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1. Organic Farming – The way forward and Present Scenario India has a glorious history of farming. Indus Valley Civilization is the reflection of the agricultural practices followed by our farmers and its root of which can be well seen in many of our cultural practices followed today. It was organic farming that sustained Indian farmers from the ages. It can be well said that the concept of organic farming is very much native to our land and our farmers by default are organic. Organic farming was just not a method of farming in India – but it used to be a way of life and a tradition which has shaped the thought, the outlook, the culture and economic life of its people for centuries. However, many of our old and traditional agricultural practices started disappearing in the post-independent era. The Green Revolution aimed to ‘grow more food’ to meet the food requirements of our growing population was the biggest national challenge. The nation could achieve through the tireless efforts of our committed agricultural scientists. It was possible by introducing new high yielding and hybrid varieties of crops and use of high analysis NPK fertilizers and plant protection chemicals, adoption of advanced agricultural practices, increased cropping intensity, effective agricultural extension and enhancement in area under cultivation and irrigation. Neglecting ecological and ecosystem principles, resulted in significant and seemingly irrevocable environment damage in the country. Many traditional crop varieties were replaced with high yielding varieties during the period. The crops and varieties which were not adapted to the soil and other environmental conditions attracted new pests and diseases and resulted in outbreaks of existing pests. To combat them, huge quantities of pesticides were used. Inclusion of these inputs of exotic elements in the traditional farming 1
led to multiple environmental issues. The microorganisms declined, living soils became less productive and lost its health and fertility. Water demand increased and the time tested traditional varieties disappeared. The eternal relationship between a farmer and farm land was lost. Bio-diversity in the agricultural fields slowly started vanishing. As a result of all these modern techniques, the air, water and the soil were polluted and most food grains, farm products were contaminated by pesticides. To overcome all these ill effects of conventional agriculture, it was felt in the country that nature friendly organic agriculture as an only alternative. In Karnataka state, organic farming movement was initiated by the innovative farmers of the state and the movement gained momentum during 1980s. The advent of chemical intensive farming and its prevalence in Karnataka during the later part of green revolution resulted in the near stagnant levels of productivity of many crops. The farmers were into debt trap because of incurring high cost on farming as these crops demanded more external inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides and water. Cost of cultivation increased drastically and thereby the net income declined. These factors led to increasing instances of suicides by farmers. Many farmers of Karnataka felt that they are fighting a losing battle with the ‘high yield variety-fertilizer-pesticide package’ of Green Revolution and realized that Organic Farming as the only alternative system at this juncture. They were convinced that the only way is to return to the traditional sustainable ways of cultivation without harming the ecosystem. Thus the organic farming system with the broad principle of ‘live and let live’ is recognized as the best sustainable system of farming under the prevailing conditions. ‘We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers, but have borrowed it from our future generations, it is our duty to protect it by living in complete harmony with nature and environment' -American Red Indian community leader- Seattle. 2
Organic farming – present scenario Global Scenario According to the latest FiBL- IFOAM survey on certified organic agriculture worldwide, (as at the end of 2015) data on organic agriculture was available from 179 countries and the organic agricultural land including conversion areas was 50.9 million hectares. Currently, one per cent of the agricultural land of the total 179 surveyed countries are organic. Of the global organic farmland, Oceania has 22.8 million hectares (45 per cent), Europe 12.7 million hectares (25 per cent) and Latin America 6.8 million hectares (15 per cent). The countries with the most organic agricultural land are: Australia (22.7 million hectares), Argentina (3.1 million hectares) and the United States (2.0 million hectares). Apart from agricultural land, the area also includes the area under wild collection. Other areas also include aquaculture, forests and grazing areas on non agricultural land and it constitute more than 35 million hectares. The total area under agriculture and non agriculture area was 78 million hectares. In all there were almost 2.4 million producers in 2015 as per the survey. The countries with most producers were in India (5.8 lakh) followed by Ethiopia (2.03 lakh) and Mexico (2.0 lakh). The market research company on Organic Monitor estimates 81.6 billion US dollars in 2015 (approximately 75 billion Euro) of global market for organic food. The United States is the leading market (with 35.9 billion Euros), followed by Germany (8.6 billion Euros), France (5.5 billion Euros) and China (4.7 billion Euros). Most of the major markets during the survey showed double- digit growth rates and the highest per capita spending was in Switzerland (262 Euros). Denmark had the highest organic market share of 8.4 percent of the total food market. Indian Scenario India has the highest number of organic producers in the world (5.8 lakh). In India, the area under organic certification as on 3
March 2016 is 57.09 lakh hectares. The country exported 2.64 lakh tons of various commodities worth about Rs. 1900 crore, which account for 0.3 per cent of global organic trade. Present scenario in Karnataka Karnataka state has a rich potential for organic farming. Farmers of Karnataka are progressive, innovative with great inclination towards adoption of environment friendly and sustainable organic agriculture. Considering this, Karnataka Government brought out Organic Farming Policy during 2004 for promotion of organic farming in the state. With successful implementation of organic farming policy initiatives and great concern of the farming community, the state could achieve substantial progress in organic agriculture. With implementation of the policy initiatives, the state witnessed a steady growth in the Organic Sector with the increase in certified area under Organic cultivation. These initiatives were also able to create awareness in the farming community regarding the benefits of organic farming so also about the consumption of healthy chemical residue free organic foods in consumers. At present, Karnataka Stands 5th in the country in terms of total cultivated area (ha) under organic certification (including in conversion) at 93, 963 ha as on March 2016 which was hardly 2500 ha during 2004-05. The state stood 3rd in total certified production (2. 83 lakh tons). This is indicative of immense opportunities available to the state in view of its inherent advantage of climate and diversified production. Important crops grown under organic are: cereals and millets (non basmati paddy, maize, bajra and ragi), Fruits (mango, pineapple, banana), spices & condiments (arecanut, black pepper, chilli, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, turmeric, nutmeg, parsley, bay leans), sugar crops (sugar cane), plantation (coffee, coconut), pulses (blackgram, greengram, bengalgram, horsegram, pigeonpea ), Oilseeds (sesame, ground nut and soybean), medicinal and aromatic 4
plants (amla, aswagandha, brahmi, tulsi, citronella, chia, gymnema lemon grass, maringa, palmarosa). The challenges in organic agriculture sector today in Karnataka are many. At one end, organic farmers are not getting remunerative prices for their organic products, and at the other end the consumers are not getting required quality and quantity of organic products in spite of dramatic growth in market size and continuous increase in demand for organic food products. There has been a constant demand from organic farmers associations throughout the State and also from other organic farmers to provide systematic market linkages for their organic produce. At present, farmers of the state are also looking towards developing an organized organic market as they are finding it difficult to market their organic produce. In this direction, attempts were made in the state to organize several organic producers- marketers meet. The state also brought out a organic farming directory during 2017 of all the stake holders of organic farming, where in details of certified organic farmers, resource persons, organic input dealers, organic produce marketers/ processors, NGOs engaged in organic farming, availability of organic produce/ products with farmers/ groups/ association etc., are provided. The directory has also been uploaded in the website of the Department of Agriculture.
Organic Agriculture at a glance Organic area (ha) (2015-16)
In- conversion (ha) (2015-16)
Wild products area (ha) (2015-16)
Total area (ha) (2015-16)
Total production (MT) (2015-16)
Number of NGOs’ engaged in organic farming in the
state Number of organic farming research centres/ institutes Number of model organic farmers/ private farmers Number of organic terrace gardeners Number of Regional federations of organic farming Organic
Number of Resource persons in organic farming Number of processors
Number of Private organic outlets/ retailers/ stores
335 14 124 513
Number of Mega stores with organic shelves
Number of organic restaurants
Number of organic seed dealers
Number of green manure seed dealers
Number of organic manures producers/ distributors
Number of vermicompost producers
Number of biofertiliser producers/ distributors
Number of suppliers of biopesticides
2. District wise certified and in- conversion area and products of Karnataka State (2015-16) District wise Area for Period 2015-16 Sr. No. 1
In Organic Conversi Total Product Name Area on area (Ha) (In Ha) Bagalakote 66.97 2831.22 2898.19 Sugar cane, Turmeric Dried, Turmeric Fresh, Maize (Corn), Banana Fresh, Wheat, Betel leaves, Banana flower, Marigold Fresh Flower, Groundnut/ Peanut, Onion, Jowar, Bengal Gram Whole, Maize Grain, Raw Cotton, Jowar (Non-seed quality), Pearl Millet/ Bajra, Pomegranate (fresh), Cowpea, Red gram whole, Green Gram Whole (Moong Sabut), Chilli whole, Sunflower, Lemon Fresh, Onion, Grapes (Fresh), Ginger Fresh, Green gram/chana/ Moong (Vigna sp.), Sapota fresh (chico), Pearl Millet/ Bajra fodder, Sorghum, Pumpkins (Fresh), Bajra (other than seed), Wheat, Marigold (Tagetes erecta), Soybean/ Soybean Black, Groundnut meal District Name
Dakshin Mysur Grand akannad u total a Area Area Area (Ha) (Ha) (Ha)
Vegetables 14 Others Total Area Total Yield (MT) Leafy Vegetables 1 Amaranthus 2 Palak 3 Others Total Area Total Yield 0 0
0 0 35
5.47 5.47 4.9
Chikka Shivamogg magalur a u Area Area (Ha) (Ha)
0 0 5.47 5.47 39.9
Dakshin Mysur Grand akannad u total a Area Area Area (Ha) (Ha) (Ha)
Total Area Total Yield (MT)
5 Others Total Area Total Yield (MT)
4 Ginger 0.8
2 Black pepper
Total Area Total Yield (MT)
15 330.05 2052 8
24.7 771.66 3384.9 13 1282
No. of ICS No. of Farmers 449
Total Area Total Yield (MT) Grand Total Area Grand Total Yield
2 Others 2.5
Sl No Crops
Chikka Shivamogg Hassan magalur a u Area Area Area (Ha) (Ha) (Ha)
158033. 5 158033. 413898 5
Dakshin Grand a total kannada Area Area Area (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) Mysur u
1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 5 6
Cereals Paddy Maize Ragi Jowar Wheat Others Total Area ( in Ha) Total Yield (MT) Pulses Greengram Bengalgram Redgram Blackgram
741.3 118.78 69.45 19.15
2.4 12.28 465.33
607.24 243.8 380.85
97.55 54.48 3.61
313.3 280.88 4.82 54.79
1.3 3.4 20.62 0
356.22 478.52 106.74 162.29
505.17 215.6 1905.6 40.07
469.21 20.51 89.78
279.34 66.85 903.67 78.06
5.8 27.17 178.68
98.11 79.3 8.9
1032 28.9 442.3 12.25
142.15 453.16 18.2 22.85
731.91 382.38 2627.6 57.99
1780.2 1686.5 1475.7 1611.5 343.61 968.19
(issued as on January 01.01.2016 to 31.01.2017) Name of the certification body: APOF Organic Certification Agency Raich Koppa Bellar Kalabu Mand Vijayap Ramana Haver Grand ur la y ragi ya ura gara i Total Area Area Area Area Area Area Area Area Area (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) (Ha)
District wise and Crop wise area under organic Certification (as per scope certificate )
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
5 6 7
Oil Seeds Groundnut Safflower Sunflower Soybean Niger Sesamum Castor Mustard Others Total Area ( in Ha)
