Why Is Context Important In The Field Of Policy Evaluation

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Why do Policy-makers Adopt Global Education Policies? Toward

Focusing on policy adoption implies paying closer attention to, and producing more empirical research on, the processes, reasons and circumstances that explain how and why policy-makers (or other education stakeholders) select, embrace, and/or borrow global education policies, and aim to implement them in their educational realities.

Evidence-based Decision Making to Improve Public Health Practice

policy or programs. They both develop and use evidence to answer research questions. As these audiences generate and receive evidence in a variety of forms, several important questions arise: What is the size of the public health problem? Are there effective interventions for addressing the problem?

Contextual Factors: The Importance of Considering and

options. Qualitative assessment typically involves collection of field notes informed by observation and interview, starting with the identified domains, and adding further domains as additional issues and examples of important contextual factors are identified by the research team and participating stakeholders.

How Do We Approach Impact and TOPIC 3 Evaluation in the

to use evaluation findings. can play an important role in designing the evaluation and, particularly important in the context of scale, in facilitating learning across organizational boundaries. 4. American Evaluation Association, An Evaluation Roadmap for a More Effective Government (Fairhaven, Mass.: AEA, September 2010). About This Paper

Policy Surveillance and Public Health - phlr.org

targeted by the law or policy 2. Policy salience (i.e., the extent to which the legal intervention is underactive consideration by policy makers) 3. State of evidence the base (i.e., whether the intervention is innovative and requires evaluation, or is proven effective but still not widely adopted) 4. Whether the law is an identified national

LUJL - Center for Evaluation Innovation

Advocacy evaluation as a field has lacked good, rigorous examples of how to examine the cause-and-effect relationship between advocacy and policy change. A non-experimental impact evaluation method that holds promise is contribution analysis. Using specific examples from our evaluation practice in a U.S. policy context over the past two years,

Chapter 10: Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

Evaluation: Depending on its specific purpose, a high-quality evaluation provides information that enables you to improve an ongoing project, judge the overall merits of a project, or generate knowledge about what works and what doesn t to influence an organization s strategy and policy.

Supplier Evaluation - The first steps for effective sourcing.

Supplier Evaluation - The first steps for effective sourcing. 1.0 Introduction: The evaluation and selection of suppliers, structuring the supplier base is an important task in any organization. It assumes utmost importance in the current scenario of global purchasing. Every Organization especially manufacturing organizations need to

A note on the impact evaluation of public policies: the

policy evaluation exercise gives essential and irreplaceable evidence for future policies in the same area. As such, it is an important ex-ante policy impact assessment tool, provided that past interventions and contextual situations are similar to the ones under consideration. As a result, in


Basic principles of monitoring and evaluation 1 1. MONITORING AND EVALUATION: DEFINITIONS Youth employment programmes, like any other type of public policy intervention, are designed to change the current situation of the target group and achieve specific results, like increasing employment or reducing unemployment.

An Overview of Program Evaluation - SAGE Publications Inc

Providing those answers is the work of persons in the program evaluation field. valuators use social research methods to study, appraise, and help improve social programs, including the soundness of the programs diagnoses of the social problems

Criminal Justice Evaluation Framework

encourages the evaluation project team to use good judgment in matching the scope and methods of evaluation with the objectives of the criminal justice program and the requirements of specific evaluations. Structure of the document This introduction sets the scene, and looks at why evaluation is an important aspect of criminal justice

Measuring success: Evaluating educational programs

principal. Since the evaluation is determined according to the superior s preference, and for the greater part focuses on the subordinate s achievements and results, it can be regarded as arbitrary. Recently an awareness has grown for the need to systematize the field of evaluation through recognizing how, when, and what to evaluate,


Climate Change and the World Bank Group Phase I: An Evaluation of World Bank Win-Win energy Policy Reforms Debt Relief for the Poorest: An Evaluation Update of the HIPC Initiative A Decade of Action in Transport: An Evaluation of World Bank Assistance to the Transport Sector, 1995 2005

Quantitative and qualitative methods in impact evaluation and

Quantitative and qualitative methods in impact evaluation and measuring results 2 The remainder of the paper is structured as follows. Section 2 briefly sets the scene by summarising the policy context. Section 3 clarifies the terminology surrounding qualitative and quantitative approaches, including participatory research.

Evaluation of the WFP People Strategy

its inclusion in the Office of Evaluation workplan (2019 2021) was therefore timely. 2. The three main evaluation questions for this evaluation were: How good is the strategy? What were the results of the strategy? Why has the strategy produced the results observed? 3. The evaluation covers the period 2014 2019.

Evaluation Ethics, Politics, Standards, and Guiding Principles

Politics can undermine the integrity of an evaluation. Evaluations are an important source of information for those who make decisions about projects, programs, and policy. A positive evaluation can help secure more funds, and build careers for those involved in the intervention. Evaluations that

Overview: Data Collection and Analysis Methods in Impact

a programme or policy (i.e., summative evaluation). Once the purpose of the evaluation is clear, a small number of high level KEQs (not more than 10) need to be agreed, ideally with input from key stakeholders; sometimes KEQs will have already been prescribed by an evaluation system or a previously developed evaluation framework.

