Cognitive Perspective Psychology Articles

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The multiple, interacting levels of cognitive systems (MILCS

The multiple, interacting levels of cognitive systems (MILCS) perspective on group cognition Robert L. Goldstone & Georg Theiner To cite this article: Robert L. Goldstone & Georg Theiner (2017): The multiple, interacting levels of cognitive systems (MILCS) perspective on group cognition, Philosophical Psychology, DOI: 10.1080/09515089.2017.1295635

Social Cognitive Theory

Self-efficacy is a key element of Social Cognitive Theory because it affects students motivation and learning (Pajares, 1996, 2006; Schunk, 1995, 2003). Below we present a few examples of self-efficacy

Cognitive Perspective in SLA: Pedagogical Implications for

Cognitive Perspective in SLA is an interdisciplinary field, which draws on research in cognitive linguistics, cognitive psychology, psycholinguistics, artificial intelligence, and construction grammar. Below we underline the key tenets of the Cognitive Perspective that have informed and inspired the Usage-Based

Approaches to Psychology Cognitive Psychology The cognitive

Approaches to Psychology Cognitive Psychology Aidan Sammons psychlotron.org.uk How do cognitive psychologists study human behaviour? Cognitive psychologists follow the example of the behaviourists in preferring objective, controlled, scientific methods for investigating behaviour. They use the results of their investigations as the

A Brief Introduction to Cognitive-Behavioural Hypnotherapy (CBH)

Cognitive-behavioural therapies are significantly more effective than psychodynamic therapies, and their superiority increases when long-term follow-up is assessed. Hypnosis enhances the efficacy of both psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy, and this effect is especially strong in long-term outcome of treatment for obesity.

The Need for a Psychoanalytic Psychology in the Cognitive

required to carry forward both the psychoanalytic and cognitive science enterprises. As discussed further in the second section of this article, the concepts and methods of modern cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, and emotion theory, along with psychoanalytic concepts, can be used in developing such models. Focus on Mind Body

A Cognitive-Affective System Theory of Personality

Walter Mischel or Yuichi Shoda, Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027. dividual's characteristic average levels of behavior. Toward that goal, we propose a cognitive-affective system theory of person-ality, drawing in part on the growing body of evidence and the-

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - Elsevier

Cognitive Psychology is concerned with advances in the study of attention, memory, language processing, perception, problem solving, and thinking. Cognitive Psychology specializes in extensive articles that have a major impact on cognitive theory and provide new theoretical advances. Research Areas include: Artificial intelligence

Likes and Dislikes: A Social Cognitive Perspective on Attitudes

Cognitive Perspective on Attitudes Melissa J. Ferguson & Jun Fukukura 9 The vast majority of articles and chapters about attitudes (including this one) introduce the topic by referencing the famous quote by Gordon Allport that attitudes are the most distinctive and indispensable concept in contemporary social psychology (Allport, 1935).

Adaptive rationality: An evolutionary perspective on

in Psychology Faculty Articles and Research by an authorized administrator of Chapman University Digital Commons. For more information, please [email protected] Recommended Citation Haselton, Martie G., et al. (2009). Adaptive rationality: An evolutionary perspective on cognitive bias. Social Cognition 27(5), 733-763.

Integrative Therapeutic Approach Combining Cognitive

Department of Psychology AN INTEGRATIVE THERAPEUTIC APPROACH COMBINING COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY AND FAITH FOR THE TREATMENT OF RECURRENT DEPRESSION IN AN ADULT CLIENT By William J. Librizzi III Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of the Degree of Doctor of Psychology November 2006

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH JEALOUSY OVER REAL AND IMAGINED

May 24, 2002 The Social-Cognitive Perspective of Jealousy The theory of jealousy as a specific innate module is limited in two major respects. First, although it predicts sex differences in jealousy, it does not account for within-sex differences. Second, it only addresses jealousy as it occurs in a very narrow context, namely in response to infidelity, and

SELF-PERCEPTION: AN ALTERNATIVE INTERPRETATION OF COGNITIVE

Like many theories in psychology, the theory of cognitive dissonance at-tempts to account for observed func-tional relations between current stim-uli and responses by postulating some hypothetical process within the organ-ism, in this case, an inferred process of the arousal and reduction of disso-nance. Like many other contemporary

Explaining Preferences from Behavior: A Cognitive Dissonance

psychology with the work of Festinger (1957) that suggests that actions could affect preferences through cognitive dis-sonance. One key aspect of cognitive dissonance theory is that individuals experience a mental discomfort after taking actions that appear to be in conflict with their starting pref-erences.