Horsegram Cowpea Others Total Area ( in Ha) Total Yield (MT)
Bagal akote Area (Ha)
Koppa la Area (Ha)
Bellar y Area (Ha)
Kalabu ragi Area (Ha)
Mand ya Area (Ha)
Vijayap ura Area (Ha)
Ramana gara Area (Ha)
117.91 13.2 8.2 31.79
Haver i Area (Ha)
608.36 13.2 165.66 93.79 15.4 269.31 18.49 0 0
Grand Total Area (Ha)
104.25 194.86 148.67
4 5 6
Total Yield (MT) Commerci al crops Sugarcane Potato Betel leaves Cotton Mulberry Others Total Area ( in Ha) Total Yield (MT) 41.1 24.12 65.22 121
291.76 46.59 0
Nutmeg Cocoa Palmnut Clove Arecanut Rubber latex Vanilla Others Total Area ( in Ha) Total Yield (MT)
Sri Maruthi Bhoomi Susthira 100 Savayava Bhagya Abirudhi Samsthae, Krushi Samithi #483 Maruthi Nilaya,1st Floor, Kamalapura/ Sri 100 2nd Main road, Biragondana MuthayalammaSa halli vayava Bhagya Soundarya Layout Sidedahalli, Krushi Samithi Nagasandra (p) Bengaluru-560073 [email protected] om
Nelamangala Taluk Kasaba Modalakotae Sompura
200 1300 DISTRICT: RAMANAGARA Ramanagara Taluk 101 Kasaba Thimmegow Sri danadoddi/ Anjaneyaswamya Bhoomi Susthira Borugamara Savayava Bhagya Abirudhi Samsthae, dadoddi Krushi Samithi #483 Maruthi Bidadi M. Sri Jai Maruthi, Nilaya,1st Floor 2nd 100 Main road, Karaenahalli Savayava Bhagya Krushi Samithi Soundarya Layout Sidedahalli, Kotagal Gollaradoddi Sri Gramadevathi 101 Nagasandra (p) Savayava Bhagya Krushi Samithi Bengaluru-560073 [email protected] om Chanapatana Taluk Virupakshipu Sogala ra Malluru
Hasiru Savayava 100 Alaya Gramina Krushikara Kuta, Abirudi (A. R. D. Sogala foundation) #011th Alaya Savayava Main road, 1st Cross 100
215 1435 80
Krushikara Kuta, Nagarabhavi 3rd Maganuru stage Bengaluru-72 Mob:9945171343 Kasaba Narayanapur Sri a Anjanayaswamya Bhagya Raithya Sangha Kanakapura Taluk Sathanuru Kemallae Sri Basaveshavara Savayava Bhagya Raitha Sangha Kodhihalli Doddahereng Sri Beereshavara Alaya Gramina ere Savayava Bhagya Abirudi (A. R. D. Raitha Sangha foundation) #011th Uyamballi Yeelagahalli Sri Main road, 1st Cross Mallaemahadeshv Nagarabavi 3rd ara Savayava stage Bengaluru-72 Bhagya Raitha Mob:9945171343 Sangha Harohalli Athiguppae Sri Veeranjaneya Savayava Bhagya Raitha Sangha Magadi Taluk Kasaba Halashettihal Sri Veeranjaneya li Savayava Krushikara Sangha Institute For Madabala S. Basaveshavara Cultural Research Byadarahalli Savayava And Action (ICRA) Krushikara Sangha #22 Michel playa Tippasandra Narayanapur Sri Jai Maruthi New Thippasandra a Savayava (p) Bengaluru Krushikara Sangha Mob:9880782621 Soluru Udukuntae Sri Lakshmidevi Savayava Krushikara Sangha DISTRICT: KOLAR Kolar Taluk Kasaba Beglihossaha Sri Maruthi lli Savayava Krushi Dr B.R.Ambedkar Abirudi Sangha, Educational Beglihossahalli Society, Kilukote, Anthargange Road, Sugaturu Kakinatha Sri Kolar Sapalammadevi Savayava Krushi [email protected] m Abirudhi Sangha, Mob:990503003 Kakinatha
Thippasandr Sri Cauvery a Savayava Krushi Abirudhi Sangha, Thippasandra Muduvathi Sri Bhulakshmi Savayava Krushi Abirudhi Sangha, Muduvathi
Narasapura Chowdadena halli
Sri Gangamma devi Savayava Krushi Abirudhi Sangha, Chowdadenahalli Sri Basaveshvara Savayava Krushi Abirudhi Sangha Andrahalli
Bangarapete Taluk Kammasamu Doddaponno dra dalli
Sri Gangamaba Savayava Krushikara Sangha, Doddaponnodalli Bethamangal Venghasandr Sri a a Lakshminarasimha swamy Savayava Krushikara Sangha Venghasandra Kyasamballi Bellarahalli Sri Venkataravanaswa my Savayava Krushikara Maluru Taluk Kasaba Manishettiha Prakruthi lli Savayava Krushikara Sangha, Manishettihalli Masthi Chikkakallah Masthi Venkatesh alli Ayengar Savayava Krushikara Kuta, Chikkakallahalli Lakkuru Paduvanahall Gokula Savayava i Krushikara Kuta, Paduvanahalli
Sri Mariyamma Savayava Krushikara Sangha, Gumalapura Avani Hemmenatha Gangambikadevi Savayava Krushikara Mahatmagandhi Sangha, Rural Development Hemmenatha Achide Welfare Dugasandra Bandarahalli Sri Centre, Tumkuru Chowdeshweredev 9886657382 i Savayava [email protected] Krushikara .co.in Sangha, Bandarahalli Thyaluru Mothakapalli Sri Kodandaramaswa my Savayava Krushikara Sangha, Mothakapalli Srinivasapura Taluk Kasaba Kodicherav Sri Venugopalaswam y Savayava Krushi Abirudhi Sangha, Kodicheravu Ronuru Devalapalli Sri Annapoorneshwar Dr B.R.Ambedkar a Savayava Krushi Educational Abirudhi Sangha, Society, Kilukote, Devalapalli Anthargange Road, Kolar Nelavanki Nambuvarap Sri alli & Sathyamaobadevi, [email protected] Subragundal Savayava Krushi m apalli Abirudhi Sangha, Mob:990503003 Nambuvarapalli & Subragundalapalli Rayalpadu Karepalli Sri Gangabhavani, Savayava Krushi Abirudhi Sangha, Karepalli
DISTRICT: CHICKKABALLAPURA Chickkaballapura Taluk Nandi Bommenahal Sir.M.Visveswara li ya Savayava Krusikara Sangha Mahatmagandhi CBL-S 5/2014-15 Rural Development date:15/04/2014 Achide Welfare Mandikallu Siddaganahal Srirama Savayava Centre, Tumkuru 9886657382 li & Krushikara [email protected] Nagasanahall Sangha, .co.in i Siddaganahalli CBL-S 7/2014-15 date:15/04/2014 Chintamani Taluk Sri Kamadhenu Kasaba K.Hosur & Earth Foundation Savayava Bhagya (R) 193 5th Ward Kodihalli Krushi Sangha. Bangarapete, K.Hosur, CBL-S Harapanahalli7/2014-15 583131 Davanagere date:15/04/2014 (D), Munganahalli Sitaramapura Sri Anjaneyaswamy Earthfoundation200 Savayava Bhagya [email protected] Krushi Sangha, [email protected] CBL-S 9/2014-15 il.com date:15/04/2014 Mob:9686527812 Chilakalaner Marabahalli Sri Kalparuksha Savayavabhagya pu Krushi Sangha, Marabahalli, CBLS 8/2014-15 date:15/04/2014 Muragamalla Nimmakayal Sri Chowdeshvara Savayava Bhagya ahalli Krushi Sangha, Nimmakayalahalli, CBL-S 6/2014-15 date:15/04/2014 Kaiwara T.Hosuru Sri Madakarinayaka SavayavaBhagya Krushi Sangha. T. Hosuru. CBL-S 4/2014-15 date:15/04/2014
Bagepalli Taluk Kasaba Adiganapalli
Sri Balaji Savayava Krushikara Sangha
Vishwa swayam Seva Sangha(R) Jolashettihalli(p)
Narayanaswa Sri mykotte kodandaramaswa mye Savayava Krushikara Sangaha Cheluru Muddalapalli Sri Bhagatsingh Savayava Krushikara Sangha Patapalya Devaralapalli Sri Antharaganage Savayava Krushikara Sangaha Kasaba Yjakkurahall Sri i Anjaneyaswamya Savayava Krushikara Sangha Gowribidanuru Taluk Nagaragere Chimakalhall Sri Maheshvari i and Savayava Krishnarajap Krushikara Sangha ura
Sahara Savayava Sahara) Social Krushikara Action For Health Balagha, Awareness And Hulemalale Rural Advancement, Talya Kondavapura Sahara Savayava 1579/2 Old RTO Krushikara Office CC Block Balagha Davanegere Kondavapura Ramagiri B.Vaderahall Sahara Savayava [email protected] il.com i Krushikara Balagha B.Vaderahalli Hosadurga Taluk Vishwa Krushi Kasaba Marabaghatt Sri a Ranghanathaswam Graminiabhirudhi Samasthe, S.R.V. ye Savayava Ravi Building Krushikara Kerodi Hospital Balagha , Opposite Marabaghatta vinayakanagara, Muthudu Dalavahekatt Sri e Maralusiddesahwa Bagalakote-587101 [email protected] ra Savayava m Krushikara 8151573696 Balagha, Dalavahekatte
Sri Mahanateshavara Savayava Krushikara Sangha DISTRICT: RAICHURU Sri Thimappa Spread Trust, Savayava Sudeep Chits Back Krushikara Sangha Ganja Circle Raichur-584102, Sri Raichuru Mahanandeshavar [email protected] a Savayava om Savayava Krushikara Sangha Sri Veeranjaneya Savayava Krushikara Sangha Sri Basavehwara Sri Sanjeevene Savayava Krushikara Sangha
Sri Anjaneya 100 Social Warriors Savayava Organisation For Krushikara Sangha Rural Development (R), Kodedhala SCODE- K, Sri Maruthshavara 100 Bhanashankari , Savayava Nilaya, Bus Stand Krushikara Sangha Sasavihalli, (R) Harapanahalli Sri 100 Davanagere, Maliyammadevi 9972977105, Savyava [email protected] Krushikara Sangha com (R)
Sri Swaminathan Savayava Krushikara Sangha Sri Anjaneya Savayava Krushikara Sangha Sri Mallikarjuna Savayava Krushikara Sangha
`Samatha Loka Shikshana Samithi, ambhigara Chowdayya, SirasagiMandii, Afazalpura Road, Kalaburgi, [email protected] ail.com DISTRICT: CHAMARAJANAGARA Chamarajanagara Taluk Kasaba Doddarayape Mahatmaghandi(Tr te ust), #138/1, Ragavendra Harave Hallrpura
Chandakavad Kariyanakatt i e Santhemaraha Kempanapur lli a Gundlapete Taluk Terakanambi Paramapura Hongalla Kanegala Beguru Yaradavanah alli
Building, Near 250 Shanthala Talkies, Chamarajanagara, 250 Mohala, Mysuru-24
Kollegala Taluk Kasaba Arepalya Palya
Bommanaga dde Lokkanahalli Keredoddi
Baif Rural Development Samsthe, Khamadhenu, PostBox no:3, Sharadanagara, Tipaturu
100 100 130
60 180 40
Sahaja Samrudha #7, 7th Main road, 2nd Cross, Sulthanpalya, Bengaluru
102. 3 102. 4 102. 4 91
35 35 35 32
5. Non- government organizations (NGOs) involved in the promotion of Organic Farming in the state Sl.No Name and Address 1. 2.
Phone, Mobile No. E-mail ID Bagalakote District B.V.V. Rural Development 08354 233680, 8792111442 Pratistana Vidyagiri [email protected] Bagalakote Dist. Pin- 587102 Bijapur Integrated Rural 08351/260260/260558 Development Society (BIRDS) 9448117058 Near Atmasakshi Nagalinga [email protected] Nagar, N.H-13, Hungunda, rediffmail.com Bagalkote Dist. Sri Ravikumar Naik Apsara Building, Hallikeri Road, Annakere, Navalgund Tq. Pin – 582208 Future Green Samasthe 9480077891 M-91, Sector 61 Futuregreens.orggmail.com Navanagara, Bagalakote Pin - 587103 Prakruthi Organic Farmers 08353 228528 / 9741780294 Association Hipparagi, [email protected] Kamakhandi Tq. Bagalkote Dist. Pin -587311 Vishwa Krushi 08350-222644 / 742588675 Grameenabhivrudhi Samsthe [email protected] Bagalakote Pin- 587201 Bengaluru Rural District Rural Development [email protected] Organization 9845585403 Doddaballapura, Bengaluru Rural Bengaluru Urban District AME Foundation 6596780/ 6582835 P.O. Box 7836, # 1583, 17th Fax: 6583471 Main II Phase J.P. Nagar, [email protected] Bengaluru Urban Dist. – 560 www.amefound.org 078 Arkavathi Rural 080-23407283/ 9844072410 121
Development Training Society (ARDTS) # 1710, I Floor, I Main Road Prashanth Nagar, Bengaluru560079 9945171434 9. A.R.D Foundation, Nagarabhavi, Bengaluru Dist. [email protected] 10.Bhoomi Sustainable Development Society # 483, Maruthi Nilaya 2 nd Main Road, Siddedahalli Nagasandra Post Soundarya Nagar Bengaluru Dist. - 560094 11.Centre for Rural Development & Applied Research # 20, Swagath Extension, Vidyaranyapura Post Bengaluru Dist. -560097 12.Concern For Urban and Rural Development Society ® #27, 17th Cross, Kanakananagara, R.T. Nagara (p) Bengaluru 560032 or uduve bidhi chikkanayakanahalli Pin- 572714 13.Courtesy India # 2, 2nd Cross, Behind, Electric Power Station Arehalli, Subramanyapura Bengaluru Dist. - 560061 14.Green Foundation # 120, 1st Floor, 7th cross Bilekahalli, Dollars Colony Bengaluru -560076 15.Institute for Cultural Research & Action (ICRA) Samskruti # 22, Michael Palya,
Kamadhenu , P.B.No.3 Sharadanagara, Tiptur Tumkur Pin - 572 202 87.Chethana Public Welfare Trust 9880848429 / 9880848429 Sharadha Krupa, 40 feet Main [email protected] Road Maruthi Nagar Tumkur Pin- 572102 08135-277372/ 9900250020 88.Mother Trust Jyoti Nagara, Sira Tq. [email protected] Tumkur Pin -572137 9743901077 , 89.Organisation for Resource Development & 7353987298 Variation(ORDER) [email protected] III Cross, Ashoka Nagar Tumkur Dist. Pin-572102 9901831280/ 9901277650 90.Social Warriors Organisation for Rural Development [email protected] (SWORD-K) Panduranga Nilaya, Sira Madhugiri Road, Badavanahalli Madhugiri Tq. Tumkur Dist. Pin -572112 91.Sampanmula Abirudhi Parisara [email protected] and Punachethana Samasthe 0816-2281669/ Mob:9972609602 (orde), Sri Cheluva Krupa, Vidyanagara 2nd Main Road, Tumukuru Pin -572102 92.Multi Purpose Organisation For [email protected] Training Health Education & 08135-276523/ Mob:9900250016 Rehabilation , Jyothinagara, Sira Tumkur Dist. Pin- 572137 Uttara Kannada District 08388-253045/ 9481051635 93.Hindulida Guddagadu Janara Vikasa Samste Kuntagani, [email protected] Acahave Post, Ankola Tq. Uttara Kannada Pin – 581314 08384-233163/ 9242185319 94.Kadamba Foundation Basavaraja Nilaya 9483778282 Chowki Mat Sirsi, Uttara [email protected] 132
Kannada Pin - 581401 9448818062/ 9448818062 95.Sadana Centre Yellapura, Uttara Kannada [email protected] Pin - 581359 08384-236398/ 9480085532 96.Sahyadhri Community Development &Women [email protected] rediffmail.com Empowerment Society (SCODWES) Seva Nilaya Building Maratikoppa Main Road, Sirsi Pin - 581401 08387-230332/ 9449430428 97.Snehakunja, Kasarakod Honnavara, Uttara Kannada 9481460809 Pin - 581334 [email protected] Vijayapura District 9964631899/ 9964632409 98.Karnataka Integrated Development Society (KIDS) 9964632409 Baladenni, Muddebihal Tq. Vijayapura Dist. Pin - 586212 08352-278027/ 9448381560 99.Vishala, Rural Women & Children Development 9880957745/ 9880957745 Organisation [email protected] Plot No-374, Venkatesh Nagar Behind Mahalaxmi Temple, B. Bagewadi Road Vijayapura Pin -586101 Yadagiri District 9880247148 / 9741953954 100Paramanandham Grameenabhivruddi Samsthe Vidyanagara, Near Sindhanur Hospital Shahapur Tq. Yadagiri Dist. Pin - 585223 10 Bayalu seeme Rural Development Society Plot 68, J.R. Nagara, Khadri Chowka Alanda Road, Yadagiri Dist.