Indigenous Approaches to Program Evaluation

Education Evaluation, Inc., 1994). Who are the stakeholders in a program evaluation? Stakeholders are any people who are affected by the evaluation such as program clients, staff, managers, program funders, family members, community members, policy makers, and even program competitors. Why should we involve stakeholders in a program evaluation?

Evaluation policy - WHO

The current policy addresses only the assessments qualifying as Evaluation and excludes other forms of assessments conducted in WHO, such as monitoring, performance assessment, surveys, and audit. POLICY STATEMENT 3. Evaluation is an essential function at WHO, carried out at all levels of the Organization.

Learning and Evaluation in the Collective Impact Context

Learning and Evaluation in the Collective Impact Context This section describes the importance of continuous learning and presents an evaluation framework to guide the design of different performance measurement, evaluation, and learning activities. The purpose of the framework is to help readers conceptualize an effective approach to performance


Mar 01, 2019 important part of an impact evaluation, but it is important to also investigate unexpected results. In this guidance note, impacts are defined as: the positive and negative, intended and unintended, direct and indirect, primary and secondary effects produced by an intervention. (OECD Development Assistance Committee definition)1

Policy Formulation and Implementation 1 PORTAL Written

The basic structures and the important ingredients of Policy Formulation and Implementation processes in transport planning are shown in figure 4. Figure 4: Structure / contents of Policy Formulation and Implementation (BOKU-ITS) 1.2 Objectives and skills The main objective of this key topic is to show the important position of policy

Gender-Based Violence Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation

field. Researchers at GWI first conducted a literature review of peer-reviewed articles and grey literature on GBV in refugee and conflict-affected populations. The team consulted with research and GBV specialists to identify the most important considerations for conducting ethical and methodologically-sound data collection among these populations.

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Evaluation is an independent, systematic investigation into how, why, and to what extent objectives or goals are achieved. It can help the Foundation answer key ques-tions about grants, clusters of grants, components, initiatives, or strategy. What Is Monitoring? Grant or portfolio monitoring is a process of tracking milestones and progress against


policy. Large scale studies into pupil performance can help to identify trends and enable educational outcomes to be related to social and economic needs. Policy makers want to see the big picture. On the other hand, practitioners want to know why some techniques work and others don t.

Guidelines for Evaluating Nonprofit Communications Efforts

12. Evaluation can respond to hard-to-answer questions about the value and effectiveness of communication campaigns (e.g., whether information alone can lead to behavior change or whether attention to the social and policy context is also a necessary ingredient; and whether media advocacy can contribute). Acknowledging the Challenges of Evaluation

Why does policy fail? understanding the problems of policy

education policy making and implementation in Pakistan to explore the reasons for policy failures. The article proposes that in addition to the assessment of conventional reasons for policy failures, policy makers must also consider the constraints posed by human cognition and behavioural change.

Overview of Current Advocacy Evaluation Practice

form of evaluation.2 The reality moving forward is that many advocates will need to become their own evaluators. As the advocacy evaluation field grows, it will be important to make sure that resource-efficient ideas and supports exist for smaller advocacy organizations that must do their own monitoring and evaluation. External

Evaluation policy and guidelines for evaluations

Policy and Operations Evaluation Department (IOB) of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It places the evaluation policy in the context of the Order on Periodic Evaluation and Policy Information 1(known as RPE 2006), the government-wide framework for the evaluation of government policy in general. It also reflects recent decisions regarding

Brief 1: Overview of Policy Evaluation

It is important to understand how policy evaluation fits into the larger policy process. Understanding this context provides an increased understanding of why policy evaluation is critical to advancing the field of policy. Although there are many theories regarding the policy process and mechanisms of policy change, the policy

Theory in evaluation: Reducing confusion and encouraging debate

argumentation line goes from policy to the (underlying) theory. Evaluators, just like policy makers, also have their (own) underlying theories as guides to their practice: evaluation theories are also known as evaluation models and evaluation approaches. These theories answer the question of how to do evaluations in an adequate and efficient way.

Brief 5: Evaluating Policy Impact

evaluation because it produces the strongest evidence that a project, program, or policy contributed to changes in behavior or other outcomes. 3,4,5 However, when you are evaluating the impact of a policy on a

Handbook on Monitoring and Evaluating for Results

as a whole. The monitoring and evaluation framework contained in this H a n d b o o k is therefore guided by three equally important objectives: to align the monitoring and evaluation system with results-based management; to promote evaluative knowledge and learning around results; and to simplify policies and procedures.


This book will introduce a broad range of evaluation approaches and practices, reflect-ing the richness of the field. An important, but not exclusive, theme of this textbook is evaluating the effectiveness of programs and policies, that is, constructing ways of provid -

Project Evaluation Guidelines - NYU

The resources devoted to each evaluation should be commensurate with the size and importance of expenditure involved. As a major purpose of project evaluation is to improve value for money, the cost of project evaluation must be balanced against the benefits of improved decision making. The resources allocated to a project

Methodological Briefs Impact Evaluation No. 5

evaluation, an appropriate and context-specific participatory approach can be developed. Managers of UNICEF evaluations must recognize that being clear about the purpose of participatory approaches in an impact evaluation is an essential first step towards managing expectations and guiding implementation.

Understanding and Applying Basic Public Policy Concepts

Generally speaking public policy is what the government chooses to do, or not to do. It is a decision made by government to either act, or not act in order to resolve a problem. Public policy is a course of action that guides a range of related actions in a given field.