The cognitive revolution: a historical perspective

The cognitive revolution: a historical perspective George A. Miller Department of Psychology, Princeton University, 1-S-5 Green Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA Cognitive science is a child of the 1950s, the product of a time when psychology, anthropology and linguistics were redefining themselves and computer science and

A Perspective From Cognitive Psychology © The Author(s) 2015

A Perspective From Cognitive Psychology Aaron S. Benjamin1 and Hal Pashler2 Abstract Recent years have seen an increased push toward the standardization of education in the United States. At the federal level, both major national political parties have generally supported the institution of national guidelines known as Common Core a

Cognitive approaches to emotions

the field seem confusing. Cognitive approaches, based on the mind s organization of conscious and uncon-scious knowledge, offer a clarifying perspective because they focus on the fundamental issues of how emotions are caused and what their effects are. According to cognitive approaches, emotions are impor-tant

Humanistic Theory versus Social Cognition and Their

Humanistic and the social cognitive theory are two theories that I find to be extremely applicable to a person in an educational field. To understand fully what the two theories have to offer is something that I think an instructor or professor must undergo prior to entering any field specific to education.

Cognitive- Behavioral Theory

Cognitive-Behavioral Theory 15. not be in one s immediate awareness, with proper training and practice indi - viduals can become aware of them. The second key assumption is that our thinking mediates the way that we respond to environmental cues. From this perspective, people do not just react emotionally or behaviorally to life events.

Health Promotion from the P erspective of Social Cognitive Theory

accomplish social change, therefore, play a key role in the policy and public health perspective to health promotion and disease prevention. Bandura, A. (1998). Health promotion from the perspective of social cognitive theory. Psychology and Health, 13, 623-649.

Stereotyping From the Perspective of Perceivers and Targets

From the cognitive perspective, stereotypes are viewed as a type of mental shortcut we rely on to obtain information quickly and effortlessly. The study of judgmental heuristics (see Gigerenzer, 2008; Tversky & Kahneman, 1974) teaches us that at any moment in time, there are a number of stimuli competing for our attention. Given our cognitive

Integration of Spirituality and Cognitive-behavioral Therapy

scholars who effectively use empirically supported cognitive-behavioral approaches to diagnose, assess, and treat individually and culturally diverse people. One of the main features of this study is the incorporation of spirituality into the cognitive-behavioral model. By doing so, the cognitive-behavioral approach could effectively expand into

Concepts and Categories: A Cognitive Neuropsychological

Concepts and Categories: A Cognitive Neuropsychological Perspective Bradford Z. Mahon1,2 and Alfonso Caramazza1,2 Bradford Z. Mahon: [email protected]; Alfonso Caramazza: [email protected] 1 Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02318

C ISSN: 0009-8655 print;1939-912x online DOI: 10.1080

The Cognitive Perspective on Learning 205 compete with the behaviorist orientation. Cognitivism now constitutes an alternative framework for teach-ing. But, the cognitive perspective on learning is not well-known by teachers. A review of recently published works on educational psychology or teaching methods

University of Pennsylvania ScholarlyCommons

Given the foundations of cognitive load theory explained above, the question remains regarding what precisely is the mechanism that makes cognitive loads work. There are many lenses through which to approach this topic, and we will briefly discuss how cognitive loads manifest in various decision strategies and in affect versus cognition.