6. Organic Farming Research Centres / Institutes Sl Name of the No Organic Farming . Research Institute
Government Gandhi Krishi 1. Research Institute on Organic Farming Vignana Kendra UAS, Bengaluru-560 Bengaluru 065 Organic Farming 2. Organic Farming Research Station, Research Station, Nagenahalli Nagenahalli Mysuru-570001 3. Institute on Organic University Of Farming, Dharwad Agricultural Sciences,Dharwad, Yethinagudda Dharwad-580001 University of 4. Organic Farming Agricultural and Research Centre, Horticultural Shivamogga Sciences, Navile, Shivamogga-577201 University of 5. Organic Farming Research Institute, Agricultural Sciences, Raichur Raichur 6. Bio-centre Department of Horticulture P.B.No.7648, Hulimavu Bannerghatta Road Bengaluru-560076
Regional Centre of Organic Farming (RCOF) Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Kannamangla Cross, Whitefield Hoskote Road , Kadugodi (Post), Bengaluru 560115 Ph No. 080 -28450505 Email ID: [email protected] National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF), a central sector scheme was started in 10th Five Year Plan in order to facilitate, encourage and promote organic farming in the country. To implement the NPOF in the country a National Centre of Organic Farming (NCOF) at Ghaziabad and its six Regional Centres at Bengaluru, Bhubaneshwar, Panchkula, Imphal, Jabalpur and Nagpur were established on 1st October, 2004 (The seventh centre at Bihar will be established in the year 2017). The Regional centre of Organic Farming, Bengaluru is engaged in promotion of organic farming in Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala, and Lakshadweep & Islands under its jurisdictions. Objectives: • Technical capacity building of all the stakeholders including human resource development, transfer of technology, promotion and production of quality organic and biological inputs • Creation of awareness through publicity, print and electronic media • To act as a nodal quality control laboratory of biofertilizers and organic fertilizers 135
• Revision of standards and testing protocols of organic inputs • Promotion of technology development through support to research and market development • Maintenance of microbial culture of biofertilizers, biocontrol agents, waste decomposer for supplying to production units • Promotion of low cost certification system: Participatory Guarantee System • Promotion and establishment of agro-waste compost, bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides production units through Capital Investment Subsidy Scheme (CISS) under NPOF Present activities: Farmers training and demonstration of organic farming practices in Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana villages Quality testing and analysis of Biofertilizer and organic manures Maintenance and distribution of biofertilizer/ biocontrol/ cellulose degraders microbial cultures Promotion of PGS-INDIA organic certification Training to department officers/ Extension workers/ NGOs/ Specialists Demonstration of New waste Decomposer technology Participation in Seminar/ Conference/ Meetings/ Exhibitions Publication of literatures Effective implementation of Paramparagath Krushi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) scheme Research and innovations
Research Institute on Organic Farming (RIOF), Bengaluru University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru Email: [email protected] Contact No: 080- 23627977 The Research Institute on Organic Farming (RIOF) was established with the financial assistance of Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) during 2007-08 at University of Agricultural Sciences, UAS, Bengaluru with nine sub centres. Sub Centres of Research Institute on Organic Farming i) ARS Arasikere ii) ARS- Balajigapade, iii) ARS- Chinthamani iv) ARS Gunjevu v) ARS- Madenur vi) ZARS Mandya vii) ARS- Naganahalli viii) ARS- Pavagada ix) ARS Tiptur Objectives: Scientific validation of organic farming practices, farmers knowledge and local wisdom Developing package of practices for various organic crops Developing various production technologies of producing FYM, compost, enriched compost etc., for efficient recycling of organic wastes 137
Developing diversified cropping systems based on resource base of the farms Developing and promoting suitable bio-fertilizers and biopesticides for organic farming To identify and promote suitable integrated farming systems for different agro climatic zones To identify /develop alternate land use systems for degraded resource bases To provide value addition and market linkage for organic products To provide quality assessment and sustainable indicators for organic farming To promote capacity building to organic farming stakeholders
The main Research Issues focused in the project are:
Scientific validation of various systems of organic farming Developing Integrated Farming Systems (IFS) to achieve farming sustainability Establishment/development of suitable methods of composting solid and liquid farm waste.
Organic Farming Research Institute (OFRI) Raichur OFRI, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur Phone : 08532-221990 E-mail : satyanarayanc [email protected] rediffmail.com Organic Farming Research Institute, Raichur was established during 2013 at Main Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur with five sub centres located at Agricultural Research Stations, Bidar, Kalburgi, Bimarayanagudi, Gangavathi and Hagari Objectives: Survey, documentation and scientific validation of existing organic farming practices followed by farmers To carry out long term location specific, demand driven, farmers oriented research so as to assess productivity, profitability and soil health and standardize the protocol for organic production of different crops and cropping systems under rain fed and irrigated ecosystems of the region To diversify cropping systems and also develop and promote suitable integrated organic farming system modules for varied agro-climatic zones (Zone-1, 2 and 3) in the region To develop efficient/novel microbial strains, establish the mass production units of bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides and organic manures for large scale multiplication, demonstration and supply To develop cost effective new techniques for rapid composting of farm wastes for resource recycling
To provide interventions, support and solutions to problems which may arise from time to time for effective implementation of the Karnataka State Policy on organic farming To develop human resources to meet the needs of organic sector To promote the farmers groups to facilitate certification, market linkage and awareness
Infrastructure facilities developed and services being offered: 1. Institute office building with multi discipline research laboratories. 2. Bio-farm with Integrated Organic Farming System Module for demonstration and Research block, as per NPOP standards in 20 acres. 3. Mass production and supply of bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides and organic manures. 4. Capacity building for all organic stake holders through various extension services, apart from educating UG and PG agricultural students. Research accomplishments: a). Organic production technologies for Greengram, Rabi Sorghum, Redgram, Sunflower, Chickpea and Paddy. b). New composting techniques for efficient utilization of red gram and cotton stalks.
Institute of Organic Farming (IOF) University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad IOF, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad E- mail: [email protected] Phone: +91-836-2214 305 / +91-836-2444 809 Fax: +91-836-2748 377
University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad is the first state agricultural university in the country to initiate comprehensive organic research programmes for development of organic package of practices in different crops/ cropping systems in diversified cropping situations as early as 2000 through establishment of UAS- Network Project on Organic Farming in its 22 Agricultural Research Stations in Northern Karnataka region. The organic farming institute established at UAS, Dharwad during 2007- 08 under the financial assistance of Rashtriya Krishi Vikasa Yojana (RKVY). Objectives To study productivity, profitability, sustainability, quality and input use efficiency of conventional and organic production systems across different agro-climatic regions of Northern Karnataka To standardize protocol for organic agriculture production To develop beneficial microbial strains, to mass produce, popularize and supply quality organic manures bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides quality analysis and their improvement 141
To survey and document existing knowledge on organic farming practices followed by farmers through the validations of indigenous practices To promote the farmers’ groups to facilitate certification, marketing and consumer awareness to develop human resources to meet the needs of the organic farming sector. To standardize the protocol for organic production practices for different crops and cropping systems
The Institute has a state of the art laboratory facilities and field facilities with multi-disciplinary faculty drawn from Agronomy, Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Soil Microbiology, Agricultural Entomology and Plant Pathology. The IOF has ICAR’s Network project on organic farming, Bio-Resource Farm, mass production units of bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides and other bio-inputs supported under Government of Karnataka through ICAR programmes. These programmes enabled the Institute of Organic Farming to develop organic package of practices in several crops of northern parts of Karnataka state. The Institute also supplies required bio-inputs which play a great role in conversion to organic farming. It has a laboratory for analysing research soil, water, plant and organic manure samples. Laboratory facility is also available for quality analysis of biofertilizers and bio-pesticides and for mass production of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides. To support the research activities in the agricultural university, the Bio-Resource Farm with an area of 16 hectares has been established at the Main Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.
Organic Farming Research Centre, Navile, Shivamogga University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga Phone: 08182- 290436 Model organic farm was started in 2007-08 at ZARS, Navile funded by NCOF, Govt. of India and later, it was converged with Research Institute on Organic Farming funded by RKVY, Govt. of India. The centre is located in Navile campus, Shivamogga district which lies in southern transitional tract with sub centres at ZARS Bramahavara, ARS Ponnampete, ARS Kathlagere, ARS Bhavikere. The activities of the centre are spread over different agro climatic zones of the state which includes dry and irrigated areas of transitional tract, hilly and coastal areas. Objectives:
To document existing organic farming practices, traditional wisdom on organic and other related practices and local biodiversity. Scientific validation of different organic farming practices To promote integrated farming systems suitable for dry lands, irrigated, hilly and coastal regions To upgrade technical capacity building for farmers, line department staff, master trainers, NGO’s and traders etc.
Important activities of the centre a) Scientific validation of different practices of organic farming which are already in vogue with farmers are carried out in farmers field itself. While, technologies developed at research stations are being tested both at University and at farmers fields. The research activities pertaining to the local need and also for technology up-gradation will be conducted at main centre. b) Experiments were conducted at the centre for development of Package of practices of organic Redgram, Fieldbean, Groundnut, Chilli, Tomato and Paddy. c) Demonstration of organic crops: Paddy, Redgram, Fieldbean, Groundnut, Ragi, Chilli, Tomato, Brinjol, Cowpea and Niger d) Research being conducted on organic nutrition, comparision with the Palekars method, method of Zero budget Organic Farming, Liquid Organic Manures, Mulching and development of Package of Practice. e) Conservation of traditional crop varieties: The centre has collected about 217 traditional Rice varieties, 30 Brinjal varieties, 14 Ragi varieties and minor millets from different parts of Karnataka and neighboring states
7. Model Organic Farmers and Private Farms
Name of the farmer / Address of the farmer / Farm Farm Bagalkote District Ashok Patil Agasinkoppa Post Badami Tq.
353.Hanumeshappa A. Kumbalur Post S/o Andanuru Basappa Malebennur Hobli, Harihara Tq. Davanagere Dist. Pin - 577 601
354.Indiramma & Dhananjayappa
Halvarthi, Davanagere Dist. Pin - 577 001
Arundi Post, Honnali Tq. Davangere Dist. Pin- 577223 356.Kotresh H. Arsikere Post, Harapanahalli S/o Jayappa H. Tq. Davanagere Dist. Pin - 583125 357.Malleshappa G. Hunasekatte, Mandalur Post S/o Onkarappa Davangere Tq. & Dist. Pin- 577556 358.Manjunath Reddy Gudadhalli Post, Harihara Varathi H. R Tq. Davanagere Dist. (Crop: Paddy Sonamasuri) 359.Manokumar K. G Kankanhalli, S/o K. G. Chandrappa Doddaethinahalli Post Honnali Tq., Davanagere Dist. (Crops: Onion local, Vegetables)
360.Maralusiddappa E.M Nittur village, Harihara Tq. S/o E. Mahashwarappa Davanagere Dist. 361.Maroda Siddhappa S. Nagarkatti, Kadaji Post Davanagere Dist. (Crop:Paddy) 362.Marula Siddappa Nagarakatte Village Davanagere Dist. Pin- 577002 363.Nagarajappa Holesiragere village Harihara Tq., Davanagere Dist. 364.Paramesh Gowda S. G. Sogilu, Solanga Post Honalli Tq., Davanagere Dist. (Crops:Areca , Maize, Sunflower, Ground nut) 365.Raghava Aikanthika, 2185/392, G- 3rd main 1st Cross S.S.Layout, B-Block Davanagere Dist. Pin -577 004 366.Rajashekhar T. M. Sogilu,Sawalanga Post S/o Bajavarajaya Honnali Tq. Davanagere Dist. (Crops: Coconut, Areca, Banana, Vanila, Pepper) 367.Raju Masavalli Kadaranayakanahalli Post Hariahra Tq. Davanagere Dist. 368.Ranganatha K.S. Jyothi Talkis Road, S/o Siddappa Malebennur Post Harihara Tq., Davanagere Dist. Pin- 577501 369.Shankara M. Punyakoti Devendrappa Shivamogga- Shikaripura Raod Chinnikatte, Honnali Tq. Davanagere Dist. Pin- 577225
370.Shankarlinga A.B. S/o A. Basavarajappa 371.Shanmukha G. S/o Veerbhadrappa
372.Saroja N. Patil S/o Nagendra Patil 373.Sarojamma 374.Shankara D.B. 375.Sharanappa S.
376.Shivmurthy G. S
Kumbalur Post, Hariahra Tq. Davanagere Dist. Pin- 577530 Opp. Sangam Theater Nyamati Post Honalli Tq. Davanagere Dist. ( Crops:Ground nut, Onion, Maize) Nittur Post, Harihara Tq. Davangere Dist. Pin – 577530 Nitturu village, Harihara Tq. Davanagere Dist. Kukkawada Post Davanagere Tq. & Dist. Hirekogalur Post Channagiri Tq., Davanagee Dist. Pandawa Mutti post, Channagiri Tq. Davanagere Dist.
Snehajeva Nilaya # 426/ 30 Acharya Layout Harapanahalli Tq., Davangere Dist. Pin- 583131 378.Sri Basaveshwara # 613/ 1, Sri Venkateshwara Swasahaya Sanga Farm Nilaya K. T. J. Nagar 15th Cross III Main Davanagere Dist. Pin- 577 002. 379.Swamy G.M Guttidurga post, Belochodu S/o Gurushantappa Jagaluru Tq., Davanagere Dist. 380.Vijaykumar R. 613/1, Shri. Venkateshwara, Nilaya K.T.J. Nagar, 15th cross. III main Davanagere Dist. Pin: 577002
9900769719 9980171074 9945095723
R. Vijayakumar, Secretary 08191-282008 09448944506
Dharwad District 381.Ashok Mansur
382.Ashok Shetty H C Malathesha Organic Farm & Nursery
Shirahatti Post, Gadag Tq. Dharwad Dist. Pin- 582 120 407.Ningangowda R. Patil Chilakawada Post Navalgunda Tq., Dharwad Dist. (Crops:Sugarcane, Banana, Onion, Chilli) 408.Panduranga Gandamali Gamanagatti post Hubballi Tq. and Dist. 409.Patil D.B Agrahara Timmasagara Hubballi, Dharwad Dist. 410.Patil J P Prabhunagar post Dharwad Tq. and Dist. 411. Patil K. Y. Uppin Betageri post Dharwad Tq. and Dist. 412. Patil M. V Guddadahulikatti post Kalaghatagi Tq. Dharwad Dist. 413.Patil N V Guddadahuli katti post Kalaghatagi Tq. Dharwad Dist. 414.Patil S.S. 415.Rajesh More 416. Sadhu S V. 417.Sangappa 418.Sanjeev Kulakarni
Alanavar post Dharwad Tq. and Dist. Murakatti cross, Dharwad Tq &Dist. Murakatti post Dharwad Tq. and Dist. Kabbenur Dharwad Tq. and Dist. # 29/2 Mahishi Road Mallamaddi Dharwad Dist. Pin- 580007 Dr. Sanjeeva Kulakarni “Sumana Sangama Farm” Daddi Kamalapura, Dharwad Dist.
548.Srenikaraju Jenni katte, Byadagi Tq. Shivarayappa Yalavatti Haveri Dist. 549.Sudha F. Hittalmani Mannangi, Savanur Tq. Haveri Dist. Kalaburgi District 550.Babu Sankanna Kallur (K) Post, Jewargi Tq.
534.Nijalingappa Basaganni 535.Niranjan S Bannihatti 536.Nrimal A Kyatappanavar 537.Omkaragowda Ninganagowda Patel 538.Parameshappa Muddi 539.Prakash nayaka D Lamani 540.Ramachandrappa H Betageri 541.Ravi M Baligar
9. Resource Persons in Organic Agriculture in the State
Sl. No 1.
