate strategy for clinical benefit in synovial sarcoma. Materials and Methods Cell culture and chemicals
Non-intercepted dose errors in prescribing anti-neoplastic
28/1/2015 death and enhance the apoptosis-inducing activity of TRAIL in Ewing s sarcoma cells.J CancerRes Clin Oncol2007; 133:847 858. 35. Lagarde P, Przybyl J, Brulard C et al. Chromosome instability accounts for reverse metastatic outcomes of pediatric and adult synovial sarcomas. J Clin Oncol 2013; 31:608 615. 36.
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observed upon siRNA transfection were consistent with a strong inhibition of cell migration and invasion capability. The expression of pro-angiogenic factors was also reduced both in rhabdoid tumour and synovial sarcoma cell lines. In contrast, we observed
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the synovial lining becomes hyperplasic, the sublining undergoes striking alterations in cellular number and content (T cells, B cells, macrophages and plasma cells). 1 A locally invasive synovial tissue (pannus) is then formed, growing into the synovium region and leading to the progressive destruction of cartilage and bone (Figure 1). 3,4
Epigenetic modulation of immunotherapy and implications in
of histone H3 (H3K27me3). The inhibition of EZH2 activity may slow tumor growth by upregulating tumor suppressor gene expression. The clinical efficacy of an orally adminis-tered EZH2 inhibitor, tazemetostat, is under investigation in multiple clinical trials including non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), INI1/SMARCB1-negative tumors, synovial sarcoma,
SANTA CRUZ BIOTECHNOLOGY, INC. Bim (H-5): sc-374358
3. Laporte, A.N., et al. 2017. HDAC and proteasome inhibitors synergize to activate pro-apoptotic factors in synovial sarcoma. PLoS ONE 12: e0169407. 4. Bai, X., et al. 2018. MiRNA-20a-5p promotes the growth of triple-negative breast cancer cells through targeting RUNX3. Biomed. Pharmacother. 103: 1482-1489. 5. Lam, S.K., et al. 2019.
from synovial cells due to its histopathological appearance and its mostly joint-associated localization . Although theincidenceofthistumorentity peaksattheageof30years, 30% of the patients are children or adolescents. On a molec-ular level, SS is characterized by the SS18-SSX1, SSX2, or - SSX4 fusion gene (hereafter collectively referred to as SS18-
Synergism of Heat Shock Protein 90 and Histone Deacetylase
individually eﬀective against synovial sarcoma cells, and synergy could potentially be of great beneﬁt to patients, in this study, we seek to test combinations of 17-AAG with the HDAC inhibitor MS-275 for eﬃcacy against synovial sarcoma. A possible mechanism for synergy between HDAC and Hsp90 inhibitors involves eﬀects on the survival pathway NF-
SANTA CRUZ BIOTECHNOLOGY, INC. FKHR siRNA (h): sc-35382
tosis via FoxO1 signaling in U87 human glioma cells. Mol. Med. Rep. 13: 3763-3770. 5. Laporte, A.N., et al. 2017. Death by HDAC inhibition in synovial sarcoma cells. Mol. Cancer Ther. 16: 2656-2667. 6. Qin, Y., et al. 2018. Knockdown of miR-135b sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to oxaliplatin-induced apoptosis through increase of FOXO1. Cell.
(Beth England s Sarcoma Research Fund)
6/9/2017 effects of HDAC inhibition, RNA-Seq transcriptome analysis was undertaken in six human synovial sarcoma cell lines. HDAC inhibition induced pathways of c. ell cycle arrest, neuronal differentiation and response to oxygen-containing species, effects. also observed in other cancers treated with this class of drugs. More s. pecific to synovial sarcoma, polycomb-
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beta in tumor cells. Moreover, Haelan 951 is a potent inhibitor of the multidrug resistance proteins MDR and MRP. If in tumor cells high levels of MRP or MDR had been measured, Haelan 951 may be used to disable these functions. Curcumin Curcumin can inhibit several functions which may be overproduced in tumor cells, like MDR, Cox2 or NF-kB (p65).
Death by HDAC Inhibition in Synovial Sarcoma Cells
therapies against synovial sarcoma. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition has been shown to elicit apoptosis in synovial sarcoma models, as well as to disrupt SS18-SSX mediated repressive complexes (4, 7). This inhibition was observed to elicit reactivation of repressed gene targets, including CDKN2A (4, 7, 8). As a result, a phase II study of a