A Social-Cognitive Perspective of Terrorism Risk Perception

A Social-Cognitive Perspective of Terrorism Risk Perception and Individual Response in Canada JenniferE.C.Lee1∗ and Louise Lemyre2 The volume of research on terrorism has increased since the events of September 11, 2001. However, efforts to develop a contextualized model incorporating cognitive, social-

Brain and emotion: Cognitive neuroscience of emotions

Review of Psychology, 2011, Vol. 18, No. 2, 71-80 UDC 159.9 Emotions are complex phenomena. They modulate and guide behavior as a collection of biological, social, and cognitive components. Theoretical assumptions emphasize one or more components, thus we can distinguish between cognitive theories (e.g., Clore & Ortony, 2008), social-

Cognitive Psychology: Attention, Memory, and Multitasking

Cognitive Psychology is the study of how people perceive, remember, think, speak, and solve problems. Brain Diagram

Research Methods in Cognitive Psychology

the socio-functional perspective on envy as a source of shifting cognitive processes in individuals towards certain targets [5]. Approaches to Cognitive psychology A number of different approaches have been proposed in order to better understand the field of cognitive psychology. Each of these approaches emphasizes a

Cognitive Neuroscience Analyses of Memory: A Historical

A Historid Perspective Michael R. Polster, Lynn Nadel, and Daniel L. Schacter Department of Psychology University of Arizona Abstract As part of the general trend toward interdisciplinary re- search in recent years, a growing number of investigators have come to consider both cognitive and neuroscientific perspec-

Clinical Psychology Review - Stanford University

Aug 31, 2017 cognitive control over mood-congruent material, which in turn, contributes to cognitive biases and the use of maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, all of which exacerbate and sustain symptoms of depression. J. LeMoult, I.H. Gotlib Clinical Psychology Review 69 (2019) 51 66 52

Where Evolutionary Psychology meets Cognitive Neuroscience

Like pre-Darwinian psychology and other social sciences, cognitive neuroscience without evolution will have difficulty accurately describing the functional workings of the human mind. The number of articles appearing in journals such as The Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Brain Research, Brain, Neuron,

INVESTOR S PSYCHOLOGY IN INVESTMENT DECISION MAKING: A

Fig. 2 Investors Psychology in Behavioral Finance Perspective Psychological biases display the irrational characteristic in investment decision making. Cognitive bias, over -confidence, self -attribution bias and herd affect are four main psychology biases according to the research. These biases are more noticeable among

Psychological Perspectives on Leadership

emerges from a constellation of cognitive, social, and dispositional qual-ities, though each type of fl exibility is considered independent. For example, integrative complexity (e.g., Tetlock, 1983) allows a leader to develop the elaborate cognitive responses that are required in complex

SOCIOCULTURAL THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT - Department of Psychology

Cognitive Development Occurs in Social Interaction Piaget (Individual child as unit of analysis) Acknowledged that children learned through peers more likely to promote disequilibrium Believed children were more critical of age-matched peers. Difference is that Piaget saw the outside environment as giving child information about

Cognitive Psychology: History

Cognitive Psychology: History Since the beginning of experimental psychology in the nineteenth century, there had been interest in the study of higher mental processes. But something discontinuous happened in the late 1950s, something so dramatic that it is now referred to as the cognitive revolution, and the view of mental processes that it

Cognitive psychology and anxiety - Occidental College

Cognitive psychology is the study of how the mind processes information. In other words, it involves information processing that is, the notion that psychological processes can be described by the flow of information within the nervous system. Examples of cognitive processes include the ways that people select, interpret and

Psychology 2210y Cognition: Basic Processes

perspective of cognitive psychology. We will cover topics in thinking and information processing, learning, language, memory, attention, creativity, judgment and decision making and consciousness. Various theories and selected experiments will be described and discussed. In addition to readings from the textbook, each

1. Introduction: The Implications of Cognitive Psychology for

cognitive psychology to the testing movement is to be understood and appreci­ ated, a more substantial development of the four themes mentioned earlier must be provided. At the same time that cognitive psychology has been expanding its contribu­ tions to issues close to those traditionally deemed psychometric, increasing de­