(i) Resource Persons in the Government Sector UAS Bengaluru Contact No. and E–Mail Name & Address Address Dr. B. Boraiah [email protected] Associate Professor, AICRP on Millets UAS GKVK, Bengaluru Pin - 560065 Dr. S.C. Chandrashekara 9448832482 Associate Professor (Retd.) Plant Pathology College of Agriculture UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru Pin - 560065 Dr. N. Devakumar 9480037879 Co- ordinator & Nodal Officer 08023627977 Research Institute on Organic [email protected] Farming GKVK,University of [email protected] Agricultural Sciences Bengaluru Pin - 560065 Dr. G. Gangadhar Eshwar Rao 9900093601 Associate Professor of Agronomy [email protected] College of Agriculture, Chintamani Chikkabalapur Pin - 563125 Dr. C. Govindaraju 9449335161 Senior Farm Superintendent [email protected] Organic Farming Research Station (OFRS) Nagenahalli, Mysuru Pin - 570001 Dr. H. M. Jayadeva 9964583868 Associate Professor of Agronomy UAS ,GKVK, Bengaluru Pin - 560065 Dr. N. Janaki Raman 9902030827 Agronomist, Agricultural Research [email protected] Station Chintamani, m Chikkaballapur Pin - 563125 231
Dr. M. Jayarama Reddy Professor of Agronomy (Retd.) UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru Pin - 560065 Dr. R. Jayaramaiah Assistant Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture, Hassan Pin - 573201 Dr. K.N. Kalyanamurthy Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture, UAS, GKVK Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. K.V. Keshavaiah Associate Professor of Agronomy V.C Farm Mandya Pin - 571401 Dr. H. Khader Khan Dean, College of Agriculture UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. A.R.V. Kumar Professor of Entomology, College of Agriculture, UAS, GKVK Bengaluru- 560065 Dr. V. Kumar Gowda Assistant Professor (Biogas) Department of Agricultural Engineering College of Agriculture, UAS, GKVK Bengaluru- 560065 Dr. B.S. Lalitha Assistant Professor of Agronomy, Department of Agronomy, UAS, GKVK Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. D. Madaiah Dean, College of Agriculture, Mudigere Chikkamagaluru Dist. Pin - 577101 Dr. M. Mahadevaiah College of Agriculture, V.C. Farm, Mandya Pin - 571401 232
Dr. Manjunatha Gowda Project Coordinator KVK, Chintamani, Chikkaballapur Dist. Pin -563125 Dr. Mudalagiriyappa Professor, College of Agriculture, UAS,GKVK Bengaluru- 560065 Mr. Mukund Joshi Associate Professor of Agronomy (Retd.) College of Agriculture, GKVK, UAS Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. K.N. Muniswamy Gowda Associate Professor of Entomology College of Agriculture, Hassan Pin -573201 Dr. K. Murali Professor of Agronomy AICRP on Pigeonpea, UAS, GKVK Bengaluru- 560065 Dr. H.T. Nagaraju Dean, Agriculture Diplomo, College of Agriculture, V. C Farm Mandya Tq. and Dist. Pin - 571401 Mr. K. B. Palanna Senior Farm Superintendent Agricultural Research Station, Tiptur Tq. Tumkur Dist. Pin - 577201 Dr. Panduranga Senior Farm Superintendent Zonal Agricultural Research Station, GKVK Bengaluru 560065 Dr. K.V. Prakash Assistant Professor of Entomology Whitegrub Scheme GKVK Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. P. Prakash Associate Professor , V.C Farm 233
Mandya Tq. and Dist. Pin - 571401 Dr. D. Radhakrishna Professor of Agricultural Microbiology (Retd.) College of Agriculture, UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. C. Ramachandra Professor of Agronomy & Water Technology Zonal Agriculture Research Center, Mandya Pin - 571401 Dr. K.N. Ramanna Professor (Retd.) Farmers Training Institute, GKVK Bengaluru -560065 Mr. A. Sathyanarayana Reddy Associate Professor (Retd.) Director of Research UAS, GKVK Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. V.T. Sannaveerappanavar Professor of Entomology(Retd.) College of Agriculture, UAS, GKVK Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. C. Seenappa Assistant Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture, Chintamani Pin - 563125 Dr. Sharanappa , Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture, UAS GKVK, Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. T. Sheshadri Associate Director of Research, UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru - 560065 Dr. B.J. Shekara Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture, V.C Farm, Mandya Pin - 571401 234
Dr. H. B. Shivaleela Professor of Food Science and Nutrition University of Agricultural Sciences Bengaluru -560065 38. Usha Ravindra Bakery Training Unit University of Agricultural Sciences Bengaluru-560065 39. Dr. H.L. Vasanth Kumar Ragi Breeder (Retd.) V.C. Farm Mandya Pin - 571401 40. Dr. M. Vijaya Lakshman Senior Farm Superintendent (Retd.) Madenur, Hassan, Pin - 573201 41. Dr. S.B. Yogananda Senior Farm Superintendent Zonal Agricultural Research Station V.C. farm, Mandya, Pin - 571401 42. Dr. H. Chandrappa Dean, College of Agriculture, AHRS Kathalagere UAS Dharwad 43. Dr. H.B. Babalad Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture , UAS Krishi Nagar, Dharwad Pin - 580005 44. Dr. R. Lokanath H. Malligawad Professor of Agronomy and Head Institute of organic farming University of Agricultural sciences, Dharwad Pin - 580005 45. Dr. Siddaramappa A. Gaddanakeri Professor of Agronomy Institute of organic farming University of Agricultural sciences, Dharwad Pin - 580005 235
Dr. Shekarappa Professor of Agricultural Entomology Institute of organic farming University of Agricultural sciences, Dharwad Pin - 580005 47. Dr. C. R. Patil Professor of Agricultural Microbiology Institute of organic farming University of Agricultural sciences, Dharwad Pin - 580005 48. Mr. C. M Poleshi Associate professor of Soil science and Agricultural Chemistry Institute of organic farming University of Agricultural sciences, Dharwad Pin - 580005 49. Dr. Gurudatt M. Hegde Associate Professor of Plant Pathology Institute of organic farming University of Agricultural sciences, Dharwad Pin – 580005 UAHS Shivamogga 50. Dr. M. Hanumanthappa ADR, ZAHRS, Brahmavar Udupi 51. Dr. K. M. Devaraju ADR, ZAHRS, Mudigere Chikkamagalur 52.
Dr. S. Pradeep Co ordinator, Organic Farming Research Centre, Shivamogga
Dr. K. V. Sudhir Kamath SFS, ZAHRS, Brahmvar Udupi Dist.
Dr. Narayana.S. Mavarkar Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture, Shivamogga Dr. C. Sunil Assistant Professor UAHS, Shivamogga Dr. Ganapathi Assistant Professor Organic Farming Research Centre Shivamogga Dr. S. Sridhara Professor of Agronomy College of Agriculture, Shivamogga Mr. M. Jadegowda Assistant Professor , College of Forestry Ponnampet, Kodagu Dr. T. Basavaraj Naik Farm superintendednt, AHRS, Bhavikere Chikmagalur Dist. Dr. Parashurama Chandravanshi AHRS, Kathalagere Davanagere
Mr. H.G. Sannathimmappa Assistant Professor , AHRS, Kathalagere Davanagere Dr. M. Shivaprasad Associate professior College of Horticulture Mudigere, Chikmagalur Dr. Kumar Naik A.H. AICRP on Groundnut , ZAHRS Babbur Farm, Chitradurga 237
Dr. Satyanarayana Rao. Professor of Agronomy and Head Organic Farming Research Institute UAS, Raichur Dr. B. K. Desai Professor of Agronomy, Dept. of Agronomy College of Agriculture, Raichur Dr. Arunakumar Hosmani Professor of Agri. Entomology MARS, Raichur Dr. S. N. Bhat Assistant Professor ( Soil Science), Organic Farming Research Institute, UAS, Raichur Dr. S. A. Biradar Scientist (Agronomy), MARS, Raichur Dr.Y.S.Amaresh Asst. Professor (Plant pathology) College of Agriculture, Raichur Dr. M. V. Ravi Assistant Professor (Soil Science) College of Agriculture, Raichur 238
Dr. M.A. Basavaneppa Professor (Agronomy), ARS, Siruguppa Dr.Ashok Kumar Gaddi Soil Scientist, ARS, Sirguppa Mr.Sanganna M Sajjanar Farm Superintendent, ARS, Sirguppa Dr. G. Ravishankar Programme coordinator, KVK, Hagari Dr. Ravikumar Farm Superintendent, ARS, Hagari
Bidar District 81. Dr. R.L.Jadav SMS (Agronomy), KVK, Bidar. 82. 83.
Dr. Sunil A Kulkarni SMS (Plant pathology), KVK, Bidar Mr. Sunilkumar N M SMS (Entomology), KVK, Bidar
139. B. K. Devaraj Mitha Bagilu Post, Belthangady Tq. D.K. Dist. Pin -574248 140. Dr. L.H. Manjunath Executive Director SKDRDP(R), Dharmashree building Dharmasthala Pin - 574216 141. Manjunath Agriculture Officer SKDRDP(R), Belthangady Tq. Surendra Mansion, Near bus stand Belthangady Pin -574210 142. Manoj Menezes Agriculture Director SKDRDP(R), Dharmashree building Dharmasthala Pin-574216 143. Sri Padre Adike Patrike, Yellmudi No29, Bhat Building, Puttur Tq. Dhakshina Kannada Dist. Pin -574201 144. A.P. Sadashivu Marike mane Post, Aryapu Village, Puttur Tq., D.Kannada Dist. Pin -574210 145. M. T. Shanthamule Pailaru Post Kukkujadka, Sullya Tq. D.kannada Dist. Pin -574248 256
10. Organic Farming Package of Practices for Agricultural/ Horticultural crops Sl. No. 1.
Crop Groundnut, Soybean, Sorghum Wheat (Rainfed), Chilli, Potato Chickpea and Maize Arecanut, Ginger, Cardamom Passion Fruit and Pineapple
Cotton, Rice, Sorghum, Sugarcane and Wheat
Rice, Groundnut and Tomato
Chilli, Mustard, Potato, and Soybean
Brinjal, Rice, Sesame and Taro
State where Source for PoP information Developed UAS Dharwad Karnataka www.uasd.edu Institute or Organization
Northeastern Region Community Resource Management Project For Upland Areas (NERCORMP) Maharashtra Organic Farming Federation (MOFF) Center for Indian Knowledge System (CISK) The Institute of Himalayan Environmental Research and Education (INHERE)
Assam, Manipur Meghalaya and Nagaland
Development West Bengal www.drcsc.org Research Communication and Services Center
12. Regional Federations of Organic Farmers’ Associations in Karnataka Sl. Name and Address / Email No 1. Belagavi District Regional Cooperative Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd. Belagavi [email protected] 2. Davangere & Chitradurga Regional Cooperative Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd. Davangere [email protected] 3. Uttarkannada Regional Cooperative Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd. Uttarkannada [email protected] 4. Hassan & Kodagu Districts Regional Cooperative Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd. , Hassan [email protected] 5. Dakshina Kannada, Chikkamagalur, Udupi Districts Regional Cooperative Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd. Dakshina Kannada [email protected] 6. Dharwad, Haveri & Gadag Districts Regional Cooperative Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd. [email protected]
Name Of the President/ Ph.No Sri Ashok Tubachi, 9901888254 Contact persons: Sri Virupakshagowda: 9448126953 Sri Rudragowda Patil: 8746871745, 9902994515 Sri Krupa 9945425506
Sri Vishweshwar Bhatt 9242185319 Sri Y. C. Rudrappa 9448529723 Sri Jayaprasad 9480172565 Sri Prabhakar Mayya 8150942839
Sri Channappa Budihal 9480127714
7. Kalburgi, Yadgir & Bidar Districts Sri Subhash Regional Cooperative Organic 7022128410 Farmers Association Federation Ltd. Kalburgi [email protected] 289
8. Raichur, Koppal & Ballary Districts Sri Ashok Patil Regional Cooperative Organic 9886178701 Farmers Association Federation Ltd Raichur [email protected] 9. Vijayapura & Bagalkote Districts Sri Mantur Regional Cooperative Organic 9980244740 Farmers Association Federation Ltd. Vijayapura 10Shivamogga District Regional Sri Kerehalli Ramappa Cooperative Organic Farmers 9480626410 Association Federation Ltd. Shivamogga [email protected] 11Mysore, Chamarajnagar & Mandya Sri Ramesh, Districts Regional Cooperative 9964405229 Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd Mysuru [email protected] 12Bengaluru(R), Bengaluru (U) & Sri N.R.Shetty Ramanagar Districts Regional 9480283199 Cooperative Organic Farmers Association Federation Ltd. Bengaluru [email protected] 13Kolar & Chikkaballapur Districts Sri K.V Reddeppa, Regional Cooperative Organic 9483050005 Farmers Association Federation Limited, Bengaluru [email protected][email protected] 14Tumkur District Regional Sri Govindaraju Cooperative Organic Farmers 9880472455 Association Federation Ltd. ,Tumkur [email protected]
13. Organic Marketers/ Traders/ Processors/ Exporters Sl. Name and Address No. 1. Achal Industries 190, Industrial Area Baikampady, Mangalore 2. Acara Bioherb Private Limited No. 282/A, 9th A Main 40th Cross, 5th Block Jayanagar, Bengaluru 3. Adi Naturals Dr.Srinivas, Managing Director Near JP Nagar Club 1098, "Puskhar" 19th B Main, 3rd Cross JP Nagar 2nd Phase Bengaluru- 560078 4. M K Ahmed Kaggadasapura No.186/1, KaggadasapuraMain Road, Next to Syndicate Bank, C.V.Raman Nagar Bengaluru - 560093 5. Allanasons Pvt Ltd Holenarasipura RD PB NO 117 6. Arvind Exports No.101, First Floor #54/46, 39th 'A' Cross 11th Main Road Jayanagar 4th 'T' Block Bengaluru
Estate, Chokkanahalli Jakkur Post Bengaluru Sri Ganesh Herbals Managed by The Himalaya Drug Company No. 28N, KIADB, Bidadi Industrial Area Sri Sri Ayurveda Trust 21st Km, Near Art of Living, Kanakapura Road, Udayapura Sresta Natural Bio Products Pvt. Ltd. No. 447, 1st Floor, I.T.I Lay Out, Nayandahallai Mysore Road Bengaluru Sri Mata Bio Source 9/5, 16th Cross Indian Bank Colony
100. Star Bazaar H M Vihba Tower Near Forum, Adugodi Road, Koramangala Bengaluru - 560029 101. Subramanian S Novel Nutrients Pvt. Ltd. 102. Sucitva Bio-Products Pvt. Ltd. No. 1132, 11th Main 11th Cross, 2nd Stage West of Chord Road Mahalakshmipuram Bengaluru 103. Supermarket Grocery Supplies Pvt. Ltd. 7/1, 1st Main, Domlur, 2nd
122. Vinayaka Ganga Tamanu oil products # 122/1A, Magod, Kodani Honnavara 123. Vipul Mittal Big Big Basket Super Market Grossary Supplies Pvt. Ltd. No.7, II Floor, Service Road Domlur 100 ft. Road Indiranagar Bengaluru- 560071
main 3rd Phase, J P Nagar, Bengaluru560078 (online organic suppliers) 95. Friends organic food store Apple city complex, level-2, opp: Sai Baba Villa Hoskote White Field Road, Seegehalli Bengaluru-560067 96. G10 Organic Exporters Kempalinghanalli Vishweshwarapura Grama Panchayat Nelamangala Tq. Bengaluru- 562123 97. Galaxy Marketing G4, Sagar Apartments, Charles Campbell Road Coxtown, Bengaluru 98. Gate to Nature Organic Green Store #85 & 86, Bettadasanapura Main road Opp. Andhra bank, Near St. Xavier School Electronic city, Bengaluru 99. Good food & company No.68,naraya nagar 3rd cross 1st stage Doddakallasandra post Kanakapura road Bengaluru- 560 062 100. Good Old Days Organic Pvt. Ltd. # 32, 5th Cross, 5th Block, Koramangala Bengaluru - 560038
199. Life Care Medical And General Near Banashankari Tent Hongsandra Begur Main Road, Bengaluru
200. Live Best Organic #47 Old no.560, 4th Cross, Mahalaxmi Layout Near Swimming Pool, Bengaluru560096 201. LIV healthy Organic Super Market # 36, shop no.2,4th Main, BTM layout N. S. Palya circle, Bengaluru- 560076 327
9900164062 Mahanthesh 9686398719
202. Live Best Organics and Agri Pvt. Ltd. 9945444777 # 103, DSR Topaz, 5th Cross, 7th Main [email protected] Begur Hobli, Bengaluru - 560103 st.com 203. Lumiere Organic Venture Pvt. Ltd. #27/7, Sri Kote Ashirwad Towers Outer Ring Road, Doddanekundi, Marathahalli Bengaluru-560037 204. Lumeriya Organic Opp. Petrol bank road, Sarjapura Main road Bengaluru 205. Lumeriya Organic 5t cross 80ft road, Koramangala Bengaluru- 560064 206. M. K. Retail Sarjapur Main Road, Wipro Corporate Office Bengaluru 207. Mahalasxmi Swadesi kendra C/o The Book Shop, # 407/1 1st A cross 7th block Near Forum Mall , Koramangala Bengaluru- 560095 208. Manomay Enterprises #7, 9th Cross, 3rd Main, Chamarajpete Bengaluru-560018 209. Mast organic 2nd floor, RV 36, 66 Margosa Road Malleshwaram, Bengaluru -560003 210. Max Hypermarket India Pvt Ltd Spar Hypermarket, # 39/ 3 & 44,2nd Floor Above Spar Hyper Market, BG Road Bengaluru- 560029 211. Mewa magic #6/1 South end road, Sheshadripuram Bengaluru- 560020
238. Naturobel organic Pvt. Ltd. # 789- B, Ground Floor, MIG Double road, Yelahanka Newtown, Near Hotel Udupi Grand Bengaluru- 560064 239. Navadarshanam Trust # 52 Diagonal Road Jayanagar 3rd block Organic farm at Gumalapuram Anekal Tq. Sales of organic food items at Buoyancee, Bengaluru Sale at Home: #23, 17th Cross (between 6th and 8th Main (opposite Sri Sri Ravi Shankar Vidya Mandir) Malleswaram) Bengaluru
Mob.+91 9108019444 www.naturobell.com
N.S.Hema 6599 6024 9243435467 9900270900
240. Nayam Organic 9886398576 #755,4th main, ISRO Layout, Bengaluru - 560111 241. Nayanadhama #36/11, Papu Cottage Kanakapura Road Bengaluru-560004 242. Neolife Wellness #589, 2nd Floor, Neolife Wellness, Above State Bank of Mysuru, AECS Layout, ITPL Main Road, Bengaluru560066 243. New Town Super Market # 5/2, Opp. SKR Kalyana Mantapa, Varthur Main Road Kundahalli Gate, Bengaluru- 560066 244. Nihal Marketing # 6/1, Nirmal Building 3rd Cross, Tulsi Thota Lane Balepet Bengaluru – 560 053 245. Nilgiris Naseem Fathima Retail, #1C/310, 3rd Block HRBR Layout, Nehru Road, Ward No 89 Bengaluru- 560084 246. Nimbey #239/1 1st Floor, Bull Temple Road, Next to Uma Theatre Chamrajapete, Bengaluru - 560018 247. Nimble Organics Private Limited (Bengaluru) Site .No.04, IInd Floor, KVS Complex, Kalkare Double Road NRI Layout, Ramamurthy Nagar Bengaluru- 560 016 248. Nirvana Box Bengaluru
317. Raisinig Enterprise Old Madras road, Near Honda Showroom Pai Layout, Bengaluru- 560064 318. Rajiv Organics " Sree Matha" # 50, 1st Mai Wilson Garden HBS Layout, J. P. Nagar, 7th Phase Kotnur Dinne, Bengaluru- 560004
326. Sahaja Samrudha Nandana, 37, 2nd Cross, 7th main, Sultanpalya Bengaluru -560032 327. Sahaja Samruddi organic # 665,1st floor sajjan road Opp. The Times of India Office, V V Puram Bengaluru- 560004 [email protected]
373. Sri organic HESC layout, Kundhahalli, Near Ragam store Bengaluru- 560066 374. Sri Parijatha Super Market [email protected] # 1, Annapoorneshwari Layout Ullal 9844431739 Main Road Opp. Mangalore Institute of Management Bengaluru - 560 056
375. Sri Raghavendra Nisargalya # 178/1 Kathriguppe Main Road Near Rammandir Banshankari IIIstage Bengaluru- 560085
376. Sri Sai Ram Enterprises # 95/4, 6th Main, Appu Rao, Near Uma Theatre Opp. Canara Bank, Bengaluru- 560 018 377. Storrz 731, 7th Cross, 10th Main, BTM MICO Lay out 2nd Stage Bengaluru- 560076
439. Lions club Charities and Services 0824-2565560 Charmaki Narayanashetty Memorial Lions Hospital Kotatattu, Kota, Mangaluru Pin -575001 440. M L Vegetable Centre 8242428991 #64, Central Market, Mangaluru Pin 575001 441. Mallar Export Private Ltd. 8245251001 Ground Floor, Albuquerqe house Pandeshwar, Mangaluru Pin - 560001
442. Sana Traders J M road, Bunder, Mangaluru Pin -575001
Vijayapura District 513. ORGO-home of natural farming products Ram mandir Road, Vijayapura Pin-586101
15. List of Super/ Mega Stores with Organic Shelves Sl.No 1. Big Basket
Name of mega/ super stores 2. More Super Bazar
3. 5. 7. 9. 11. 13. 15. 17. 19.
Big Bazar Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. Culinary Foods Pvt. Ltd. Dabur India Ltd. Fab Living Fair Foods Food Hall Fresh Pvt. Ltd. Bengaluru Godrej Natures Basket
4. 6. 8. 10. 12. 14. 16. 18. 20.
Gopalan Enterprises International Greenlife Organic Store Herba life International India Pvt. Ltd. Heritage Hindusthan Coca- Cola Beverages Pvt. Ltd. Hypercity ITC Foods Ltd. Janani Foods Pvt. Ltd. Hyderabad Kottaram Agro Foods Bengaluru Live Best M K Ahmed Supermarket Malgudi Organic Store Mallur Flora & Hospitality Pvt. Ltd. Metro Cash and Carry
Mother Care My Market Fruits & Vegetables N K Food Nature's Basket Nutrisiree Organics Organic Planet P V Organics PEPSICO Phalada Agro Research Foundations Prakruti Organic
Priyam Organics Reliance Retail
Ruchi Soya Industries Ltd. S&G Flavours Pvt. Ltd.
32. 34. 36.
Safe Eats Spar Super Bazar Sri Nandi Food Products
21. Manufacturers / Suppliers of Biopesticides and Mechanical devices Name of the Name of the Contact Person & manufacture biopesticides Phone Number r M/ s M/ s Mr. / Mrs. 1. Agri Life Agri life Azadirachtin 0.03 Sanjeev A. P Science % EC, 0.15 % EC, 080- 23144897 9448480640 # 9, 52nd Cross, 1.0 %EC, Email: 8th Main 4th Bacillus Block thurengiensis Var. sanjeevbioagrisense Rajajinagar NPV Helicoverpa @yahoo.com Bengaluru2 % AS, 560010 Trichoderma harzianum1 % WP, Trichoderma viride 1 % WP, Pseudomonas fluorescens 0.5 % WP Varsha Trichoderma viride Bioscience 1 % WP and Pseudomonas Technology fluorescens India Pvt. Ltd. 2. Biotech Microplex, Azadirachtin 0.03 Ravindra A. C International Biotech and % EC, 080- 26650866 Ltd. Agrochem 9448796460 # 652/ 12 Pvt. Ltd. Email: 1st C Main Road [email protected] 8th Block, Biotech Azadirachtin 0.15 -int.com Jayanagar International %EC, 0.30 % EC, Bengaluru Ltd. 1.0% EC, Bacillus thurengiensis Var. kurstaki, NPV Helicoverpa 2% AS Trichoderma viride Sl. No
Name of the Supplier
Microplex India 3. Bio Pest Control Bio pest Industries control #51/ 3 Agrahara industries Yelahanka Bengaluru- 5600 64 4. Fine Trap India Fine Trap # 6, Sawarkar India Market Datta chowk, Yavatmal Maharashtra state Pin- 445001 5. Ganesh Agro S. S Biochem tech India Pvt. # 410, 12th Main Ltd. road RMV Extn. Bengaluru 6. K. S Agrotech Sarathi # 743/ 1 10th Agrochem main 3rd stage, 3rd block Basaveshwara nagar Bengaluru560079 7. Kalpavruksha Kalpavruksha Bio systems bio systems # 195, 2nd main road HVR layout Magadi road Bengaluru-
26. Uttarakhand State Organic Certification Agency (USOCA)
Mr. Chandan Singh Mehra Director # 12/II Vasant Vihar Dehradun-248 006, Uttarakhand Tel. No.: 0135-2760861 Fax: 0135-2760734 [email protected][email protected] 27. Vedic Dr. M. Usha Managing Director Organic Certification Plot No. 55, Ushodaya Enclave Mythri nagar, Miyanagar Agency Hyderabad – 500 050 Andra Pradesh Mobile No.: 09290450666 Tel. No.: 040-65276784 Fax: 040-23045338 [email protected][email protected]
NPOP USDA NOP
Karnataka State Organic Certification Agency (KSOCA) Karnataka State Organic Certification Agency is a Government of Karnataka undertaking, serving as an organic certification agency in the state for the benefit of organic farmers. After establishment of a separate organic certification division in the Karnataka State Seeds Certification Agency (KSSCA), it was renamed as Karnataka State Seed and Organic Certification Agency (KSOCA). The agency got approval as an organic accreditation body under NPOP with effect from 17-08-2015 (individual and ICS group). It has made MoU with Aditi Organic Certification Pvt.Ltd. and Association for Promotion of Organic Farming (APOF) Bengaluru in organic certification. Objectives: •
To provide reliable, prompt, efficient and superior organic certification services at reasonable cost to organic farmers and other stakeholders To guarantee genuinty of organic produce to the consumers
Organic certification services available in KSOCA : • • • • • •
Organic farm (Individual Group organic farmers (ICS) Organic Wild collection Organic product processing Organic Product Traders, and Organic input approval
Procedure for organic certification Applicant (a farmer/group of farmers/processor/ trader) seeking organic certification by KSOCA shall contact through email ([email protected]) / post (KAIC premises, opp. Baptist Hospital, 390
Hebbal, Bengaluru-24, Telephone (080-23418302) / personal visit to KSOCA office to obtain the application package for organic certification. The application package including the application form, frequently asked questions (FAQs), procedure for certification, details on fees, brochure will be given/ sent to the operator. The application form may be filled, signed and returned to KSOCA for registration. After the scrutiny of application and acceptance by the evaluator , the offer letter (approximate fee for the inspection and certification ) and a copy of the agreement will be sent to the operator by the evaluator .The operator is registered on tracenet as per the APEDA procedure. Mode of Payment of certification charges The operator has to pay 75% of the estimated certification fee as an advance for the inspection and certification services. The signed copy of the agreement shall be sent by operator along with fees. On receipt of the payment, KSOCA fixes the inspection date in consultation with the operator and sends the intimation letter. After inspection of the farm, the detailed inspection report along with copy of the agreement and the final invoice based on the actual expenses will be sent to the operator by the evaluator and the balance amount need to be settled by the operator. Trace net entry For individual operator: the detailed crop list along with the major and minor non-conformities and the deadline for corrective actions is entered in the trace net. For group of farmers the certification body verifies the data entered in the trace net by the group and also enters the major and minor non-conformities along with the deadline for taking corrective actions.
Certification After receipt of the full payment, the evaluator reviews the file of operator and submits the same to the certification committee. The certification committee takes a final decision based on the corrective measures taken by the operator against the non-conformities raised in the inspection report. The quality manager, KSOCA will generate the certificate through the trace net and sends the same to operator. Renewal: Validity of the certificate will be for a period of one year from the date of issue and it shall be renewed every year on payment of required fee and further inspection and certification.
23. Books on Organic Farming Sl. Title of the book No. 1. Achievements of Organic Farming Research Centre, ZARS, Navile, Shivamogga 2. Agro Biodiversity Conservation 3. Banking on Seeds 4. Bio Fertilizers and Organic Farming 5. Biocontrol Potential and Its Application In Sustainable Agriculture 6. Biodiversity based Organic Farming 7. Biofertilizers and Organic Farming 8. Biofertilizers and Organic Farming 9. Biofertilizers Commercial Production Technology And Quality Control 10. Biofertilizers For Sustainable Agriculture 11. Biofertilizers Technology
Author N. Devakumar Vanaja Ramprasad Vanaja Ramprasad Bhupendra Kumar Upadhaya, R.K. Mukherji K.G Chamola B.P Parameshwar Singh Himadri Panda Himadri Panda Dharamvir Hota L.L. Somani P. Shilpkar S.D.Shilpkar Vinod Kumar jain S. Kannaiyan K. Kumar Govindarajan Stone house B
12. Biological Husbandry: A Scientific Approach to Organic Farming 13. Biological Management of Soil Eco System for Sustainable Agriculture 14. Botanical Pesticides for Pest D.A. Dodia Management I.S. Patel G.M. Patel 15. Botanicals as Eco Friendly Pramod P. Pesticides Mahulikar 393
Publishers University of Agricultural Sciences Bangalore Green Foundation Green Foundation Centrum Press, New Delhi Project Directorate of Biological Control ICAR, Bangalore Centrum Press, New Delhi Gene-Tech Books Darya Ganj New Delhi Agrotech publishing Academy Oxford Book Company Scientific publishers Butterworths Scientific Publishers (India ) Jodhpur Pawan Kumar Scientific Publishers New India Publishing agency
16. Conversion to Organic Agriculture 17. Cultivating Organic Vegetables Package of Practices 18. Economics of Organic Farming 19. Encyclopedia of Organic Farming 20. Farm Manures 21. Feeding the Nation 22. Fostering Fodder 23. Green Manuring for Soil Productivity Improvement 24. Handbook of Composite Organic Farming 25. Handbook of Organic Farming 26. Handbook of Organic Farming and Biofertilizers
Kshama M. Charan Singh A.K. Haracharan Das A.K. Yadav Y.P. Singh P. Sri Krishna Sudheer Daniel Howard Charles T. Thorne Vanaja Ramprasad Vanaja Ramprasad FAO,USA
IBDC Mrinal Goel West villae publishing house, New Delhi Astral Dominant Allied Scientific publishers Green Foundation Green Foundation
Daya Publishing House, New Delhi Himadri Panda Gene-Tech Books Indian Edition Arun K. Sharma Agrobios Foundation Books Pvt.Ltd. Cambridge House A.C. Gaur Ambika Book Agency, Jaipur Reynold Finn Anmol Publication Private Limited
27. Handbook of Organic Farming Principles and Practices 28. Handbook of Plants and Pest Michael Grainge Control Properties and Saleem Ahmad 29. Handbook of Organic Guar. A.C. Ambika Book Agency Farming and Biofertilzers 30. Hidden Harvest Vanaja Green Foundation Ramprasad 31. Improving Access to Global Editors: ICCOA, Bengaluru Organic Markets Manoj Kumar Menon 394
Jaydip Roy Anushi Chandra 32. India Positioning High in Editors: ICCOA, Bengaluru Organic Agri- business Tej Partap Seetharam Annadana 33. Indian Organic Manoj Kumar ICCOA, Bengaluru Agribusiness…@Threshold Menon of Growth Tobias Eisenring Seetharama Annadana 34. Integrated Dry Land Farming C.J. Itnal University of Practices for Sustainable H.B. Babalad Agricultural Sciences Production B.N. Patil Dharwad C.S. Hunshal B.M. Chittapur 35. Integrated Pest Management Lingappa University of S. Shekharappa Agricultural Sciences Patil. R.K. Dharwad 36. Interactive Workshop on TNAU TNAU Groundnut Based Cropping System and Organic Farming 2003/ (Legumes & Other Forage Crop ) 37. International Seminar on Maonj Kumar ICCOA, Bengaluru India Organic – Strategies to Menon Surge Ahead S. Jaganath Jaydip Roy Kukanaya Kharc 38. Investing in Indigenous Vanaja Green Foundation Knowledge Ramprasad 39. Jatropha curcus for BioSunder Shyam J.V. diesel Organic Farming and Publishing house Health 40. Manual for Organic Farming Nikhil Gosh Agribios (India), Hajra Jodhpur 41. Market Research on Organic Gauthami H.S.S UAS(B) Agriculture Produce In Shivaleela H.B. Bangalore City 42. Mycorrhizae Zaki Anwar Textstream 43. National Seminar on Shivashankar K Association for 395
Organic Farming and Sustainable Agriculture Bangalore, India 1966 44. National Programme for Organic Production “Standards for Organic Production”
Singlachar M.A promotion of organic farming(APOF) -
45. Natural Organic, Biological, V. N. Tiwari Ecological and Biodynamic D. K. Gupta Farming S. R. Maloo L. L. Somani 46. New vistas of organic Joshi. M. farming 47. Nomuraea Rileyi A Potential Lingappa, S Mycoinsecticide Patil R.K
Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India Agro Tech Publishing Academy, Udaipur Hurdback Department of Biotechnology New Delhi and University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad Academic Press
48. Nomuraea Rileyi A Potential Bellows. T. S Mycoinsecticide Fisher T. W Cattaglrone L. E Dahisten, D. L Grodh.G Huffakar C. B 49. Organic Agriculture Thampan D. K Peekay Tree crops Development foundation 50. Organic Agriculture J.C. Tarfdar Indian Society of Soil K.P. Tripathi Sciences Mahesh Kumar 51. Organic Agriculture and Urs Niggi United Book Prints Climate Change Mitigation Nadia El- Hage Scia labha 52. Organic Agriculture and M. P. Singh Global Vision Food Security in Asia (Indo- Rajesh Singh Publishing House Chinese perspectives ) 53. Organic Agriculture Gupta ABD Publishers Development in India Mukesh 54. Organic Agriculture Mukesh ABD Publishers Development in India Gupta 396
Irrigation farming 55. Organic Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics 56. Organic Agriculture: Economic and Ecological Comparisons With Conventional Methods 57. Organic Beyond Agriculture
Kopke Scientific Publishers Ulrich 2010 Delhaf Robert C John wiley Allanheld Osmun Monoj Kumar Menon Jaydip Roy Bindus. S Veena. N.K
58. Organic Farmers Speak on Economics and Beyond 59. Organic Farming
Tej Pratap C.S. Vaidya Nocolas Lampkin
60. Organic Farming
Mirnal god, Westville publishing House Farming press, Miller Freemak, UK, Ltd. Sovereign way Tombridge TNG, IRW. Foundation Books
61. Organic Farming 62. Organic Farming – A Scientific Approach for Sustainable Production and Environment Protection
Dushyent Gehlot Agrobios H. B. Babalad ICAR, Winter School M. N. Srinivasa Organised at the R. K. Patil University of M. G. Agricultural Sciences Palakshappa Dharwad Samir Kumar Biotech Books, New Biswas Delhi Samir Pal Trivedi I.K. International Pub. Pravin chandra House Pravin Chandra J.K. Publishing House Trivedi Year Pvt. Ltd. 2010 Trivedi, I.K. International Pub. Pravin chandra House P. K. Shetty National Institute of Claude Alvares Advance Studies, Ashok Kumar Bengaluru Yadav
63. Organic Farming and Management of Biotic Stresses 64. Organic farming and Mycorrhizae in Agriculture 65. Organic Farming and Mycorrhizae in Agriculture 66. Organic Farming and Mycorrhizae in Agriculture 67. Organic farming and sustainability
68. Organic Farming and Sustainable Agriculture 69. Organic Farming and Sustainable Development 70. Organic Farming and Vermiculture 71. Organic Farming for Sustainable Agriculture 72. Organic Farming for Sustainable Horticulture 73. Organic Farming in Backward Regions 74. Organic Farming in India
Dev Kant Prasad Enkey Publishing N. C. Gupta House, Udaipur A. P. Jaiswal Lingaraj Patro Mangalam Publishers and distributors, Delhi Dahanma. A.K. Agro Botonica Parvatha P. Reddy Vijay Singh Rawat Ranjan Kumar Beswas U. Thapa P. Tripathy Claude Alvaries
Scientific Publishers Swastik Publication New Delhi New Delhi Publishers, New Delhi Agrotech Publishing Academy, Udaipur The other India press
75. Organic Farming in India Problems 76. Organic Farming Source Book 77. Organic Farming Standards, Dushyant Gehlot Agrobios(India) Accreditation, Certification Jodhpur and Inspection 78. Organic Farming Studies on Kenchaiah Ph.D TNAU, Coimbatore Rice
79. Organic Farming Theory and Palaniappan S.P Scientific Publishers Practice 80. Organic Farming: Biocontrol Bhattacharyya. Agrobios (India ) and Biopesticide Technology P and Purhoit. S.S. 81. Organic Farming: Biocontrol Bhattacharya. P Agrobios (India ) and Biopesticide Technology & Purohit. S.S. 82. Organic Farming: Dushyent Gehlot Agrobios (India ) Components and Management 83. Organic farming: Principles Deshmukh, Agrobios Agrohouse Prospects and Problems Suresh. N. 84. Organic Farming: Standards Dushyent Gehlot Agrobios Accreditation, Certification 2005 And Inspection 398
85. Organic farming: Theory and Palaniappan. S.P Practices and Annadurai. K. 86. Organic Seed Traditional Vanangamudi. Varieties And Technologies K. and Mohanmani. V. 87. Organic Seed Traditional K. Varieties And Technologies Vanangamudi V. Mahonmani 88. Organics in Sustaining Soil G.D. Radder, Fertility and Productivity, C.J. Itnal Tech. Science V.S. Gidnavar, B.N. Patil B.M. Chittapur and H.B. Babalad 89. Phosphate Rich Organic M. S. Shaktawat manure B. N. Swami N.C. Aery Mohan Singh M. K. Katewa 90. Principles and practices of R. organic farming Balasubramania n K. Balakrishnan K. Shivasubramani an 91. Principles of Organic Vandana Shiva/ Farming: Renewing the Pande Poonam Earth's Harvest Singh, Jitendra 92. Seed Quest Vanaja ramprasad 93. Seed to Food Vanaja ramprasad 94. Semio Chemicals in Pest and Richard J Weed Control Petroski 95. Shramajeevi Agri Films Dr .Venkatramana Hegade 96. Soil Fertility Management P.C. 399
Navdhanya Green Foundation Green Foundation American chemical society Agricultural documentary film makers Gene-tech Books
for Sustainable Agriculture 97. Soil Management and Organic Farming 98. Soil Organic Matter in sustainable Agriculture 99. Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture 100.Souvenir-National Seminar on present Scenario of organic farming for sustaining soil-plant Health and productivity 101.Studies on Soil Properties as Influenced by Organic Farming in Northern Transitional Zones of Karnataka 102.Sustainability Through Organic Farming
Bandyapadhyay New Delhi Danda. S.C
Frederick. R. ed magdoff Edited by Fredmagdof Ray R. Weil B.U
CRC press Francis CRC Publication, New Delhi Bangalore University Department of Botany
Vasundhar Gali. UAS (D) SS & AC S.K.
Mukund Joshi, Prabhakarshetty T. K 103.Sustainable Agricultural Vanaja Practices ramprasad 104.Text book of organic farming D. Kumar Manimuthu veeral 105.The India Organic Pathway – Tej Partap Making Way for Itself 106.The Market for Organic VSK Kishore Foods in India Rao Raj Supe Manoj K. Menon Tej Partap 107.The Market for Organic VSK Kishore Foods in India (On Summer Rao Raj Manoj Perceptions and Market K. menon Tej Potential ) Prathap 108.The One Straw Revolution Masanobu Fukuoka 400
Kalyanai Publishers Green Foundation Agrotech publishing academy, Delhi ICCOA, Bengaluru ICCOA, Bengaluru
ICCOA International competence centre for organic Agril. The other India press Mapusa, Goa, India
109.Thesis : A Comparative Dorairaj. N & Study of Farmers Growing Narasimha. N. Sugarcane Through Organic Farming and INM Practices in Cauvery Command area of Karnataka state 110.Vedic Krishi – Practical R.K. Pathak Manual
Central Horticultural Research, ICAR, Lucknow Oxford Book company
111.Vermi Composting for R.K. Pawar Sustainable Agriculture Books on Organic Farming in Kannada Sl. Name of The Book Author Publishers No 1. ‘Savayava Tarasi Tota’ Anusuya Sharma Green Foundation 2. Abhivrudiya Hadige Sangeethada Vikasana A.M. Vargesh Nandi Samasthe Klitas and Laksman M.H 3. Adhika illuvarige Savayava krishi H.B. Babalad Organic Farming besaya paddathigalu R.K.Patil Institute, Shripada Directorate of kulakarni Research, UAS, Dharwad 4. Amrutha Sanjeevini Vikasana Father Joseph, Samasthe Chittur Brother and C.G.Babu 5. Barasahishnu Harakakke Mallikarjuna Green Foundation Marujeeva Hosapalya 6. Baravanne manisida mallanna Shree Padre Green Foundation 7. Beeja Svatantryada Seema G. Prasad Green Foundation Kalpaneyannu Saakaaragilisida Bhattada Boregowdru 8. Beejada Butti Shree Padre Green Foundation 9. Deshiya Thaanthrikathe Hagu S.V.K.E.V.S T.Rudramuni, Raithara Avishkaragalu Farmer Hiriyur Mudalugiriyappa, Manjunath Banavalli and Sharanappa Jangadi 10. Guddada Melina ekavyakti Green Shree Padre Sainya Foundation 401
11. Hainugarikeyinda Svavalambi Badhuku 12. Information kit on farm and rural journalism 13. Jaivika Krishi Ondu Avalokana
www.uasbangalore.edu.in www.uasd.edu www.unescap.org www.usoca.org V www.vanilco.com www.vanashree.in www.vanastree.org www.varanashi.com www.vcsdata.com www.vetiver.org www.vedibooks.net www.vfpck.org www.villagevolunteers.org www.vmsrf.org Z www.zesthapolycarbonate.com www.zameen.org
APPENDIX-I NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTION (NSOP) (Extract from section 3 of NPOP) 3.1 CROP PRODUCTION 3.1.1 Conversion Requirements General Principles Organic agriculture means a process of developing a viable and sustainable agro-ecosystem. The time between the start of organic management and certification of crops and/or animal husbandry is known as the conversion period. The whole farm, including livestock, should be converted according to the standards over a period of three years. Recommendations For a sustainable agro-ecosystem to function optimally, diversity in crop production and Animal husbandry must be arranged in such a way that there is an interplay of all the Elements of the farming management. Conversion may be accomplished over a period of time. A farm may be converted step by step. The totality of the crop production and all animal husbandry should be converted to Organic management. There should be a clear plan of how to proceed with the conversion. This plan shall be updated if necessary and should cover all aspects relevant to these standards. The certification programme should set standards for different farming systems so that they can be clearly separated in production as well as
in documentation, and the standards should determine norms to prevent a mix up of input factors and products. Standards 220.127.116.11. The standards requirements shall be met during the conversion period. All the standards requirements shall be applied on the relevant aspects from the beginning of the conversion period itself. 18.104.22.168. If the whole farm is not converted, the certification programme shall ensure that the organic and conventional parts of the farm are separate and inspectable. 22.214.171.124. Before products from a farm/project can be certified as organic, inspection shall have been carried out during the conversion period. The start of the conversion period may be calculated from the date of application of the certification programme or from the date of last application of unapproved farm inputs provided it can demonstrate that standards requirements have been met from that date of implementation. For the length of conversion periods, please refer to sections 3.2.2 and 3.3.2. 126.96.36.199. Simultaneous production of conventional, organic in conversion and/or organic crops or animal products which cannot be clearly distinguished from each other, will not be allowed. 188.8.131.52. To ensure a clear separation between organic and conventional production, a buffer zone or a natural barrier should be maintained. The certification Programme shall ensure that the requirements are met. 184.108.40.206. A full conversion period is not required where the factors full standards requirements have been met for several years and where this can be verified through several means and sources. In such cases 410
inspection shall be carried out with a reasonable time interval before the first harvest 3.1.2 Maintenance of Organic Management General Principles Organic certification is based on continuance. Recommendations The certification programme should only certify production which is likely to be maintained on a long-term basis. Standards 220.127.116.11. Converted land and animals shall not get switched back and forth between organic and conventional management. 3.1.3 Landscape General Principles Organic farming should contribute beneficially to the ecosystem. Recommendations Areas which should be managed properly and linked to facilitate biodiversity: Extensive grassland such as moorlands, reed land or dry land In general all areas which are not under rotation and are not heavily manured Extensive pastures, meadows, extensive grassland, extensive orchards, hedges, Hedgerows, groups of trees and/or bushes and forest lines Ecologically rich fallow land or arable land Ecologically diversified (extensive) field margins 411
Waterways, pools, springs, ditches, wetlands and swamps and other water rich areas which are not used for intensive agriculture or aqua production Areas with ruderal flora. The certification programme shall set standards for a minimum percentage of the farm area to facilitate biodiversity and nature conservation. Standards 18.104.22.168. The certification programme shall develop landscape and biodiversity standards. 3.2 Crop Production 3.2.1 Choice of Crops and Varieties General Principles All seeds and plant material should be certified organic. Recommendations Species and varieties cultivated should be adapted to the soil and climatic conditions and be resistant to pests and diseases. In the choice of varieties genetic diversity should be taken into consideration. Standards 22.214.171.124 When organic seed and plant materials are available, they shall be used. The certification programme shall set time limits for the requirement of certified organic seed and other plant material. 126.96.36.199. When certified organic seed and plant materials are not available, chemically untreated conventional materials shall be used. 412
188.8.131.52. The use of genetically engineered seeds, pollen, transgene plants or plant material is not allowed. 3.2.2 Duration of Conversion Period General Principles The establishment of an organic management system and building of soil fertility requires an interim period, the conversion period. The conversion period may not always be of sufficient duration to improve soil fertility and re-establish the balance of the ecosystem but it is the period in which all the actions required to reach these goals are started. Recommendations The duration of the conversion period must be adapted to: • •
the past use of the land the ecological situation
Standards 184.108.40.206. Plant products produced can be certified organic when the national standards requirements have been met during a conversion period of at least two years before sowing or in the case of perennial crops other than grassland, at least three years (thirty-six months) before the first harvest of products. The accredited inspection and certification agency may decide in certain cases (such as idle use for two years or more) to extend or reduce the conversion period in the light of previous status of the land but the period must equal or exceed twelve months. 220.127.116.11. The conversion period can be extended by the certification programme depending on, e.g., past use of the land and environmental conditions. 413
18.104.22.168. The certification programme may allow plant products to be sold as "produce of organic agriculture in process of conversion" or a similar description during the conversion period of the farm. 22.214.171.124. For the calculation of inputs for feeding, the feed produced on the farm unit during the first year of organic management, may be classified as organic. This refers only to feed for animals which are themselves being reared within the farm unit and such feed may not be sold or otherwise marketed as organic. Feed produced on the farms in accordance with the national standards is to be preferred over conventionally grown / brought-in feeds. 3.2.3 Diversity in Crop Production General Principles The basis for crop production in gardening, farming and forestry in consideration of the structure and fertility of the soil and surrounding ecosystem and to provide a diversity of species while minimizing nutrient losses. Recommendations Diversity in crop production is achieved by a combination of: • A versatile crop rotation with legumes • An appropriate coverage of the soil during the year of production which diverse plant species 126.96.36.199. Where appropriate, the certification programme shall require that sufficient diversity is obtained in time or place in a manner that takes into account pressure from insects, weeds, diseases and other pests, while maintaining or increasing soil, organic matter, fertility, microbial activity and general soil health. For non perennial crops, this is normally, but not exclusively, achieved by means of crop rotation. 414
3.2.4 Fertilization Policy General Principles Sufficient quantities of biodegradable material of microbial, plant or animal origin should be returned to the soil to increase or at least maintain its fertility and the biological activity within it. Biodegradable material of microbial, plant or animal origin produced on organic farms should form the basis of the fertilization programme. Recommendations Fertilization management should minimize nutrient losses. Accumulation of heavy metals and other pollutants should be prevented. Non synthetic mineral fertilizers and brought in fertilizers of biological origin should be Regarded as supplementary and not a replacement for nutrient recycling. Adequate pH levels should be maintained in the soil. Standards 188.8.131.52. Biodegradable material of microbial, plant or animal origin shall form the basis of the fertilization programme. 184.108.40.206. The certification programme shall set limitations to the total amount of Biodegradable material of microbial, plant or animal origin brought onto the farm Unit, taking into account local conditions and the specific nature of the crops. 220.127.116.11. The certification programme shall set standards which prevent animal runs from becoming over manured where there is a risk of pollution. 18.104.22.168. Brought-in material (including potting compost) shall be in accordance with Appendix I.
Manures containing human excreta (faeces and urine) shall not be used. 22.214.171.124. Mineral fertilizers shall only be used in a supplementary role to carbon based Materials. Permission for use shall only be given when other fertility management Practices have been optimized. 126.96.36.199. Mineral fertilizers shall be applied in their natural composition and shall not be Rendered more soluble by chemical treatment. The certification programme may grant exceptions which shall be well justified. These exceptions shall not include Mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen (see Appendix 1). 188.8.131.52. The certification programme shall lay down restrictions for the use of inputs such as mineral potassium, magnesium fertilizers, trace elements, manures and Fertilizers with relatively high heavy metal content and/or other unwanted Substances, e.g. basic slag, rock phosphate and sewage sludge (Appendix I). 184.108.40.206. Chilean nitrate and all synthetic nitrogenous fertilizers, including urea, are prohibited. 3.2.5 Pest, Disease and Weed Management including Growth Regulators General Principles Organic farming systems should be carried out in a way which ensures that losses from Pests, diseases and weeds are minimized. Emphasis is placed on the use of a balanced fertilizing programme, use of crops and varieties well-adapted to the environment, fertile Soils of high biological activity, adapted rotations, companion planting, green
manures, etc. Growth and development should take place in a natural manner. Recommendations Weeds, pests and diseases should be controlled by a number of preventive cultural techniques which limit their development, e.g. suitable rotations, green manures, a balanced fertilizing programme, early and predrilling seedbed preparations, mulching, mechanical control and the disturbance of pest development cycles. The natural enemies of pests and diseases should be protected and encouraged through Proper habitat management of hedges, nesting sites etc. Pest management should be regulated by understanding and disrupting the ecological needs of the pests. An ecological equilibrium should be created to bring about a balance in the pest predator Cycle Standards 220.127.116.11. Products used for pest, disease and weed management, prepared at the farm from local plants, animals and micro-organisms, are allowed. If the ecosystem or the quality of organic products is likely to be jeopardized, the Procedure to Evaluate Additional Inputs to Organic Agriculture (Appendix 3) and other relevant criteria shall be used to judge if the product is acceptable. Branded products must always be evaluated 18.104.22.168. Thermic weed control and physical methods for pest, disease and weed management are permitted. 22.214.171.124. Thermal sterilization of soils to combat pests and diseases is restricted to circumstances where a proper rotation or renewal of soil cannot take place. Permission may be given by the certification programme only on a case by case basis.
126.96.36.199. All equipments from conventional farming systems shall be properly cleaned and free from residues before being used on organically managed areas. 188.8.131.52. The use of synthetic herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and other pesticides is prohibited. Permitted products for plant pest and disease control is listed in Appendix 2. 184.108.40.206 The use of synthetic growth regulators and synthetic dyes are prohibited. 220.127.116.11. The use of genetically engineered organisms or products are prohibited. 18.104.22.168 Accredited certification programmes shall ensure that measures are in place to Prevent transmission of pests, parasites and infectious agents. 3.2.6 Contamination Control General Principles All relevant measures should be taken to minimize contamination from outside and from within the farm. Recommendations In case of risk or reasonable suspicion of risk of pollution, the certification programme should set limits for the maximum application levels of heavy metals and other pollutants. Accumulation of heavy metals and other pollutants should be limited. Standards
22.214.171.124. In case of reasonable suspicion of contamination, the certification programme shall make sure that an analysis of the relevant products to detect the possible sources of pollution (soil and water), shall take place to determine the level of contamination. 126.96.36.199. For protected structure coverings, plastic mulches, fleeces, insect netting and Silage rapping, only products based on polyethylene and polypropylene or other Polycarbonates are allowed. These shall be removed from the soil after use and shall not be burnt on the farmland. The use of polychloride based products are Prohibited. 3.2.7 Soil and Water Conservation General Principles Soil and water resources should be handled in a sustainable manner. Recommendations Relevant measures should be taken to prevent erosion, salination of soil, excessive and Improper use of water and the pollution of ground and surface water. Standards 188.8.131.52. Clearing of land through the means of burning organic matter, e.g. slash-and-burn, straw burning shall be restricted to the minimum. 184.108.40.206 The clearing of primary forest is prohibited. 220.127.116.11. Relevant measures shall be taken to prevent erosion. 18.104.22.168. Excessive exploitation and depletion of water resources shall not be allowed. 22.214.171.124. The certification programme shall require appropriate stocking rates which do not 419
lead to land degradation and pollution of ground and surface water. 126.96.36.199. Relevant measures shall be taken to prevent salination of soil and water. 3.2.8 Collection of Non Cultivated Material of Plant Origin and Honey General Principles The act of collection should positively contribute to the maintenance of natural areas. Recommendations When harvesting or gathering the products, attention should be paid to maintenance and Sustainability of the ecosystem. Standards 188.8.131.52. Wild harvested products shall only be certified organic if derived from a stable and sustainable growing environment. Harvesting or gathering the product shall not exceed the sustainable yield of the ecosystem, or threaten the existence of plant or animal species. 184.108.40.206. Products can only be certified organic if derived from a clearly defined collecting Area, which is not exposed to prohibited substances, and which is subject to Inspection. 220.127.116.11. The collection area shall be at an appropriate distance from conventional farming, Pollution and contamination.
18.104.22.168. The operator managing the harvesting or gathering of the products shall be clearly Identified and be familiar with the collecting area in question. 3.3 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 3.3.1 Animal Husbandry Management General Principles Management techniques in animal husbandry should be governed by the physiological and ethological needs of the farm animals in question. This includes: • •
That animal should be allowed to conduct their basic behavioural needs. That all management techniques, including those where production levels and speed of growth should be concerned, for the good health and welfare of the animals.
Recommendations For welfare reasons the herd or flock size should not adversely affect the behavioural patterns of the animal. Standards 22.214.171.124. The certification programme shall ensure that the management of the animal environment takes into account the behavioral needs of the animals and provides for: • •
Sufficient free movement Sufficient fresh air and natural daylight according to the needs of the animals 421
• • •
Protection against excessive sunlight, temperatures, rain and wind according to the needs of the animals Enough lying and/or resting area according to the needs of the animal. For all animals requiring bedding, natural materials shall be provided. Ample access to fresh water and feed according to the needs of the animals Adequate facilities for expressing behavior in accordance with the biological and ethological needs of the species. No compounds used for construction materials or production equipment shall be used which might detrimentally affect human or animal health.
126.96.36.199. All animals shall have access to open air and/or grazing appropriate to the type of animal and season taking into account their age and condition, to be specified by the certification programme. The certification programme shall allow exceptions in cases where: • •
• • •
The specific farm or settlement structure prevents such access provided animal welfare can be guaranteed Areas where feeding of animals with carried fresh fodder is a more sustainable way to use land resources than grazing, provided animal welfare is not compromised. Restrictions shall always include a time limit which shall be set for each exception. Poultry and rabbits shall not be kept in cages. Landless animal husbandry systems shall not be allowed.
188.8.131.52. When the natural day length is prolonged by artificial lighting, the certification programme shall prescribe maximum hours
respective to species, geographical considerations and general health of animals. 184.108.40.206. Herd animals shall not be kept individually. The certification programme may allow exceptions, e.g., male animals, Smallholdings, sick animals and those about to give birth. 3.3.2 Length of Conversion Period General Principles The establishment of organic animal husbandry requires an interim period, the conversion period. Recommendations The whole farm, including livestock, should be converted according to the standards set out in this document. Conversion may be accomplished over a period of time. Replacement poultry should be brought onto the holding at the start of the production cycle. Standards 220.127.116.11. Animal products may be sold as "product of organic agriculture" only after the farm or relevant part of it has been under conversion for at least twelve months and provided the organic animal production standards have been met for the appropriate time 18.104.22.168. The certification programme shall specify the length of time by which the animal production standards shall be met. With regard to dairy and egg production, this period shall not be less than 30 days. 22.214.171.124. Animals present on the farm at the time of conversion may be sold for organic meat if the organic standards have been followed for 12 months. 423
3.3.3 Brought-in Animals General Principles All organic animals should be born and raised in the organic holding. Recommendations Organic animal husbandry should not be dependent on conventional raising systems. When trading or exchanging livestock, it should preferably take place between organic farms or as part of a long term cooperation between specific farms. Standards 126.96.36.199. When organic livestock is not available, the certification programme shall allow brought-in conventional animals according to the following age limits: • • • •
2 day old chickens for meat production 18 week old hens for egg production 2 week old for any other poultry Piglets up to six weeks and after weaning calves up to 4 weeks old which have received colostrums and are fed a diet consisting mainly of full milk.
Certification programmes shall set time limits (not exceeding 5 years) for implementation of certified organic animals from conception for each type of animal. 188.8.131.52. Breeding stock may be brought in from conventional farms at an annual rate not exceeding 10% of the adult animals of the same species in the organic farm. For brought-in breeding stock the certification programme shall allow a higher yearly maximum than 10% in the following cases and with specific time limits.•
Unforeseen severe natural or manmade events 424
• • •
Considerable enlargement of the farm Establishment of a new type of animal production on the farm Small holdings
3.3.4 Breeds and Breeding General Principles Breeds should be chosen which are adapted to local conditions. Breeding goals should not be at variance with the animal’s natural behavior and should be directed towards good health. Recommendations Breeding shall not include methods which make the farming system dependent on high technological and capital intensive methods. Reproduction techniques should be natural. Standards 184.108.40.206. The certification programme shall ensure that breeding systems are based on breeds that can both copulate and give birth naturally. 220.127.116.11. Artificial insemination is allowed. 18.104.22.168. Embryo transfer techniques are not allowed in organic agriculture. 22.214.171.124. Hormonal heat treatment and induced birth are not allowed unless applied to individual animals for medical reasons and under veterinary advice. 126.96.36.199. The use of genetically engineered species or breeds Recommendations 425
Species shall be chosen which do not require mutilation. Mutilations shall be allowed only in exceptional cases and shall be kept to the minimum. Standards 188.8.131.52 Mutilations are not allowed. The certification programme shall allow the following exceptions: • • • • •
Castrations Tail docking of lambs Dehorning Ringing Mulesing
Suffering shall be minimised and anaesthetics used where appropriate. 3.3.6
General Principles The livestock should be fed 100% organically grown feed of good quality. All feed shall come from the farm itself or be produced within the region. • • •
Farm animal by-products (e.g. abattoir waste) to ruminants Droppings, dung or other manure (all types of excreata) even if technologically processed Feed subjected to solvent (e.g. hexane), extraction (soya and rape seed meal)or the addition of other chemical agents Pure amino acids 426
Genetically engineered organisms or products thereof
This covers both organic and conventional feeding stuffs. 184.108.40.206. Vitamins, trace elements and supplements shall be used from natural origin when available in appropriate quantity and quality. The certification programme shall define conditions for use of vitamins and minerals from synthesised or unnatural sources. 220.127.116.11. All ruminants shall have daily access to roughage. 18.104.22.168. The following fodder preservatives shall be used: • • •
Bacteria, fungi and enzymes By-products of food industry (e.g. molasses) Plant based products
Synthetic chemical fodder preservatives shall be allowed in special weather conditions. The certification programme shall specify conditions for use of substances from synthesised or unnatural sources e.g. acetic, formic and propionic acid, vitamins and minerals. 22.214.171.124. The certification programme shall set minimum weaning times taking into account the natural behaviour of the relevant animal species. 126.96.36.199. Young stock from mammals shall be raised using systems which rely on organic milk, preferably from their own species. In emergencies the certification programme shall allow the use of milk from non-organic farming systems or dairy based milk substitutes so long as they do not contain antibiotics or synthetic additives. 3.3.7 Veterinary Medicine General Principles
Management practices should be directed to the wellbeing of animals, achieving maximum resistance against disease and preventing infections. Sick and injured animals shall be given prompt and adequate treatment. Recommendations Natural medicines and methods, including homeopathy, ayurvedic, unani medicine and acupuncture, shall be emphasized. When illness does occur the aim should be to find the cause and prevent future outbreaks by changing management practices. Where appropriate, the certification programme should set conditions based on the farm's veterinary records to minimise the use of medicines. The certification programme should make a list of medicines specifying the withholding periods. Standards 188.8.131.52. The well-being of the animals is the primary consideration in the choice of illness treatment. The use of conventional veterinary medicines are allowed when no other justifiable alternative is available. 184.108.40.206. Where conventional veterinary medicines are used, the withholding period shall Be at least double the legal period. 220.127.116.11. • • •
Use of the following substances is prohibited : Synthetic growth promoters Substances of synthetic origin for production, stimulation or suppression of natural growth 428
Hormones for heat induction and heat synchronisation unless used for an individual animal against reproductive disorders, justified by veterinary indications
18.104.22.168. Vaccinations shall be used only when diseases are known or expected to be a problem in the region of the farm and where these diseases cannot be controlled by other management techniques. The certification programme shall define conditions for such cases. Legally required vaccinations are allowed. •
Genetically engineered vaccines are prohibited.
3.3.8 Transport and Slaughter General Principles Transport and slaughter should minimise stress to the animal. Transport distance and frequency should be minimised. The transport medium should be appropriate for each animal. Recommendations Animals should be inspected regularly during transport. Animals should be watered and fed during transport depending on weather conditions and duration of the transport. Stress to the animal shall be minimized, especially taking into consideration: • • •
Contact (by eye, ear or smell) of each animal with dead animals or animals in the killing process Existing group ties Resting time to release stress
Each animal shall be stunned before being bled to death. The equipment used for stunning should be in good working order. 429
Exceptions can be made according to cultural practice. Where animals are bled without prior stunning this should take place in a calm environment. Standards 22.214.171.124. Throughout the different steps of the process there shall be a person responsible for the well- being of the animal. 126.96.36.199 Handling during transport and slaughter shall be calm and gentle. The use of electric sticks and such instruments are prohibited. 188.8.131.52. The certification programme shall set slaughter and transportation standards that will take into consideration: • • • •
Stress caused to the animal and person in charge Fitness of the animal Loading and unloading Mixing different groups of animals or animals of different sex • Quality and suitability of mode of transport and handling equipment • Temperatures and relative humidity • Hunger and thirst • Specific needs 184.108.40.206. No chemical synthesized tranquillisers or stimulants shall be given prior to or during transport. 220.127.116.11. Each animal or group of animals shall be identifiable during all steps.
18.104.22.168. Where the transport is by axle, the journey time to the slaughterhouse shall not exceed eight hours. Certification programmes may grant exceptions on a case to case basis 3.3.9 Bee Keeping General Principles The collection area should be organic and/or wild and should be as varied as possible to fulfill the nutritional needs of the colony and contribute to good health. The feed supplied should be fully organic. Bee keeping is considered to be part of animal husbandry. The general principles therefore also apply to bee keeping. Recommendations The feeding of colonies shall be seen as an exception to overcome temporary feed shortages due to climatic conditions. The foundation comb should be made from organic wax. When bees are grown in wild areas, consideration should be taken of the indigenous insect population. Where the transport is by axle, the journey time to the slaughterhouse shall not exceed eight hours. Certification programmes may grant exceptions on a case to case basis Standards 22.214.171.124. Hives shall be situated in organically managed fields and/or wild natural areas. Hives shall not be placed close to fields or other areas where chemical pesticides and herbicides are used. Exceptions can be made by certification bodies on a case to case basis. 126.96.36.199. Feeding shall only take place after the last harvest before the season when no foraging feed is available. 188.8.131.52. Each bee hive shall primarily consist of natural materials. Use of construction materials with potentially toxic effects are prohibited. 431
184.108.40.206. Persistent materials may not be used in beehives where there is a possibility of permeation of the honey and where residues may be distributed in the area through dead bees. 220.127.116.11. Wing clipping is not allowed 18.104.22.168. Veterinary medicine shall not be used in bee keeping. When working with the bees (e.g. at harvest) no repellent consisting of prohibited Substances shall be used. 22.214.171.124. For pest and disease control and for hive disinfection the following products shall be allowed: • • • • • •
3.4 FOOD PROCESSING AND HANDLING 3.4.1 General General Principles Any handling and processing of organic products should be optimised to maintain the quality and integrity of the product and directed towards minimising the development of pests and diseases. Recommendations Processing and handling of organic products should be done separately in time or place from handling and processing of non organic products. Pollution sources shall be identified and contamination avoided. Flavouring extracts shall be obtained from food (preferably organic) by means of physical processes. 432
Standards 126.96.36.199. Organic products shall be protected from co-mingling with non-organic products. 188.8.131.52. All products shall be adequately identified through the whole process. 184.108.40.206. The certification programme shall set standards to prevent and control pollutants and contaminants. 220.127.116.11. Organic and non-organic products shall not be stored and transported together except when labelled or physically separated. 18.104.22.168. Certification programme shall regulate the means and measures to be allowed or recommended for decontamination, cleaning or disinfection of all facilities where organic products are kept, handled, processed or stored. 22.214.171.124. Besides storage at ambient temperature, the following special conditions of storage are permitted (See Appendix 4): Controlled atmosphere • • • • •
Cooling Freezing Drying Humidity regulation Ethylene gas is permitted for ripening.
3.4.2 Pest and Disease Control General Principles Pests should be avoided by good manufacturing practices. This includes general cleanliness and hygiene. Treatments with pest regulating agents must thus be regarded as the last resort. 433
Recommendations Recommended treatments are physical barriers, sound, ultra-sound, light, and UV-light, traps (incl. pheromone traps and static bait traps), temperature control, controlled atmosphere and diatomaceous earth. A plan for pest prevention and pest control should be developed. Standards 126.96.36.199. For pest management and control the following measures shall be used in order of priority: • • • • •
Preventive methods such as disruption, elimination of habitat and access to facilities Mechanical, physical and biological methods Pesticidal substances contained in the Appendices of the national standards Other substances used in traps Irradiation is prohibited.
188.8.131.52. There shall never be direct or indirect contact between organic products and prohibited substances. (e.g. pesticides). In case of doubt, it shall be ensured that no residues are present in the organic product. 184.108.40.206. Persistent or carcinogenic pesticides and disinfectants are not permitted. The certification programme shall set up rules to determine which protection agents and disinfectants may be used. 3.4.3 Ingredients, Additives and Processing Aids General Principles 100% of the ingredients of agriculture origin shall be certified organic. 434
Recommendations For the production of enzymes and other micro-biological products the medium shall be composed of organic ingredients. • • •
The certification programme should take into consideration: The maintenance of nutritional value The existence or possibility of producing similar products.
Standards 220.127.116.11. In cases where an ingredient of organic agriculture origin is not available in sufficient quality or quantity, the certification programme may authorise use of non organic raw materials subject to periodic re-evaluation. Such non-organic raw material shall not be genetically engineered. 18.104.22.168. The same ingredient within one product shall not be derived both from an organic and non-organic origin. 22.214.171.124. Water and salt may be used in organic products. 126.96.36.199. Minerals (including trace elements), vitamins and similar isolated ingredients shall not be used. The certification programme may, grant exceptions where use is legally required or where severe dietary, or nutritional deficiency can be demonstrated. 188.8.131.52. Preparations of micro-organisms and enzymes commonly used in food processing may be used, with the exception of genetically engineered micro-organisms and their products. 184.108.40.206. The use of additives and processing aids shall be restricted. 3.4.4 Processing Methods 435
General Principles Processing methods should be based on mechanized, physical and biological processes. The vital quality of an organic ingredient shall be maintained throughout each step of its processing. Recommendations Processing methods shall be chosen to limit the number and quantity of additives and processing aids. Standards 220.127.116.11. The following kinds of processes are approved: • • • • • •
Mechanical and physical Biological Smoking Extraction Precipitation Filtration
18.104.22.168. Extraction shall only take place with water, ethanol, plant and animal oils, vinegar, carbon dioxide, nitrogen or carboxylic acids. These shall be of food grade quality, appropriate for the purpose. 22.214.171.124. Irradiation is not allowed. 126.96.36.199. Filtration substances shall not be made of asbestos nor may they be permeated with substances which may negatively affect the product. 3.4.5 Packaging General Principles 436
Ecologically sound materials should be used for the packaging of organic products. Recommendations. Packaging materials that affect the organic nature of the contents should be avoided. Use of PVC materials is prohibited. Laminates and aluminum should be avoided. Recycling and reusable systems shall be used wherever possible. Biodegradable packaging materials shall be used. Standards 188.8.131.52 The materials used must not affect the organoleptic character of the product or transmit to it any substances in quantities that may be harmful to human health. 3.5 LABELLING General Principles Labelling shall convey clear and accurate information on the organic status of the product. Recommendations When the full standards requirements are fulfilled, products shall be sold as "produce of organic agriculture" or a similar description. The name and address of the person or company legally responsible for the production or processing of the product shall be mentioned on the label. Product labels should list processing procedures which influence the product properties in a way not immediately obvious. 437
Additional product information shall be made available on request. All components of additives and processing aids shall be declared. Ingredients or products derived from wild production shall be declared as such. Standards 184.108.40.206. The person or company legally responsible for the production or processing of the product shall be identifiable. 220.127.116.11. Single ingredient products may be labelled as "produce of organic agriculture" or a similar description when all Standard requirements have been met. 18.104.22.168. Mixed products where not all ingredients, including additives, are of organic origin may be labelled in the following way (raw material weight): •
Where a minimum of 95% of the ingredients are of certified organic origin, products may be labelled "certified organic" or similar and should carry the logo of the certification programme. Where less than 95% but not less than 70% of the ingredients are of certified organic origin, products may not be called "organic". The word "organic" may be used on the principal display in statements like "made with organic ingredients" provided there is a clear statement of the proportion of the organic ingredients. An indication that the product is covered by the certification programme may be used, close to the indication of proportion of organic ingredients. Where less than 70% of the ingredients are of certified organic origin, the indication that an ingredient is organic may appear in the ingredients list. Such product may not be called "organic". 438
22.214.171.124. Added water and salt shall not be included in the percentage calculations of organic ingredients. 126.96.36.199. The label for in-conversion products shall be clearly distinguishable from the label for organic products. 188.8.131.52. All raw materials of a multi-ingredient product shall be listed on the product label in order of their weight percentage. It shall be apparent which raw materials are of organic certified origin and which are not. All additives shall be listed with their full name. If herbs and/or spices constitute less than 2% of the total weight of the product, they may be listed as "spices" or "herbs” without stating the percentage. 184.108.40.206. Organic products shall not be labelled as GE (genetic engineering) or GM (genetic modification) free in order to avoid potentially misleading claims about the end product. Any reference to genetic engineering on product labels shall be limited to the production method. 3.6 STORAGE & TRANSPORT General Principles Product integrity should be maintained during storage and transportation of organic products. Recommendations Organic Products must be protected at all times from co-mingling with non-organic products. Organic products must be protected at all times from contact with materials and substances not permitted for use in organic farming and handling. Standards 439
3.6.1 Where only part of the unit is certified and other products are non-organic, the organic products should be stored and handled separately to maintain their identity. 3.6.2 Bulk stores for organic product should be separate from conventional product stores and clearly labeled to that effect. 3.6.3 Storage areas and transport containers for organic product should be cleaned using methods and materials permitted in organic production. Measures should be taken to prevent possible contamination from any pesticide or other treatment not listed in Appendix-2
Appendix-2 Permitted/Restricted/Not allowed Products for use in Organic Crop Production Products for use in Fertilizing and Soil conditioning In organic agriculture the maintenance of soil fertility may be achieved through the recycling of organic material whose nutrients are made available to crops through the action of soil micro-organisms and bacteria. Many of these inputs are restricted for use in organic production. In this appendix “restricted” means that the conditions and the procedure for use shall be set by the certification programme. Factors such as contamination, risk of nutritional imbalances and depletion of natural resources shall be taken into consideration. 1. Matter produced on and Organic Farm Unit 1. Farmyard& poultry manure, slurry, urine
2. Crop residues and green manure
3. Straw and other mulches
2. Matter produced Outside the Organic Farm Unit 1. Blood meal, meat meal, bone meal and feather meal Restricted without preservatives 2. Compost made from any carbon based residues Restricted (animal excrement including poultry) 441
Farmyard manure, slurry, urine restricted (Preferably after control fermentation and or appropriate dilution)not permitted. 4. Fish and fish products without preservatives- Restricted 5. Guano -Restricted 6. Human excrement- Not allowed 7. By-products from the food and textile industries of biodegradable -Restricted material of microbial, plant or animal origin without any synthetic additives 8. Peat without synthetic additives (Prohibited for soil conditioning)- Permitted 9. Saw dust, wood shavings, wood provided which comes – Permitted from untreated wood 10. Sea weed and sea weed products obtained by physical process, extraction - Restricted with water or aqueous acid and / alkali solution 11. Sewage sludge and urban compost from separated sources - Restricted which are monitored for contamination 12. Straw –Restricted 13. Vermicasts- Restricted 14. Animal Charcoal –Restricted 15. Compost and spent mushroom and vermiculate substance- Restricted 16. Compost from organic household – Restricted 17. Compost from plant residues- Restricted 18. By products from oil palm, coconut and cocoaRestricted (including empty fruit bunch, palm oil mill effluent (pome), cocoa peat and empty cocoa pods 442
19. By products of industries processing ingredients from Restricted organic agriculture 20. By products from oil palm, coconut and cocoa Restricted (including empty fruit bunch, palm oil mill effluent (pome), cocoa peat and empty cocoa pods 3. Minerals 1 2
Basic slag Calcareous and magnesium rocks
3 4 5
Calcified sea weed Permitted Calcium chloride Permitted Calcium carbonate of network Permitted(Chalk, limestone, origin gypsum and phosphate chalk) Mineral potassium with low Restricted (e.g. suphate of potash, chlorine content kainite, syslvinitae, patenkali)
Appendix- 3 Products for plant pest and disease control Certain products are allowed for use in organic agriculture for the control of pest and diseases in plant production. Many of these products are restricted for use in organic production. Such products should only be used when absolutely necessary and should be chosen taking the environmental impact into consideration. In this schedule “restricted” means that the conditions and the procedure for use shall be set by the inspection and Certification Agency. Substances From plant and animal origin 1. Azardiracta indica(neem preparations) neem oil Restricted 2. Preparation of rotenone from Derris elliptica Restricted Lonchocarpus, Thephrosia spp 3. Gelatin Permitted 4. Propolis Restricted 5. Plant based extracts(ex: neem, garlic, pongamia, etc) permitted 6. Preparations on basis of pyrethrins extracted from permitted 7. Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, containing possibly a synergist pyrethrum cinerafolium Restricted 8. Release of parasite predators of insects pests Restricted 9. Preparation from Ryania species Restricted 10. Tobacco tea Not allowed 11. Lecithin Restricted 12. Casein Permitted 13. Sea weeds, sea weed meal, sea weed extracts, Restricted Sea salt and salty water 14. Extract from mushroom(Shitake fungus) Permitted 445
15. Extract from Chlorella 16. Fermented products from Aspergillus 17. Natural acids (vinegar)
4. Copper salts/ inorganic salts (Bordeaux mix, copper hydroxide, Inspection and certification Agency used as a fungicide, maximum 8 kg per year depending upon the crop and under the supervision of Inspection and Certification Agency) 5. Mineral powders (stone meal, silicates)